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1.
基于青海和甘肃区域地震台网记录的宽频带地震波形和震相观测数据,利用近震全波形反演方法和双差定位方法分别对2022年1月23日青海德令哈MS5.8地震进行全矩张量反演和地震序列重定位研究。矩张量反演结果表明主震为一次典型走滑型地震,最佳断层面节面Ⅰ走向78°、倾角88°、滑动角-22°,节面Ⅱ走向169°、倾角68°、滑动角-177°,矩心深度为9 km,矩震级为MW=5.5。定位结果显示余震优势展布方向为NNW-SSE,长度约16 km,余震震源深度优势分布在7~12 km之间。综合分析表明,节面Ⅱ与余震精定位所勾勒出的断层面走向和倾向较为一致,推断NNW走向的断层面为可能发震断层面,认为德令哈地震是发生在祁连山断裂带的向W倾、倾角约为68°的右旋走滑断裂上。在印度板块向欧亚板块俯冲挤压作用下,青藏高原东北部构造块体应力不断积累,造成祁连山断裂带内断层失稳而发生此次青海德令哈MS5.8地震。  相似文献   

2.
付裕  黄晖  徐鸣洁 《中国地震》2018,34(4):621-631
2016年8月24日意大利中部发生MW6.0地震,2个月之后,震中附近相继发生MW5.5、MW5.9、MW6.5地震。研究这几次较大地震间的相互触发作用及机制十分必要,然而在大地震之后传统地震目录通常缺失很多余震事件,缺失的余震事件包含着早期余震时空分布和迁移规律的信息,为完善余震目录本文利用匹配滤波方法对MW6.0地震后80天内的连续数据进行余震检测,得到了数十倍于模板数量的新检测事件,检测事件与模板事件组成的新余震目录完备震级为1.0,提高了地震目录的完备性。依据新余震目录进行余震时空分布研究,结果显示MW6.0、MW5.9、MW6.5地震的早期余震迁移规律不同。MW6.0地震的早期余震沿着断裂走向同时朝两侧迁移;而MW5.9、MW6.5地震的早期余震向南、北迁移表示出不对称的特征。通过拟合余震迁移前端发现,MW6.0、MW5.5地震的早期余震朝着随后较大地震的方向迁移,且较符合lgt的特征,表明余震迁移可能与慢滑动有关。  相似文献   

3.
孙昭杰  李金  黄瑜  桂荣 《中国地震》2018,34(1):71-82
利用新疆区域数字地震台网波形资料,采用CAP方法反演了2015年7月3日新疆皮山6.5级地震主震及部分MS≥3.6余震的震源机制解和距心深度。研究结果显示,皮山6.5级地震主震最佳双力偶解节面I:走向290°/倾角55°/滑动角96°;节面Ⅱ:走向101°/倾角35°/滑动角82°,最佳矩心深度16km,表明该地震是一次逆冲型事件。通过反演部分MS≥3.6余震的震源机制解发现,早期余震的破裂方式与主震较为一致,随着时间的推移余震震源机制出现走滑型和正断型,表明早期余震的破裂受主震影响较大,随着序列的发展变化,后期震源区应力场可能出现一定程度的调整。统计皮山6.5级地震序列P轴方位发现,优势方位为NNE向,与该区域构造应力场方向较为一致。结合地震序列的震源机制及他人精定位结果和震源区地质构造情况,初步解释了导致此次地震的原因。  相似文献   

4.
采用吉林、黑龙江、辽宁和内蒙古地震台网记录的地震波形数据,利用ISOLA近震全波形反演方法对2019年5月18日吉林宁江MS5.1地震进行全矩张量反演。结果表明,该地震的最佳断层面解节面Ⅰ走向304°/倾角81°/滑动角26°,节面Ⅱ走向210°/倾角65°/滑动角170°;最佳矩心深度6km,矩震级MW5.0。根据宁江MS5.1地震序列展布形态,推断节面Ⅱ可能为优势发震断层面,即本次地震的主控断裂为扶余-肇东断裂,和与其正交的第二松花江断裂共同控制着余震展布方向。全矩张量解在Husdon震源类型图上的投影显示本次地震具有明显的非双力偶成分,是1次体积增加的张性破裂。根据区域地质构造特征和震源区接收函数、电磁测深和地下热结构等地球物理研究结果,综合分析认为在西太平洋板块作用形成俯冲带的同时,也相应地产生了热物质上涌,这些地球物理过程可能会改变莫霍面形态,使其向上突起并作用于活动断层,从而形成此次吉林宁江MS5.1地震。  相似文献   

5.
2017年8月9日新疆博尔塔拉州精河县发生MS6.6地震,震中44.3°N、82.9°E,震源深度11km,精河地震发生在库松木契克山前断裂附近,基于远震波形记录反演的震源机制为逆冲型,地质调查结果显示主震破裂未出露地表。利用地震精定位研究余震的空间分布,结果显示,余震展布与库松木契克山前断裂的走向基本吻合,且余震主要分布在主震西侧,单侧破裂特征明显,余震的深度集中在5~15km。基于M-t图分析序列的衰减特征发现,截至2017年8月20日,序列中ML2.0、ML3.0余震相对丰富,衰减基本正常。G-R关系给出的b值为0.54,外推最大余震震级为MS5.6,h值为2.17,均显示该序列为主-余型。MS≥4.0余震的等待时间与发生时间较好地满足双对数线性关系,同样为主-余型地震的特征。断层面上静态滑动量分布相对单一且集中,最大滑动位于沿倾向10km处附近,与地质调查主震断层未出露地表的结果一致,同时也表明主震破裂较充分。基于数字波形资料计算出的余震视应力与震级间很好地符合指数关系,扣除震级变化影响后的序列视应力未出现显著高值,也表明此次破裂的能量释放比较充分。  相似文献   

6.
采用CAP(Cut and Paste)方法反演了2016年1月21日青海门源MS6.4地震的震源机制解,其最佳双力偶解节面I走向339°,倾角49°,滑动角111°:节面Ⅱ走向129°,倾角45°,滑动角68°,矩震级MW5.92,矩心震源深度约为9 km,地震破裂类型为逆冲型地震。结合余震序列展布及震区的活动构造特征,判定发震断层面为节面I,推测此次地震的发震断裂为冷龙岭断裂。  相似文献   

7.
王鹏  侯金欣  吴朋 《中国地震》2017,33(4):453-462
中强地震序列的主震发生后,短时间内受台站距震中较远、尾波干扰和波形重叠等因素的影响,往往会遗漏大量的地震,而地震目录的完整性会直接影响到震后趋势判定和余震序列特征分析的科学性和可靠性。本文利用基于GPU加速的模板匹配方法对2017年8月1~12日的连续波形进行扫描计算,检测九寨沟MS7.0地震前后遗漏的地震事件,选取台网目录中信噪比较高的1033个地震事件作为模板,在主震前7天至震后5天期间识别出4854个检测地震事件,为台网可定位目录的3.3倍,除去对台网单台地震事件的修正外,还检测到1797个遗漏地震事件,将完备震级从1.6级降低到1.4级。基于补充了遗漏地震的完整地震目录,对2017年8月8日九寨沟MS7.0地震序列活动特征进行分析。结果表明,前震序列在主震前短时间内出现了地震活动的密集增强,b值也显示为低值状态,可能是深部断层发生破裂之前的加速蠕动的结果。随着时间的推移,余震序列的完备震级逐渐下降并趋于稳定,b值存在缓慢升高的趋势,未来较长时期内余震序列仍将处于持续衰减的状态。  相似文献   

8.
宋秀青 《中国地震》2017,33(4):694-702
2017年8月9日精河发生MS6.6地震,随后发生一系列余震。本文采用PTD方法和新疆测震台网分析的震相数据,基于新疆“2015地壳速度模型”,计算了该地震序列的震源深度,得到MS6.6主震震源深度约为14km,MS≥2.5余震深度为9~18km。所有震相数据来自中国地震台网中心编目数据库。  相似文献   

9.
2015年1月14日乐山金口河M5.0地震发生在历史地震强度较低的川南山区与四川盆地交界一带。基于四川区域地震台网的震相报告与波形资料,采用双差定位法对地震序列进行重新定位,同时,采用CAP波形反演方法及HASH方法反演了主震及序列中8次ML≥2.0地震的震源机制解。另外,利用Coulomb3计算了主震发生后库仑应力改变量,得到的结果如下:①重新定位结果显示,金口河M5.0地震位于(103.18°E,29.32°N),震源深度16.6km,略深于波形反演结果(12km)。序列分布在NNW向天全-荥经断裂和NE向西河-美姑断裂的交汇部位,余震序列在空间上呈NE向展布。②M5.0主震的机制解为节面Ⅰ:走向350°/倾角46°/滑动角107°,节面Ⅱ:走向146°/倾角47°/滑动角73°,表现为走向NW(NNW)、中等倾角的逆冲型运动方式。序列中其余8次ML≥2.0余震大多以走向NE的逆冲型地震为主,个别为走滑或正断层类型。主震和大部分余震的节面方向不一致,主震节面方向与余震长轴方向也不一致。③主震后库仑应力改变量显示,余震主要发生在主震引起的库仑破裂应力增加的区域。综合分析推测,NNW向天全-荥经断裂为本次地震主震的发震构造,倾向NE的机制解节面Ⅰ指出了该断裂的几何产状;M5.0主震发生后,立即触发了其旁侧的NE向西河-美姑断裂,并激发了多次余震。  相似文献   

10.
针对九寨沟MS7.0地震之后不同时间段的余震序列目录,利用推定最大余震震级,给出了实际最大余震震级的估计值。结果表明,推定最大余震震级随主震后时间尺度的延长而趋于稳定,且该值与实际发生的最大余震的震级一致。需要强调的是,就九寨沟地震序列而言,当余震数据较为完备时,采用主震后较短时间段内(1~2天)的余震目录就可以较准确地估算出主震区域内可能发生的最大余震震级。实际上,主震后12h(0.5天)的余震数据已完全可以给出最大余震震级的有效下限。此外,计算中我们采用了里氏震级ML和面波震级MS的余震目录,结果显示,2种震级类型目录的估算结果完全一致,表明利用推定最大余震震级估算实际最大余震震级的方法不受震级类型的影响。据此,该最大余震震级快速评估方法可进一步推广应用于我国大陆地区中强震后强余震灾害分析评估中。目前的拟合技术也显示出随着测震技术的不断进步以及余震识别能力的提高,快速评估方法可以在主震后短时间(<1天)内准确地预测可能发生的最大余震震级。  相似文献   

11.
The 2018,Songyuan,Jilin M_S5. 7 earthquake occurred at the intersection of the FuyuZhaodong fault and the Second Songhua River fault. The moment magnitude of this earthquake is M_W5. 3,the centroid depth by the waveform fitting is 12 km,and it is a strike-slip type event. In this paper,with the seismic phase data provided by the China Earthquake Network, the double-difference location method is used to relocate the earthquake sequence,finally the relocation results of 60 earthquakes are obtained. The results show that the aftershock zone is about 4. 3km long and 3. 1km wide,which is distributed in the NE direction. The depth distribution of the seismic sequence is 9km-10 km. 1-2 days after the main shock,the aftershocks were scattered throughout the aftershock zone,and the largest aftershock occurred in the northeastern part of the aftershock zone. After 3-8 days,the aftershocks mainly occurred in the southwestern part of the aftershock zone. The profile distribution of the earthquake sequence shows that the fault plane dips to the southeast with the dip angle of about 75°. Combined with the regional tectonic setting,focal mechanism solution and intensity distribution,we conclude that the concealed fault of the Fuyu-Zhaodong fault is the seismogenic fault of the Songyuan M_S5. 7 earthquake. This paper also relocates the earthquake sequence of the previous magnitude 5. 0 earthquake in 2017. Combined with the results of the focal mechanism solution,we believe that the two earthquakes have the same seismogenic structure,and the earthquake sequence generally develops to the southwest. The historical seismic activity since 2009 shows that after the magnitude 5. 0 earthquake in 2017,the frequency and intensity of earthquakes in the earthquake zone are obviously enhanced,and attention should be paid to the development of seismic activity in the southwest direction of the earthquake zone.  相似文献   

12.
2018年9月4日新疆伽师发生MS5.5地震,震中处于塔里木地块西北缘,位于1997~1998年伽师强震群震区内。此次伽师地震前发生了MS4.7前震,截至9月30日最大余震震级为MS4.6(ML5.0),初步判定为前-主-余型地震序列。序列精定位结果显示,余震沿近NE向展布,主震震源深度与1997~1998年伽师强震主震基本一致,发震断层陡立。本文从区域的构造环境、地震震源机制解和余震分布特征等方面分析认为,地震发生在伽师隐伏断裂东南端部,为1997~1998年伽师强震群震区的一次新的构造活动。序列参数、视应力等计算结果显示,伽师MS5.5地震的预测最大余震震级与最大余震震级MS4.6接近,表明序列最大余震已经发生。  相似文献   

13.
The earthquake stress-drop values of two sequences were accurately calculated after taking away the effects due to regional earthquake anelastic attenuation and station site response, using waveform data and seismic phase data of sequences of the Jinggu MS6.6, and Ludian MS6.5 earthquakes in Yunnan. These results show that the stress drop with magnitude increases within the scope of this study of magnitude. After eliminating the influence of the magnitude, the average value of stress-drop in the Jinggu sequence is higher than that of the Ludian sequence at the same magnitude range. This may be related to the stress state in different regions. In terms of the changes of time and space of stress-drop, before MS5.8 strong aftershock, the stress-drop is "slowing down-turning up-keeping a high value" after the mainshock, meanwhile, almost all of the abnormally high stress drop value is distributed around the MS5.8 strong aftershock, showing that the stress environment in the region was increasing after the mainshock. And after the MS5.9 strong aftershock, stress-drop rapidly declines to a relatively stable state, meanwhile, the high value of stress-drop is distributed around the strong aftershock, showing that the regional tectonic stress gets more fully release, its stress environment begins to rapidly decrease. For the Ludian sequence without a strong aftershock occurring, the average value of stress drop is lower than that of the Jinggu earthquake sequence at the same magnitude range, while at the same time, the stress-drop of the aftershock sequence almost hasn''t changed much. In the time after the mainshock, combined with the release characteristics of the main energy, the stress in the region is excessively released, the subsequent stress in the region gradually returns to normal. This may be the reason why the activity of Ludian aftershocks significantly was weaker and subsequently there were no strong aftershocks occurred.  相似文献   

14.
The 2022 Menyuan MS6.9 earthquake, which occurred on January 8, is the most destructive earthquake to occur near the Lenglongling (LLL) fault since the 2016 Menyuan MS6.4 earthquake. We relocated the mainshock and aftershocks with phase arrival time observations for three days after the mainshock from the Qinghai Seismic Network using the double-difference method. The total length and width of the aftershock sequence are approximately 32 km and 5 km, respectively, and the aftershocks are mainly concentrated at a depth of 7–12 km. The relocated sequence can be divided into 18 km west and 13 km east segments with a boundary approximately 5 km east of the mainshock, where aftershocks are sparse. The east and west fault structures revealed by aftershock locations differ significantly. The west fault strikes EW and inclines to the south at a 71º–90º angle, whereas the east fault strikes 133º and has a smaller dip angle. Elastic strain accumulates at conjunctions of faults with different slip rates where it is prone to large earthquakes. Based on surface traces of faults, the distribution of relocated earthquake sequence and surface ruptures, the mainshock was determined to have occurred at the conjunction of the Tuolaishan (TLS) fault and LLL fault, and the west and east segments of the aftershock sequence were on the TLS fault and LLL fault, respectively. Aftershocks migrate in the early and late stages of the earthquake sequence. In the first 1.5 h after the mainshock, aftershocks expand westward from the mainshock. In the late stage, seismicity on the northeast side of the east fault is higher than that in other regions. The migration rate of the west segment of the aftershock sequence is approximately 4.5 km/decade and the afterslip may exist in the source region.  相似文献   

15.
A MS8.0 earthquake occurred in Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province, China, on May 12, 2008, and subsequently, numerous aftershocks followed. We obtained the moment tensor solutions and source time functions (STFs) for the Wenchuan earthquake and its seven larger aftershocks (MS5.0~6.0) by a new technique of moment tensor inversion using the broadband and long-period seismic waveform data from the Global Seismic Network (GSN). Firstly, the theoretical background and technical flow of the new technique was briefly introduced, and an aftershock of the Wenchuan earthquake sequence was employed to illustrate the real procedure for inverting the moment tensor; secondly, the moment tensor solutions and STFs of the eight events, including the main shock, were presented, and finally, the interpretation of the results was made. The agreement of our results with the GCMT results indicates the new approach is efficient and feasible. By using this approach, not only the moment tensor solution can be obtained but also the STF can be retrieved; the inverted STFs indicate that the source rupture process may be com-plicated even for the moderate earthquakes. The inverted focal mechanisms of the Wenchuan earthquake sequence show that the most of the aftershocks occurred in the main faults of the Longmenshan fault zone with predomi-nantly thrustingwith minor right-lateral strike-slip component, but some of them may have occurred in the sub-faults with strike-slip faulting in the vicinity of the main faults.  相似文献   

16.
采用双差定位方法,利用中国地震台网的数据对2017年8月9日精河6.6级地震的余震序列进行了重新定位。截至2017年8月14日16时,共获得209个余震的重新定位结果。结果显示,余震主要呈近EW向或NWW向分布,余震区长约50km,宽约17km。余震分布在主震的西侧,推断此次地震单侧破裂。余震震源深度为1~25km,其中,震级较大余震深度为8~17km。精河地震序列的余震活动随时间呈起伏状衰减,震后2天内比较活跃,此后出现较快衰减。随时间推移,余震区呈现中西部衰减慢、东部衰减快的特点。此次地震震中距2011年精河5.0级地震震中21km,相比2011年精河地震,其震源更深,震级更大,但震源机制解相近,均为逆冲型。结合区域构造背景分析认为,库松木契克山前断裂为此次地震发震构造的可能性较大。  相似文献   

17.
采用CAP方法反演2010年玉树7.1级地震序列前震、主震及余震19个ML≥4.0事件的震源机制解,19个结果以走滑类型为主,前震、主震的震源机制解十分接近,反映出前震、主震之间密切的联系;震源深度集中在7~12 km,震源最浅(4.5 km)与最深(34 km)的两个余震事件具有明显的逆冲性质,表现出明显的边界特征;19个事件的震中分布在甘孜-玉树断裂北支玉树-隆宝断裂上,目前已经证明该断裂即为玉树地震的发震构造。自SE-NW沿玉树-隆宝断裂走向拉一剖面,观察震源深度沿剖面的变化情况,可看出玉树-隆宝断裂西北段震源深度要大于东南段,该段主要是余震活动的中后期,因此在地震活动的中后期,余震向地壳深部扩展,断裂累积的应变能得到更进一步的释放;P轴方位角优势分布集中在220°~230°,T轴方位优势分布集中在310°~320°,两个优势分布互相垂直性与单个事件的沙滩球应力轴一样,说明玉树地震的震源机制解类型较为简单;玉树周边地区应力场分布比较均匀,并不像汶川周边地区那么复杂,本次玉树地震为巴颜喀拉地块与羌塘块体边界处甘孜-玉树断裂应变能量的正常释放。  相似文献   

18.
The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture earthquake (MJMA 6.8) and its aftershock sequences generated complicated, i.e., several conjugate fault planes in their source region. In order to understand the generating process of these earthquakes, we estimated a 3-D distribution of relative scattering coefficients in the source region. The large slip area during the main shock rupture seems to be bounded by strong heterogeneous zones with larger scattering coefficients. Hypocenters of the main shock and major large aftershocks with M 5-6 classes tend to be located close to stronger scattering areas. We found that one of these strong heterogeneities already existed before the occurrence of the M 5.9 aftershock on November 8. We suppose that heterogeneous structures in the source region of this earthquake sequence affected the initiation and growth of ruptures of the main shock and major large aftershocks.  相似文献   

19.
Introduction On January 10, 1998, at 11h50min Beijing Time (03h50min UTC), an earthquake of ML=6.2 occurred in the border region between the Zhangbei County and Shangyi County of Hebei Province. In total 87 events with ML3.0 were recorded by Beijing Telemetry Seismic Network (BTSN) before March of 1999. Before relocation the preliminary hypocenters determined by BTSN showed an epicentral distribution of 25 km long and 25 km wide without any predominate orientation. The epicentral a…  相似文献   

20.
杨萍  张辉  冯建刚 《地震工程学报》2017,39(1):150-153,185
采用CAP(Cut and Paste)方法反演了2015年11月23日青海祁连MS5.2主震的震源机制解,其最佳双力偶解:节面Ⅰ走向109°、倾角58°、滑动角21°,节面Ⅱ走向8°、倾角72°、滑动角146°,矩震级MW5.16,矩心震源深度约为9 km。结合震区的活动构造,判定发震断层面为节面Ⅰ,推测托勒山北缘活动断裂中段为此次地震的发震断裂。  相似文献   

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