首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
相似文献
 共查询到20条相似文献,搜索用时 171 毫秒
1.
罗布泊盐湖钙芒硝岩孔隙中蕴藏有超大型规模的卤水钾矿,富钾卤水成因一直备受关注。罗北凹地从统一的罗布泊大湖区中分隔出来后,成盐过程中其湖水仍以南部大湖的补给为主,罗北凹地卤水化学演化与"大耳朵"湖水密切相关。"大耳朵"湖区含石膏碎屑层普遍储藏有卤水,应该是罗北凹地盐湖的"源卤水",钾离子(ρ(K~+)为3.12 g/L左右)已初步富集,平均矿化度为198.83 g/L。为了查明该卤水的化学演化趋势及析盐序列,笔者于2009年、2010年两次采集了大量卤水样品,分别进行室内等温蒸发和自然蒸发实验。蒸发实验结果表明:随着卤水浓缩首先析出(硬)石膏,随后析出大量石盐,最后出现少量钾石盐和光卤石,与EQL/EVP卤水蒸发模型模拟结果相似。将碎屑层卤水蒸发过程中化学组成变化与罗北凹地卤水进行对比,结果显示罗布泊古湖水蒸发至石膏沉积之后,在罗北凹地水化学组成明显发生变化,没有大量石盐沉积,而以钙芒硝沉积为主。推测应是受到深部"富钙水"的持续补给,而"大耳朵"湖起到"预备盆地"的作用,罗布泊古湖水经"大耳朵"湖蒸发浓缩后,钾离子得到初步富集,在流入罗北凹地后与深部"富钙"水混合,强烈蒸发浓缩,大量钙芒硝矿物析出,最后形成富钾卤水。  相似文献   

2.
李宝玲  乔小娟  宋凡  周鹏鹏 《水文》2018,38(2):73-80
阿拉善左旗诺日公是我国典型干旱区,地下水是该区主要的供水水源。水化学研究对地下水流动过程具有指示意义。以阿拉善诺日公地区地下水为研究对象进行水文地球化学特征分析,研究表明:从北部基岩隆起区到豪斯布尔都盆地中心,地下水水化学特征呈现一定的规律性,水化学类型由低矿化度的Na-HCO_3·Cl、Na-Cl·HCO_3型,逐渐过渡到盆地中心排泄区高矿化度的Na-SO_4·Cl、Na-Cl·SO_4型水,水质状况变差,由淡水逐步过渡到微咸水。区域地下水整体从西北向东南排泄,TDS的升高较好地指示了地下水的径流方向。蒸发作用是本区地下水化学构成的主控因素,同时溶滤作用、离子交换作用及人类活动对地下水化学成分也有影响。本研究为该地区水资源评价及优化配置提供了科学依据。  相似文献   

3.
刘亚伟  张士万  刘涛  黄华  陈金荣 《矿床地质》2013,32(6):1291-1299
首次对江陵凹陷深层天然卤水成因进行研究,初步明确江陵凹陷的天然卤水为沉积成因,具有分布广、矿化度高等特点。其中砂岩中天然卤水高矿化度分布具有明显的规律性,即越靠近洼陷或盐岩地层,天然卤水的矿化度越高;并通过化学成分分析,表明了江陵凹陷存在大量富含微量元素卤水的流体矿床,且矿化度越高所含的微量元素含量越高,部分元素为国家紧缺矿产资源,如钾、铷、铯等。  相似文献   

4.
沉积盆地油田卤水中蕴藏着锂、铷、铯等战略性关键矿产资源, 其成因研究具有重要意义。本次研究采集了江汉盆地潜江凹陷王场地区地下卤水样品18件, 测试了其化学组成, 分析了卤水的水化学特征、元素相关性和特征系数, 探讨了该地区深层卤水成因。研究区卤水赋存于古近系潜江组砂岩中, 矿化度(TDS)平均值为260.04 g/L, 水化学类型为Cl-Na型, pH值在7.03~8.01之间。与往年相比, 潜江凹陷卤水矿化度呈逐年下降趋势, 可能与油田的开采注水有关。Na、Cl含量与TDS呈现了明显的正相关性, Li、K、B和Br含量随着TDS增加而升高, 而Ca含量随着TDS增加呈下降趋势, 可能揭示了原生沉积卤水蒸发浓缩的过程。高的钠氯系数(1.09~1.21)和氯溴系数(480~1547.60)以及低的钾氯系数(3.75~14.82)表明了来自石盐溶解的贡献, 波动的钙镁系数和脱硫系数反映了不均一的封闭性和变质程度, 从潜一段至潜四段封闭性变好、变质程度变高。研究区地下卤水为陆相盐湖原生蒸发沉积, 有明显石盐淋滤的物源补给, 储集空间整体封闭性较差, 变质程度较低。  相似文献   

5.
河西走廊黑河流域地下水化学特征研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
白福  杨小荟 《西北地质》2007,40(3):105-110
黑河流域地处西北内陆干旱区,受径流蒸发和溶滤作用的控制,地下水水化学最重要的特征是自补给区至排泄区具有典型的水平分带性和垂直倒置分异规律。水平方向从祁连山山前洪积扇顶部到冲、洪积细土平原北部的盐沼(盐地),表层地下水的矿化度随着径流长度的增加而增高,由淡水过渡为咸水并达到卤水阶段,化学组分亦相应的由HCO3--Na -Ca 型递变为SO42--HCO3--Na -Ca2 型、SO42--Cl--Na -Ca2 型直到Cl--SO42--Na 型、Cl--Na 型,每个水化学带与一定的地貌单元相联系。垂向上在淡承压水分布的区域,上部潜水矿化度0.5~4.0g/L,下部承压水矿化度小于1g/L,且随着深度的增加矿化度降低。  相似文献   

6.
采用岩石薄片鉴定、X射线衍射分析、扫描电镜以及元素地球化学等分析测试手段,对罗布泊盐湖罗北凹地杂卤石的沉积和分布特征进行了研究。结果显示,罗北凹地杂卤石主要发育于含盐系中上部,或以质地较纯的层状杂卤石岩产出,或与钙芒硝/石盐/白钠镁矾共同产出。杂卤石有交代和原生两种成因类型:前者是罗北凹地杂卤石产出的主要类型,是罗布泊硫酸盐型盐湖自身蒸发析出产物,在盐湖演化中后期交代钙芒硝或者石膏形成;后者可能为富钙卤水补给富钾镁盐湖形成。罗北凹地杂卤石的分布具有在南北方向上南厚北薄、在东西方向上中间厚两侧薄的特点,对应的KCl含量也同样具有南高北低、中间高两侧低的特点,它们的分布特征明显受控于区域构造活动,构造导致的沉降区有利于杂卤石聚集成矿。本区杂卤石矿埋藏浅、规模较大,可作为后备钾盐资源。  相似文献   

7.
薛东青  谢明忠  李少虎  杜丽媛  刘咏康  李鹏 《地质论评》2021,67(6):67120019-67120019
浅层地下水是任丘市重要的水资源之一,为研究其水化学特征及其形成机制,本文在实地调查取样分析化验的基础上,以水文地球化学理论为指导,借助多元数理统计的方法,从多个角度揭示了研究区浅层地下水的形成演化过程:① 通过离散分析,认为研究区各主要离子变异系数较大,说明研究区浅层地下水受人为影响明显,水化学特征复杂。 ② 通过相关分析,认为Na+、Ca2+、Mg2+、Cl-、以及SO2-4为研究区原始浅层地下水主要离子,而HCO-3与NO-3为外来离子且异源;③ 通过聚类分析,可将研究区浅层地下水分为A、B、C三类,其中A类处于Gibbs图中岩石风化端元,矿化度较低,为微咸水或淡水,含HCO-3和NO-3,受农业灌溉水影响;B类处于Gibbs图中岩石风化端元向蒸发浓缩端元过渡,矿化度居中,为微咸水,NO-3含量相对较高,受生活污水影响;C类地下水处于Gibbs图中蒸发浓缩端元,矿化度较高,以咸水为主,与地表水体连通性差,接近原始浅层地下水化学类型。④ 通过主成分分析,认为研究区原始地下水化学类型为SO2-4·Cl-—Na+型及SO2-4·Cl-—Na+·Ca2+型,受干旱环境下蒸发和海水入侵双重影响。  相似文献   

8.
关中盆地浅层地下水地球化学的形成演化机制   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
在对关中盆地浅层地下水169个水化学数据分析的基础上,运用图解法、数理统计法及Phreeqc模拟等方法对关中盆地浅层地下水水文地球化学形成演化机制进行系统研究,取得了一些新的认识。按含水介质及地下水循环特征,将浅层地下水系统大致划分为强烈径流区、缓慢径流区、排泄区。不同水动力分区中,地下水化学类型具有一定的分带性,从强烈径流区、缓慢径流区至排泄区,地下水的化学类型由HCO3-Ca·Mg型经过HCO3-Ca·Mg·Na型逐步演化为SO4·Cl-Na型。地下水强烈径流区,地下水化学组分的形成主要以碳酸盐、硅酸盐等矿物岩石风化作用为主,缓慢径流区以多种作用为主,排泄区由Na-Ca阳离子交换及蒸发浓缩作用控制。  相似文献   

9.
文章对罗布泊盐湖区杂卤石、光卤石、钾盐镁矾等不同类型固体钾盐矿物特征、分布及成因进行了分析总结。杂卤石主要产于罗北凹地内部沉降区,以交代成因类型为主,代表了以硫酸盐型卤水为主体的罗布泊盐湖残余卤水钾镁富集到一定程度与石膏、钙芒硝发生水-盐反应的产物。光卤石沉积主要产于断陷带(近)地表,为深部氯化物型卤水经断裂向上运移至地表、与浅部卤水掺杂经蒸发浓缩而成。钾盐镁矾主要产于南小团地区,其形成可能与凹陷基底反转、罗北凹地高浓度卤水回灌有关。罗布泊盐湖区不同类型的固体钾盐沉积是构造-物源-气候3种成钾要素在特定时间窗下耦合的产物:在干旱气候条件下,构造活动一方面导致盆地地貌分异形成更加封闭的成钾次级凹地,为钾盐沉积提供可容纳空间;另一方面活化断裂为深部流体补给盐湖提供通道,为钾盐沉积提供不同类型的物质来源,改变盐湖卤水化学组成最终形成不同类型钾盐矿物。  相似文献   

10.
柴达木盆地西部卤水特征及成因探讨   总被引:15,自引:0,他引:15  
柴达木盆地自中生代末-新生代初以来,四周山体不断抬升,形成"高山深盆"的沉积环境,为盆地带来了大量盐类物质,再加上新近纪干旱封闭的气候环境,使得其西部沉积了广阔而厚层的岩盐.在对柴达木盆地西部新近系、第四系地层出露盐矿点实地考察的过程中,采集、分析了18件卤水样品的水化学组成.结果表明,卤水矿化度高,油田卤水富B3 、Li 、Sr2 和Br-等有益组分,其前缘第四纪形成的盐湖也有大量K 资源分布.通过离子含量及水化学特征系数,查明了卤水的水化学类型主要为氯化物型和硫酸镁亚型,地表浅层卤水富Mg2 、SO24-贫Ca2 ,而油田卤水富Ca2 ,贫Mg2 、SO24-.反映了油田卤水具有深部CaCl2型水体的特征,这种富Ca2 的卤水可能与白云岩化作用使卤水中的Ca2 增加而Mg2 减少,以及硫酸盐的还原作用使SO24-减少有关;地表浅层卤水接近青海湖湖水蒸发线,说明盆地卤水主要是由大气降水汇聚蒸发形成.通过卤水氢氧同位素的分析,发现卤水明显偏离于大气降水线,发生了明显的"氧同位素正漂移"现象,且卤水演化趋势线和当地大气降水线的交点与周围山体前缘的盐泉水的氢氧同位素值相近,地表浅层卤水主要分布在大气降水线附近,而油田卤水集中分布在变质水的范围内.说明地表浅层卤水主要是由大气降水汇聚而形成的;而深部油田卤水推测基本上来源于冰雪融水或雨水补给,这些冰雪融水或雨水沿着断裂带下渗,在迁移的途中发生了变质作用和深部地热水体掺杂作用,形成了深部油田卤水.  相似文献   

11.
New and more complete compositional data are presented for a large number of water samples from the Lake Magadi area, Kenya. These water samples range from dilute inflow (<0.1 g/kg dissolved solids) to very concentrated brines (>300 g/kg dissolved solids). Five distinct hydrologic stages can be recognized in the evolution of the water compositions: dilute streamflow, dilute ground water, saline ground water (or hot spring reservoir), saturated brines, and residual brines. Based on the assumption that chloride is conserved in the waters during evaporative concentration, these stages are related to each other by the concentration factors of about 1:28:870:7600:16,800.Dilute streamflow is represented by perennial streams entering the Rift Valley from the west. All but one (Ewaso Ngiro) of these streams disappear in the alluvium and do not reach the valley floor. Dilute ground water was collected from shallow pits and wells dug into lake sediments and alluvial channels. Saline ground water is roughly equivalent to the hot springs reservoir postulated by Eugster (1970) and is represented by the hottest of the major springs. Saturated brines represent surficial lake brines just at the point of saturation with respect to trona (Na2CO3.NaHCO3.2H2O), while residual brines are essentially interstitial to the evaporite deposit and have been subjected to a complex history of precipitation and re-solution.The new data confirm the basic hydrologic model presented by Eugster (1970) which has now been refined, particularly with respect to the early stages of evaporative concentration. Budget calculations show that only bromide is conserved as completely as chloride. Sodium follows chloride closely until trona precipitation, whereas silica and sulfate are largely lost during the very first concentration' step (dilute streamflow-dilute ground water). A large fraction of potassium and all calcium plus magnesium are removed during the first two concentration steps (dilute streamflow-dilute ground water-saline ground water). Carbonate and bicarbonate are the dominant anions, and mechanisms by which they are extracted from the solution include precipitation of alkali and alkaline-earth carbonates, and degassing, as well as precipitation and re-solution of efflorescent crusts. Much sulfate is apparently lost from solution by sorption as well as subsurface reduction.Seasonal runoff, principally from the valley floor north of Lake Magadi, is considered to be the principal recharge to the Magadi ground water system. Evaporative concentration is the overall process responsible for the chemical evolution of the brines. This includes not only simple evaporation, but also mineral precipitation as films and cements in the unsaturated zone, re-solution, and reprecipitation of efflorescent crusts, with consequent recycling of salts. In fact, a large fraction of the solutes are acquired through dissolution of efflorescent crusts.Data were obtained for borehole brines from as deep as 297 m. They show the existence of two distinct brine bodies below the present lake, one shallow, coexistent with bedded salts, and highly concentrated (260 g/kg average dissolved solids), and the other deeper in lacustrine sediments or fractured lavas, and only half as concentrated.  相似文献   

12.
青海察尔汗盐湖别勒滩区段杂卤石成因及其成钾指示意义   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
牛雪  焦鹏程  曹养同  赵艳军  刘斌山 《地质学报》2015,89(11):2087-2095
别勒滩区段位于青海察尔汗盐湖西部,前人认为察尔汗盐湖固体钾盐矿物以光卤石为主,在别勒滩区段西部发现有杂卤石,但并未引起足够重视,对杂卤石成因未做详细研究。本文通过对别勒区段七个钻孔样品的矿物鉴定及地球化学分析,发现别勒滩区段杂卤石以原生和准同生交代方式赋存,且以后者为主,多交代石膏等硫酸盐矿物产出,少量出现交代石盐现象。杂卤石主要分布于别勒滩中西部地区,整个别勒滩区段自西向东出现了以杂卤石为主渐变为以钾石盐—光卤石为主的分布规律。结合别勒滩区段晶间卤水的补给条件,研究认为别勒滩区段杂卤石形成是涩聂湖硫酸镁亚型湖水与先期形成的盐类矿物发生交代反应的结果。别勒滩地区杂卤石作为典型的陆相成因,对研究海相蒸发岩矿床中普遍存在的杂卤石成因具有一定的对比借鉴意义,海相蒸发岩矿床中的杂卤石可能是盆地形成的内陆盐湖湖水与早期沉积的盐类矿物发生交代反应形成,对寻找海相钾盐有一定的指示意义。  相似文献   

13.
大柴旦盐湖卤水的现场扩大蒸发试验初探   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
为了研究硫酸铁亚型卤水在自然蒸发时的相化学,确定钾盐、硼酸、镁盐的结晶特性,把小型自然蒸发试验与现场扩大试验数据进行了比较。  相似文献   

14.
新疆罗布泊盐湖卤水资源综合开发研究   总被引:10,自引:3,他引:7       下载免费PDF全文
罗布泊盐湖赋存有丰富的含钾硫酸镁亚型卤水,现已探明仅罗北凹地区段孔隙度储量2.67×109t(折合KCl),属特大型钾盐卤水矿藏,是生产硫酸钾的理想原料;此外,卤水中含有丰富的钠、镁、锂、硼等资源,综合回收利用价值较大。本文针对罗布泊盐湖卤水资源,在有效利用盐湖钾资源同时,加快其他共生资源的综合开发进程,将新疆罗布泊盐湖资源开发建设推向持续、合理、有效、高值的循环经济发展的道路,为国家西部经济开发做出贡献。  相似文献   

15.
新疆莎车盆地古新世断续海侵环境下发育阿尔塔什组巨厚的石膏岩,古新世早期盐湖沉积范围位于西昆仑及南天山山前,伴随着后期海侵范围的进一步扩大,盐湖沉积范围覆盖整个莎车盆地。论文通过对西昆仑及南天山山前5口石油钻井剖面中阿尔塔什组含盐系地层开展钻孔岩屑地球化学分析,认为古新世早期盐湖中钾、钠、钙、镁、硫酸根变化趋势基本符合盐湖蒸发浓缩趋势。盐湖受海水断续注入的影响,古新世早期至少经历了2次浓缩期和1次浓缩趋势,及至少3期卤水淡化,暗示阿尔塔什组发育早期盐湖至少经历了3次不同时期的海侵过程。西昆仑及南天山山前2个含盐系剖面露头中石膏硫同位素确定古新世早期莎车盆地经历了从海相至海陆交互相蒸发岩沉积环境的转变。其中西昆仑山前中段的阿尔塔什地区为海相蒸发岩沉积环境,该时期盐湖经历了3次海侵,与钻井岩屑地球化学分析结果相一致;莎车盆地西北部的大山口地区,经历了海陆交互相 海相 海陆交互相 海相的沉积环境转变,该区海陆交互相含盐系地层发育可能受南天山山前较高古地势控制或山区淡水补给盐湖的影响,而西昆仑山前中段的海相蒸发岩环境,反映出莎车前陆盆地阿尔塔什地区古地势低于大山口地区,造成沉积环境差异。  相似文献   

16.
柴达木黑北凹地深部砂砾石层内的承压水是近期在柴达木西部新发现的规模巨大的孔隙卤水,水位埋深8~24 m,接近地表;富水性中等偏强;矿化度较高,KCl含量达到可开发利用的要求,井采时不易结盐,可作为后续开发钾盐的备选区域.离子统计分析结果显示,TDS、Cl-、Na+、Cs+、B2O3、Ca2+、Mg2+、Sr+、NO3-、Rb+在卤水中的浓度变化幅度小,分布较均匀;SO42-的变化幅度大,分布极不均匀;Br-、I-、Li+、K+变化幅度和均匀程度介于二者之间;Na+、Cl-、Ca2+、Sr2+、TDS呈正态负偏高峰态,K+、SO42-、Li+呈非正态正偏高峰态.成分聚类分析图中,K+、SO42-、Li+首先聚为一亚类,Cl-、TDS、Na+聚为一亚类.从离子含量变化曲线图中可以看到,该孔隙卤水从东至西,Na+、Cl-含量和变化趋势相同,且它们与TDS、B2O3的变化趋势相同.K+、SO42-、Mg2+三种组分含量较一致,变化趋势相同,且同时与Li+的变化趋势相同.孔隙卤水钠氯系数CNa/CCl值为0.85~0.96,溴氯系数为0.01~0.34,与盐岩溶滤卤水接近.在Na+、K+、Mg2+//Cl--H2O四元体系和Na+、K+、Mg2+//Cl-、SO42--H2O五元体系25 ℃介稳相图中反映出2种析盐规律,一种为硫酸镁亚型,另一种是氯化物型.其形成可能与化学沉积层中高矿化度晶间卤水与砂砾石层中原始孔隙(淡)水相互作用有关.   相似文献   

17.
柴达木盆地西部卤水水化学特征与找钾研究   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
柴达木盆地自中生代末-新生代初以来,四周山体不断抬升,形成"高山深盆"的沉积环境,为盆地带来了大量盐类物质,再加上晚第三纪干旱封闭的气候环境,使其西部沉积了广阔而厚层的盐岩.在对柴达木盆地西部第三系、第四系地层出露盐矿点实地考察的过程中,采集、分析了22件水样品的水化学组成,通过K+含量及一些水化学系数变化特征的研究,查明了卤水的水化学类型主要为氯化物型和硫酸镁亚型,其成因基本属溶滤岩盐卤水、深部循环水以及二者的混合水体,Br-、B3+、Sr2+、Li+等微量离子含量较高,区域差异性较大,出现显著水化学系数异常;相比之下,柴达木盆地西部南翼山坳陷Br-、B3、Sr2+、Li+含量值明显高于昆特依、察汗斯拉图、油砂山、开特米里克、油泉子、油墩子等坳陷区.Br×103/Cl、K×103/Cl等具找钾意义的水化学系数比其他地区高1~2倍,Br-、K+出现相对的富积,推测该坳陷成盐原始卤水曾浓缩达到较高析盐阶段或可能有大量深部富钾水体的补给,可作为寻找钾盐矿(富钾卤水)重点区域之一.  相似文献   

18.
The Lanping Basin in the Nujiang‐Lancangjiang‐Jinshajiang (the Sanjiang) area of northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau is an important part of eastern Tethyan metallogenic domain. This basin hosts a number of large unique sediment‐hosted Pb‐Zn polymetallic deposits or ore districts, such as the Baiyangping ore concentration area which is one of the representative ore district. The Baiyangping ore concentration area can be divided into the east and west ore belts, which were formed in a folded tectogene of the India‐Asia continental collisional setting and was controlled by a large reverse fault. Field observations reveal that the Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary strata were outcropped in the mining area, and that the orebodies are obviously controlled by faults and hosted in sandstone and carbonate rocks. However, the ore‐forming elements in the east ore belt are mainly Pb‐Zn‐Sr‐Ag, while Pb‐Zn‐Ag‐Cu‐Co elements are dominant in the west ore belt. Comparative analysis of the C‐O‐Sr‐S‐Pb isotopic compositions suggest that both ore belts had a homogeneous carbon source, and the carbon in hydrothermal calcite is derived from the dissolution of carbonate rock strata; the ore‐forming fluids were originated from formation water and precipitate water, which belonged to basin brine fluid system; sulfur was from organic thermal chemical sulfate reduction and biological sulfate reduction; the metal mineralization material was from sedimentary strata and basement, but the difference of the material source of the basement and the strata and the superimposed mineralization of the west ore belt resulted in the difference of metallogenic elements between the eastern and western metallogenic belts. The Pb‐Zn mineralization age of both ore belts was contemporary and formed in the same metallogenetic event. Both thrust formed at the same time and occurred at the Early Oligocene, which is consistent with the age constrained by field geological relationship.  相似文献   

19.
The evolution of magnesium chloride brines with high bromide contents via a multistage reaction and dissolution process has been studied in brine seeps of a German potash mine. The observed chemical trends and phase equilibria can be modeled and interpreted in terms of a NaCl solution (cap rock brine) infiltrating into a potash zone characterized by the metamorphic mineral assemblage kieserite + sylvite + halite + anhydrite. Establishment of a persistent, stable equilibrium assemblage and constant fluid composition in the invariant point IP1 of the six component (Na-K-Mg-Ca-Cl-SO4-H2O) system of oceanic salts is prevented by the perpetually renewed input of NaCl-brine and by the intermittent exposure of incompatible kieserite. Instead, the solutions develop towards the metastable invariant point IP1(gy), with the mineral assemblage carnallite + polyhalite + sylvite + halite + gypsum, where gypsum takes the place of anhydrite (stage I). The temporary exposure of kieserite and the ensuing formation of polyhalite effectively buffer the solutions along the metastable polyhalite phase boundary during stages II and III. Eventually, in stage IV, polyhalite becomes depleted and admixture of more NaCl brine leads to low sulfate solution compositions, which are now only constrained by carnallite + sylvite + halite, and the once hexary system degenerates to a quaternary one (Na-K-Mg-Cl-H2O) in point E. Bromide in brines shows equilibrium partitioning with respect to the wall rock minerals. The pattern of evolving brine compositions may serve as a model for similar brine occurrences, which in some cases may have been misinterpreted as remains of fossil, highly concentrated and chemically modified seawater. Similar magnesium chloride brines of salt lakes (e.g., Dead Sea, Dabusun Lake) show subtle differences and are constrained by fewer mineral equilibria (more degrees of freedom), and their low sulfate contents are due to gypsum precipitation, driven by calcium chloride input from dolomitization reactions. Finally, the observed reaction sequence is generalized, and a model for the formation of magnesium sulfate depleted, chloride-type potash salts and bischofite deposits by leaching of sulfate-type evaporites is proposed.  相似文献   

20.
The study of “productive” intervals of the Gremyachinsk potash deposit showed that the precipitation of potassic and potassic–magnesium salts was accompanied by large-scale desalting of sodium chloride owing to the interaction of concentrated solutions from the given part of the saliferous basin with diluted solutions. The constant influx of diluted brine was characterized by the high content of sodium chloride, which led to the large-scale precipitation of halite as lenses, crusts, and accumulations of random morphology. Based on the ultramicrochemical analysis of the composition of brine inclusions in halites of different stages of densification, it is suggested that this process was accompanied by the growth of K ion concentrations in the brine and the subsequent desalting of potassium chloride in the carnallite stage brine with the formation of rocks of the carnallite–sylvinite paragenesis.  相似文献   

设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号