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1.
The characteristics of Asian dust events that occurred in Northeast Asia during the springtime from 1993 to 2004 are investigated using 3-hourly SYNOP reports (World Meteorological Organization). Occurrences of blowing sand and dust storm are low in 1997 and 1999, but have increased rapidly since 2000. The maximum occurrence was recorded in 2002. Wind velocity of 6.5 m s− 1 as a threshold wind velocity is not so exactly consistent with the occurrence of blowing sand. However, wind velocity of 14 m s− 1 as a strong wind causing dust storm had similar tendency to those of dust storm and Dust Storm Index.Source regions of Asian dust are divided into three regions (A: dry arid, B: semi-arid, and C: cultivated), based upon the occurrence of blowing sand and dust storm. Eight meteorological stations are selected in three regions, which have frequent occurrences of blowing sand. Source regions of Asian dust that affect the Korean peninsula are gradually extending eastward. Positive anomalies of NDVI occurred in 1994, 1995, and 1998 when temperature was high and precipitation was heavy. However, the frequent occurrence of the dust phenomena is not always consistent with lots of vegetation, high temperature, and much precipitation in this study.  相似文献   
2.
Daily and ten-day Normalized Difference Vegetation Index(NDVI) of crops were retrieved from meteorological statellite NOAA AVHRR images ,The temporal variations of the NDVI were analyzed during the whole growing season,and thus the principle of the interaction between NDIV profile and the growing status of crops was discussed,As a case in point,the relationship between integral NDVI and winter wheat yield of Henan Province in 1999 had been analyzed.By putting integral NDVI values of 60 sample counties into the winter wheat yield-integral NDVI coordination,scattering map was plotted. It demonstrated that integral NDVI had a close relation with winter wheat yield.These relation could be described with linear,cubic polynomial ,and exponential regression,and the cubic polynomial regression was the best way,In general ,NDVI reflects growing status of green vegetation ,so crop monitoring and crop yield estimation could be realized by using remote sensing technique on the basis of time serial NDVI data together with agriculture calendars.  相似文献   
3.
地表土壤水分含量的时空分布信息是十分重要的,常常作为水文模型、气候模型、生态模型的输入参数,同时,也是干旱预报、农作物估产等工作的重要指标。被动微波遥感是监测土壤含水量最有效的手段之一。相比红外与可见光,它具有波长长,穿透能力强的优势。相比主动微波雷达,被动微波辐射计具有监测面积大、周期短,受粗糙度影响小,对土壤水分更为敏感,算法更为成熟的优势。目前,已研究出许多反演土壤水分的方法.本课题的主要内容是借助AMSR-E土壤水分影像数据、MODIS归一化植被指数(NDVI)影像数据和MODIS分类影像数据,利用ENVI软件进行遥感图像数据处理,运用统计分析方法建立NDVI与土壤水分的经验模型,研究中国西部地区稀疏植被覆盖区土壤水分的反演。  相似文献   
4.
基于MODIS数据的浒苔信息提取方法研究   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
浒苔是一种大型绿藻,大量浒苔爆发会严重影响景观,干扰旅游观光和水上运动的进行。本文利用NASA提供的MODIS02的250m分辨率影像,分别采用了比值法、归一化植被指数法和监督分类中的最小距离分类,提取了浒苔的信息,实验结果表明,三者都可以提取浒苔信息,但是比值法提取的结果最好,最小距离分类很难与薄云区分,必须加入人工目视解译,归一化植被指数可以区分出薄云,但是遗漏较多。  相似文献   
5.
The significance of crop yield estimation is well known in agricultural management and policy development at regional and national levels. The primary objective of this study was to test the suitability of the method, depending on predicted crop production, to estimate crop yield with a MODIS-NDVI-based model on a regional scale. In this paper, MODIS-NDVI data, with a 250 m resolution, was used to estimate the winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield in one of the main winter-wheat-growing regions. Our study region is located in Jining, Shandong Province. In order to improve the quality of remote sensing data and the accuracy of yield prediction, especially to eliminate the cloud-contaminated data and abnormal data in the MODIS-NDVI series, the Savitzky–Golay filter was applied to smooth the 10-day NDVI data. The spatial accumulation of NDVI at the county level was used to test its relationship with winter wheat production in the study area. A linear regressive relationship between the spatial accumulation of NDVI and the production of winter wheat was established using a stepwise regression method. The average yield was derived from predicted production divided by the growing acreage of winter wheat on a county level. Finally, the results were validated by the ground survey data, and the errors were compared with the errors of agro-climate models. The results showed that the relative errors of the predicted yield using MODIS-NDVI are between −4.62% and 5.40% and that whole RMSE was 214.16 kg ha−1 lower than the RMSE (233.35 kg ha−1) of agro-climate models in this study region. A good predicted yield data of winter wheat could be got about 40 days ahead of harvest time, i.e. at the booting-heading stage of winter wheat. The method suggested in this paper was good for predicting regional winter wheat production and yield estimation.  相似文献   
6.
基于NDVI变化的三江源生态环境演变分区研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
在对1 km分辨率的1993年NOAA/AVHRR、2000年和2006年MODIS NDVI数据进行归一化处理的基础上,通过变化强度参量分析三江源地区NDVI的空间变化规律,结合源区内温度、降水、湖泊和湿地变化等调查资料,利用GIS空间分析技术综合研究三江源地区生态环境变化.结果表明:在1993-12000年和2000-2006年,三江源地区NDVI下降区域面积分别占源区总面积的50.73%和23.85%.三江源地区在20世纪90年代环境恶化严重,NDVI下降强烈,随着2000年8月三江源自然保护区的建立,该区环境治理取得良好效果,源区NDVI呈现稳定、轻微增加趋势,但局部地区仍存在NDVI下降趋势.综合分析温度、降水、湖泊、湿地和NDVI的变化状况表明,三江源环境变化存在显著区域特征.  相似文献   
7.
应用混合分布研究银川平原地下水埋深对植被的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
银川平原地处西北干旱地区,自然生态环境在西北地区具有典型性。研究银川平原的生态环境,需要研究植被,它反映多种因素的作用。在影响植被的各种因素中,地下水对植被生长的影响非常重要,但将地下水对植被生长的影响进行定量化分离并不容易。近年来,用混合分布函数处理大量数据的方法受到越来越多的关注,但是混合分布函数的参数求解一直比较困难。文章提出了一种基于混合分布函数和数据直方图之间的关系,用最小二乘法估计参数的新方法;并用这种方法,结合银川平原遥感数据中的归一化植被指数NDVI,对地下水埋深与植被生长的关系进行定量分析,得到地下水埋深对植被影响所服从的正态分布密度函数。  相似文献   
8.
By studying landscape form and patterns, we can study processes at multiple scales and determine how collectively those processes inform us about function(s). Integrating landscape ecology from a biogeographical perspective with geographic information science (GIScience) practices offers new ways to study how landscapes change over time and space, including how they can be measured, analyzed, and modeled for management needs. This article presents methodologies and selected results of analyzing spatial patterns from field data across multiple scales by examining standing dead tree (snag) processes across wildfire‐disturbed landscapes in Arizona. Our primary motivation was to illustrate a particular type of work benefiting from the coalescing of landscape ecology and GIScience, functioning at the methodological and practical overlap of these two contributing fields. Our management goals were to (1) describe spatial patterns and characteristics of snags in pairs of burned and unburned ponderosa pine forests of Arizona in four recent (within the past ten years) wildfires, (2) document bird response to wildfires by combining landscape ecology and GIScience methods, and (3) link these patterns to snag monitoring plots and cavity‐nesting bird use to predict the probability of snag use by birds and cavity nesters based on snag characteristics (snag use model). The methods and results demonstrate how integration of landscape ecology with both GIS and GIScience improves the ways to study landscapes and land management issues, in this case offering guidelines for retention of snags that provide habitat for wildlife.  相似文献   
9.
利用野外沙漠化调查的定位数据和ETM+ 遥感数据,在实验分析的基础上,探讨了沙漠化程度与地表参数之间的定量关系,即沙漠化与植被指数(NDVI)、地表辐射温度(LST)之间的关系,提出了综合反映沙漠化土地生物物理特征的遥感监测指数——沙漠化遥感监测差值指数(DDI),为沙漠化遥感监测提供有效的定量化方法。  相似文献   
10.
MODIS数据在乌鲁木齐地区植被景观动态监测中的应用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
根据EOS/MODIS卫星时次高覆盖面广的特征,选取从4.10月的MODIS晴空资料,对整个乌鲁木齐地区植被景观进行动态监测,利用植被指数最大合成法制作了每月植被指数专题图。为了能够结合物候更好地分析乌鲁木齐地区植被随季节变化趋势以及不同时期植被生长状况,我们还制作了植被景观专题图及其变化评价图。评价图的优势在于能直观地反映植被变化的趋势,并能将变化的程度数字化,还可以根据不同的评价图叠加DEM做相应的分析。为乌鲁木齐地区植被变化研究提供有效的依据。  相似文献   
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