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Normal alkanes and PAHs in atmospheric PM10 aerosols collected during 2008 winter and spring in Baoji, a mid-scale inland city of China, were determined on a molecular level. Concentrations of n-alkanes ranged from 232 to 3583 ng/m3 with an average of 1733 ng/m3 in winter and from 124 to 1160 ng/m3 with an average of 449 ng/m3 in spring, while PAHs in the PM10 samples were 594 ± 405 and 128 ± 82 ng/m3 in the two seasons. Molecular compositions showed that CPI (odd/even) values of n-alkanes were close to unity for all the samples especially in winter, and diagnostic ratios of PAHs (e.g., Phe/(Phe + Ant), CPAH/ΣPAHs and IcdP/(IcdP + BghiP)) were found similar to those in coal burning smoke with a strong linear relationship (R2 ≥ 0.85) between PAHs and fossil fuel derived n-alkanes, demonstrating that coal burning is the main source of n-alkanes and PAHs in the city, especially in winter due to house heating. Concentrations of the determined compounds in Baoji are much higher than those in Chinese mega-cities, suggesting that air pollution in small cities in the country is more serious and need more attention.  相似文献
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根据田间试验资料 ,讨论了不同地膜覆盖方式对麦田土壤温度、土壤有效水分含量以及小麦生长发育产量形成的综合影响。结果表明 :地膜覆盖具有显著的增温效应 ,可使春小麦生育期提前 ,产量提高 ,并可提高土壤有效水分的利用率。吐鲁番市地膜春麦最佳栽培方案应采用“膜下条播、3月初播种、525万株/hm2基本苗”。  相似文献
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