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1.
The tectonic transition from subduction to collision is a fundamental process during orogenesis, yet the magmatic expression of this transition and related deep geodynamic processes remain unclear. This study focuses on a newly identified volcanic belt within the Moyun–Zaduo–Sulu area of the North Qiangtang Block and presents new zircon U-Pb data that indicate that this belt formed during the Middle Triassic (247–241 Ma), a time characterized by a regional transition from subduction to collisional tectonism. The volcanic belt is located to the south of a Permian to Early Triassic arc and is dominated by high-K calc-alkaline and peraluminous rhyolites. These rhyolites have low Mg#, Nb/Ta, and δEu values, contain low contents of Sr, have high Rb/Sr and whole-rock εNd(t) values, and show positive zircon εHf(t) values, all of which suggest that they formed from magmas generated by the dehydration melting of juvenile crustal material. The migration of Middle Triassic volcanism in this region was most likely caused by rollback of the subducting Longmucuo–Shuanghu Tethyan oceanic slab. Combining our new data with previously published results of numerical modeling of subduction–collisional processes and regional data from north-central Tibet yields insights into the magmatic expressions and related deep geodynamics of the transition from oceanic subduction to continental collision. This combination of data also suggests that variations in oxygen fugacity can be used as a proxy for the discrimination of magmatism related to subduction, the transition from subduction to collision, and collisional tectonism.  相似文献   
2.
基于分布式控制力矩陀螺的水下航行器轨迹跟踪控制   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
基于控制力矩陀螺群(CMGs)的水下航行器具有低速或零速机动的能力。采用基于分布式CMGs的水下航行器方案,并研究其水平面的轨迹跟踪控制问题。通过全局微分同胚变换将非完全对称的动力学模型解耦成标准欠驱动控制模型,并根据简化的模型构建其轨迹跟踪的误差动力学模型,将轨迹跟踪控制问题转化为误差模型镇定问题。基于一种分流神经元模型和反步法设计了系统的轨迹跟踪控制律,该控制器不需要对任何虚拟控制输入进行求导计算,且能确保跟踪误差的最终一致有界性。仿真结果表明该控制器能够实现在不依赖动力学参数先验知识的情况下对光滑轨迹的有效跟踪。  相似文献   
3.
近年来,水产养殖用地分布广泛,但由于其在影像上所表现的复杂性和不均匀性,造成该用地类型提取中的困难,尤其针对中分辨率遥感影像。对此,本文提出了一种基于纹理和空间特征的养殖用地提取方法,该方法主要包括3个步骤:首先,利用纹理熵和归一化差异水体指数NDWI实现水产养殖用地的粗提取;然后,依据相邻地物间的关系实现同类型地物合并;最后,本文构建一种相对宽度作为地物的近似宽度,再次利用NDWI实现水产养殖用地的准确识别。本文以越南万丰湾为研究区域,以Landat-8融合影像(融合后的像元大小为15 m)的目视解译结果为标准,对本文方法与最小距离法分类结果进行比较。实验结果表明,该方法的精度可达91.13%,远高于传统的面向对象方法,并且所提方法的错误率和虚假率分别为0.09%和8.87%,表明了该方法可靠性,因而该方法可为基于中分辨率影像的地物类型提取提供一种有效手段。  相似文献   
4.
The aim of this study is to solve the problem of poor tracking in autonomous underwater vehicle (AUVs) that are operating based on traditional line-of-sight (LOS) method when tracking different paths in a complex marine environment. An adaptive-LOS (ALOS) guidance law with drift angle compensation is proposed, and is employed to calculate the AUV’s desired course (direction of velocity) and heading. First, an appropriate look-ahead distance is derived by the ALOS guidance law in consideration of the predefined path curvature, real-time tracking error and speed of the AUV. Subsequently, proper compensation is provided with respect to the actual drift angle. Compared with traditional LOS operation, this method flexibly adjusts to a suitable look-ahead distance while considering many related factors, providing a better path following performance. Both simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the effectiveness of this method.  相似文献   
5.
基于MODIS数据,以湖北省地级以上城市城区为研究对象,通过对湖北省13个地级以上城市城区边界矢量数据与地表温度因子进行套合处理,采用叠置分析方法对2000、2015、2017年湖北省地级以上城市城区的地表温度进行统计,并分析城镇化建设对城区地表温度产生的影响。  相似文献   
6.
青藏高原隆升的非线性动态有限元仿真研究   总被引:7,自引:4,他引:3  
根据青藏高原的地质特征建立分析模型,采用3维动态有限元方法,在计算仿真板块速度场的基础上,计算在青藏高原的隆升过程中该地区地壳岩石的等效应力和位移随时间的变化,计算仿真得到的速度场与1998年GPS观测的速度场吻合良好;与过去一贯的假设相反,计算结果反映出地壳应力场不是静态的,而是此起彼伏,不断变化的,应力值最大且变化最剧烈的地区在克什米尔地区、鄂尔多斯地区和鲜水河-小江断裂带,与地震多发区域吻合。  相似文献   
7.
地壳对海洋潮汐的响应   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
应用三维动态有限元方法研究了中国北部地区的地壳对邻近的渤海与黄海海平面变化的响应。虽然此应力场过于微弱不足以引发地震,但发现应力集中的位置及应力场变化较大的位置恰好与某些现代地震的震中一致。这一结果表明研究地壳对广泛分布的载荷的响应对研究区域地震构造是有帮助的。  相似文献   
8.
U–Pb age, trace element and Hf isotope compositions of zircon were analysed for a metasedimentary rock and two amphibolites from the Kongling terrane in the northern part of the Yangtze Craton. The zircon shows distinct morphological and chemical characteristics. Most zircon in an amphibolite shows oscillatory zoning, high Th/U and 176Lu/177Hf ratios, high formation temperature, high trace element contents, clear negative Eu anomaly, as well as HREE-enriched patterns, suggesting that it is igneous. The zircon yields a weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb age of 2857 ± 8 Ma, representing the age of the magmatic protolith. The zircon in the other two samples is metamorphic. It has low Th/U ratios, low trace element concentrations, variable HREE contents (33.8 ≥ LuN≥2213; 14.7 ≤ LuN/SmN ≤ 354) and 176Lu/177Hf ratios (0.000030–0.001168). The data indicate that the zircon formed in the presence of garnet and under upper amphibolite facies conditions. The metamorphic zircon yields a weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb age of 2010 ± 13 Ma. These results combined with previously obtained Palaeoproterozoic metamorphic ages suggest a c. 2.0 Ga Palaeoproterozoic collisional event in the Yangtze Craton, which may result from the assembly of the supercontinent Columbia. The zircon in two samples yields weighted mean two-stage Hf model ( T DM2) ages of 3217 ± 110 and 2943 ± 50 Ma, respectively, indicating that their protoliths were mainly derived from Archean crust.  相似文献   
9.
AGGLOMERATION AND RADIATION EFFECT OF THE PULL OF URBANIZATION   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
In order to explore the train of thought for China‘s urbanizing development and coordinated rural eco-nomic development, and to find good ways of solving rural problems through urbanization, this paper absorbs the push-and-pull forces theory and the systematic dynamic theory in the traditional population migration theories, views urbanization as a dynamic system, makes research on the push-and-pull mechanism of urbanization. The pulling power of urbanization is analyzed according to two aspects, the agglomeration effect and the radiation effect of cities. The agglomeration effect provides continuous propelling force for urbanization, and the radiation effect further accelerates the urbanization process by pushing forward the development of rural economy. Of course, the slow de-velopment of urbanization can result in the hindrance to rural economic development.  相似文献   
10.
The energy flow ofBranchiura sowerbyi was studied for the first time in China in a shallow macrophytic lake, Biandantang Lake, Hubei Province. The energy flow was calculated from the measurement of flesh production (12.5241kJ/m2a), egestion (517.7302kJ/m2a), metabolism (38.3273 kJ/m2a), and excretion (4.3798kJ/m2a). The net growth efficiency of the species is about 22.7%, which accords well with the generally reported value for oligochaetes. In addition, the relationship between starvation respiration (R, mgO2/ind·d), wet weight (Ww, mg) and temperature (T, °C) were also measured, with the regression function beingR=0.008Ww0.736 e0.050T. Project supported by NSFC (30270278, 3960019), the foundation of the government of Hubei Province (No. 2000J109), and the foundation of Ecological Station, CAS in the Institute of Hydrobiology.  相似文献   
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