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The impact of assimilating radiance data from the advanced satellite sensor GMI(GPM microwave imager) for typhoon analyses and forecasts was investigated using both a three-dimensional variational(3DVAR) and a hybrid ensemble-3DVAR method. The interface of assimilating the radiance for the sensor GMI was established in the Weather Research and Forecasting(WRF) model. The GMI radiance data are assimilated for Typhoon Matmo(2014), Typhoon Chan-hom(2015), Typhoon Meranti(2016), and Typhoon Mangkhut(2018) in the Pacific before their landing. The results show that after assimilating the GMI radiance data under clear sky condition with the 3DVAR method, the wind,temperature, and humidity fields are effectively adjusted, leading to improved forecast skills of the typhoon track with GMI radiance assimilation. The hybrid DA method is able to further adjust the location of the typhoon systematically. The improvement of the track forecast is even more obvious for later forecast periods. In addition, water vapor and hydrometeors are enhanced to some extent, especially with the hybrid method.  相似文献
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