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对5月12日汶川8级大震我们事先一无所知!对这个地区地震趋势的判断.地震的长、中、短、临预报全错了!看来我们对大地震发生规律的认识出了差错!  相似文献
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用自1982-2004年问发生在我国华东地区(29°~37°N,115°~130°E)的5742个地震,66265条S-P资料,在进行地震重新定位后,进行走时层析成像反演,获得了该区地壳三维速度结构.对1979年溧阳6级地震重新定位后,按分层分块办法研究震源附近深部结构与发震断层关系.  相似文献
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郯庐断裂带是我国东部一条巨型断裂带,总体走向北北东,绵延2400多千米,人们将它分为3段.即,北段(肇兴-昌图),中段(昌图-淮河南岸)和南段(嘉山淮河南岸-广济).在我们的研究区内,将中南段的32.5°N以南称为1段,将32.5°~37.5°N左右称为2段.  相似文献
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High-frequency S-wave seismogram envelopes of microearthquakes broaden with increasing travel distance,a phenomenon known as S-wave envelope broadening. Multiple forward scattering and diffraction for the random inhomogeneities along the seismic ray path are the main causes of S-wave envelope broadening,so the phenomenon of S-wave envelope broadening is used to study the inhomogeneity of the medium. The peak delay time of an S-wave,which is defined as the time lag from the direct S-wave onset to the maximum amplitude arrival of its envelope,is accepted to quantify S-wave envelope broadening. 204 small earthquake records in Changbaishan Tianchi volcano were analyzed by the S-wave envelope broadening algorithm. The results show that S-wave envelope broadening in the Changbaishan Tianchi volcano is obvious,and that the peak delay time of S-wave has a positive correlation with the hypocenter distance and frequency of the S-wave. The relationships between the S-wave peak delay time and the hypocenter distance for different frequency bands were obtained using the statistics method. The results are beneficial to the understanding of the S-wave envelope broadening phenomena and the quantitative research on the inhomogeneities of the crust medium in the Changbaishan Tianchi volcano region.  相似文献
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随着海洋的开发和利用,海洋的地震安全问题已越来越突显。我国领海和邻海是强地震多发区,海洋地震灾害主要体现在对沿海陆地的破坏和海域本身的破坏两个方面。我国经济发展的主体在沿海,沿海人口也比较集中,领海和邻海一旦发生大的地震,造成的灾害损失将非常巨大。而我国海洋地震防震减灾工作的现状是“底数不清,关注不够,能力很弱,隐患很多,任务繁重。”提出了加强海洋区域防震减灾工作的具体建议,即:中国地震局与国家海洋局联合制定我国海洋区域防震减灾规划;制定海洋区域防震减灾的相关法律法规和技术标准;建立监测海洋地震的台网;开展重点地区和重大项目的地震区划及安全性评价;开展大陆架探测;设立海洋地震科学专项基金,加强海洋地震科学研究;建立海啸预警系统;中国地震学会设立海洋地震专业委员会。  相似文献
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The deep structure features around Tancheng M8 /2 earthquake occurred in 1668 have been analyzed. Based on the crustal velocity structure obtained from travel-time tomographic inversion, especially the low velocity zones in middle crust and Moho depths, the deep velocity structure distribution in the area of 34° ~ 36°N, 118° ~ 119°E is scanned along the latitude, longitude and oblique directions, and the corresponding crustal velocity profiles are obtained. By comparison, we take the area with velocity features coincident to the deep structure of the 1668 Tancheng M8/2 earthquake as the deduced epicenter, which is at 34. 8° ~35. 2°N, 118. 2° ~ 118. 7°E, and the reasonable location is 35. isN, 118. 6°E, and the focal depth is 20km.  相似文献
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分析了1668 年山东郯城8?级大震区附近地壳深部结构特点,以天然地震走时层析成像得到的三维地壳速度结构,主要以中地壳低速层和莫霍面深度为依据,对34°~36°N,118°~119°E区间按经、纬度和斜向扫描,得到相应地壳速度剖面。对比结果,获得与该地震深部结构特点一致的区域,推测震中范围位于34.8°~35.2°N,118.2°~118.7°E,较合理的震中位于35.1°N,118.6°E,震源深度约20km。  相似文献
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