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长白山天池火山区介质非均匀性   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
 高频S波随着传播距离的增大其均方根(RMS)包络逐渐变宽,我们把这种现象称为S波包络展宽现象.S波传播路径上随机分布的非均匀体对S波的多次前向散射和绕射作用是导致S波包络展宽现象的主要原因,因此可用S波包络展宽现象来研究介质非均匀性.本文采用S波包络峰值延时来对S波包络展宽现象进行量化.S波包络峰值延时定义为S波初至与其均方根包络峰值最大值之间的时间差.本文选用长白山天池火山区的小震记录,运用S波包络峰值延时对长白山天池火山口地区的介质非均匀性进行了评价.结果发现长白山天池火山区呈现强烈的介质非均匀性,在0~2 km深度范围内介质非均匀性表现出南部强北部弱的空间分布特征;在2~5 km深度范围内介质非均匀性的空间分布特征与频率具有相关性;天池火山区介质非均匀性具有明显的多尺度特性;强弱非均匀性接触带,往往是地震频发地带.根据地震与非均匀体在空间分布的相对位置,我们认为火山区介质非均匀性可能反映了火山早期喷发堆积物介质结构的差异.  相似文献
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High-frequency S-wave seismogram envelopes of microearthquakes broaden with increasing travel distance,a phenomenon known as S-wave envelope broadening. Multiple forward scattering and diffraction for the random inhomogeneities along the seismic ray path are the main causes of S-wave envelope broadening,so the phenomenon of S-wave envelope broadening is used to study the inhomogeneity of the medium. The peak delay time of an S-wave,which is defined as the time lag from the direct S-wave onset to the maximum amplitude arrival of its envelope,is accepted to quantify S-wave envelope broadening. 204 small earthquake records in Changbaishan Tianchi volcano were analyzed by the S-wave envelope broadening algorithm. The results show that S-wave envelope broadening in the Changbaishan Tianchi volcano is obvious,and that the peak delay time of S-wave has a positive correlation with the hypocenter distance and frequency of the S-wave. The relationships between the S-wave peak delay time and the hypocenter distance for different frequency bands were obtained using the statistics method. The results are beneficial to the understanding of the S-wave envelope broadening phenomena and the quantitative research on the inhomogeneities of the crust medium in the Changbaishan Tianchi volcano region.  相似文献
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