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新疆博斯腾湖水盐变化及其影响因素探讨   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:11  
李卫红  袁磊 《湖泊科学》2002,14(3):223-227
在博斯腾湖水文和水化学实测资料的基础上,研究了博斯腾湖水盐的年际和年内变化。近40年来,水质年际变化经历了好→中→差→中的过程;年内变化与区内最大补给源开都河不同季节河流来水量变化以及湖周农田排盐水等因素直接相关,而湖水的矿化度与水位变化呈负相关。对湖水主要离子含量变化特点和湖区矿化度变化规律的研究表明,湖水补给源及湖水循环状况是影响湖水水质变化的主要因素。  相似文献
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近百年来亚洲中部内陆湖泊演变及其原因分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:3  
秦伯强 《湖泊科学》1999,11(1):11-19
南疆博斯腾湖湖相沉积物碳酸盐稳定同位素,孢粉及地化元素含量的波动揭示了于11.0 ̄10.0kaBP期间的相对冷湿的环境特征,这次变冷事件在年代上可与末次冰消期的新仙女木气候突然变冷事件相对应,虽然目前还无法圆满解释此事件的成因机制,但此事件在极端干昌的南疆博斯腾湖湖相沉积中的发现,无疑对深入认识此事件发生的全球性以及探讨其成因机制具有重要意义。  相似文献
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新疆博斯腾湖流域水环境保护与治理   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:15  
博斯腾湖是中国最大的内陆淡水湖,对地处干旱内陆的新疆来讲,是极为重要的自然资源和经济资源.近50年的流域和湖区大规模开发,博斯腾湖在发挥巨大生态、环境、经济和社会效益的同时,环境问题也日趋严重.通过实施保护工程,加强宏观调控,保护其生态环境,保护生物多样性.  相似文献
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The environment of Bosten Lake in the Mid-Eastern Yanqi Basin (MEYB), an arid inland area in northwest China, has deteriorated greatly due to increasing groundwater exploitation and changes in the interactions between groundwater and surface water. This study intended to simulate the spatio-temporal variability of groundwater and surface water across the entire MEYB over the period 2000–2013. The applicable groundwater flow model and mass balance calculation method for river water were constructed to evaluate the change in groundwater recharged by and discharged to different segments of the Kaidu River. Simulation results show that the entire river seepage in the MEYB increased from 1.05 to 6.17 × 108 m3/year between 2000 and 2013. The increasing river seepage, induced by increasing groundwater exploitation, plays the most important role in the water level decline in the downstream reaches of the Kaidu River and in Bosten Lake. This implies that the current utilization of groundwater resources in the MEYB is unsustainable.  相似文献
5.
Short sediment cores retrieved from Bosten Lake, the largest inland freshwater lake in China, were used to explore humidity and precipitation variations in arid central Asia during the past millennium. The chronology of the cores was established using 137Cs, 210Pb and AMS 14C dating re- sults. Multi-proxy high-resolution analysis, including pollen ratios of Artemisia and Chenopodiaceae (A/C), carbonate content and grain size, indicates that the climate during the past millennium can be divided into three stages: a dry climate between 1000―1500 AD, a humid climate during the Little Ice Age (LIA) (c. 1500―1900 AD), and a warm dry period after 1900 AD. On centennial timescales, the climate change in northwestern China during the past 1000 years is characterized by oscillations between warm-dry and cold-humid climate conditions. All the proxies changed significantly and indi- cate increased precipitation during the LIA, including increased pollen A/C ratios and pollen concen- trations, decreased carbonate content and increased grain size. The humid period during the LIA re- corded by the Bosten Lake sediments is representative of arid central Asia and is supported by nu- merous records from other sites. During the LIA, the water runoff into the Keriya River and Tarim River in the Tarim Basin increased, while the ice accumulation in the Guliya ice core increased. Additionally, the lake levels of the Aral and Caspian Sea also rose, while tree-ring analysis indicates that precipita- tion increased. We hypothesize that both the lower temperature within China and the negative anomalies of North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) during this period may have contributed to the humid climate within this area during LIA.  相似文献
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