首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   33篇
  完全免费   4篇
  地球物理   37篇
  2017年   1篇
  2016年   1篇
  2015年   1篇
  2012年   5篇
  2011年   2篇
  2009年   5篇
  2008年   4篇
  2007年   6篇
  2006年   1篇
  2004年   1篇
  2003年   1篇
  2002年   1篇
  2001年   1篇
  1999年   1篇
  1997年   3篇
  1996年   1篇
  1992年   1篇
  1990年   1篇
排序方式: 共有37条查询结果,搜索用时 109 毫秒
1.
考虑地面差动的相邻结构—地基—土相互作用   总被引:6,自引:6,他引:7  
本文按地质条件在竖直方向将地基分为若干层,在每层只和样条有限元和半解析无限元分析建筑物下的有限区域和外围的无限区域,并引入了地面差动的概念,对地基-土系统上相邻结构的相互作用进行了分析,得到了结构之间间距变化对相邻结构相互作用影响的一些规律。  相似文献
2.
地震动强度及频谱特征对场地地震反应分析结果的影响.   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0  
通过收集整理235个实际钻孔资料并建立了2820个计算工况,运用一维波动等效线性化地震反应分析方法,基于不同类别场地条件,研究在不同强度、频谱特性的地震动输入形式下,场地条件对地表地震动参数影响,重点考察地表峰值加速度的变化特征及规律,并对计算结果进行了统计回归分析,给出了不同场地类别条件下地表峰值放大倍数的一般经验值.由于我国现行抗震设计规范中,没有考虑地震烈度或地震动强度对设计反应谱的影响,也没有考虑地震动频谱特性对地表峰值的影响,因此,本文的研究成果可为未来修订抗震设计规范提供参考依据.  相似文献
3.
The influence of strong-motion duration on the response of saturated soils is clearly recognised and accounted for in the assessment of liquefaction potential. The degree to which duration of shaking influences damage to structures, however, remains a topic of debate, with resolution of the issue complicated by the variety of definitions of duration and the variety of structural behaviours, as well as the difficulty of decoupling the specific effect of duration from other features of the ground motion. A suite of seven structural models with strength and stiffness degrading characteristics, designed to reflect the seismic behaviour of masonry structures commonly encountered in many parts of Europe, are analysed using a suite of almost 500 strong-motion accelerograms. Correlations are explored between the damage, measured in terms of the strength degradation, and a range of strong-motion parameters, demonstrating that Arias intensity and spectral acceleration at the fundamental initial period of the structure are both reasonably good damage indicators for such structures. A significantly improved correlation is obtained by using the elastic spectral accelerations averaged over a period range from the initial period of the structure to a value approximately three times greater, reflecting the stiffness degradation as the shaking progresses. The scatter in the correlation is shown to be partially explained by differences in duration. This revised version was published online in July 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date.  相似文献
4.
不同类别场地地震动参数的计算分析   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:43  
基于188个工程场地计算剖面及场地地震反应分析的等线性化波动分析方法,通过对场地地震反应的计算及计算结果的分析,研究了4类场地条件对场地地震动影响的特点及规律,给出了每一类场地地震动参数变化的经验关系。  相似文献
5.
This paper reports a series solution of wave functions for two-dimensional scattering and diffraction of plane SH waves induced by a symmetrical V-shaped canyon with different shape ratios. A half-space with a symmetrical V-shaped canyon is divided into two sub-regions by using a circular-arc auxiliary boundary. The two sub-regions are represented by global and local cylindrical coordinate systems, respectively. In each coordinate system, the wave field satisfying the Helmholtz equation is represented by the separation of variables method, in terms of the series of both Bessel functions and Hankel functions with unknown complex coefficients. Then, the two wave fields are described in the local coordinate system using the Graf addition theorem. Finally, the unknown coefficients are sought by satisfying the continuity conditions of the auxiliary boundary. To consider the phase characteristics of the wave scattering, a parametric analysis is carried out in the time domain by assuming an incident signal of the Ricker type. Surface and subsurface transient responses demonstrate the characteristics and mechanisms of wave propagating and scattering.  相似文献
6.
A simple relationship is proposed in this paper to construct damage‐based inelastic response spectra including the effect of ground motion duration that it can be used for damage control in seismic design of structures. This relation is established for three groups of ground motions with short‐duration, moderate‐duration, and long‐duration ranges. To develop the model, the duration effect is included in the cyclic ductility of structures by an energy‐based method, and then strength reduction factors are computed based on this modified ductility (named ). The strength reduction factors were calculated for 44 stiffness‐degrading oscillators having vibration periods between 0.05 and 4.0 s, four ultimate ductility capacities, and five damage levels subjected to 296 earthquake records. The results showed that ductility capacity, damage level, and ground motion duration are effective parameters in the energy dissipation of structures, which affect the spectra. The values of short‐period oscillators (e.g., low‐rise structures) under short‐duration records are generally greater than those under moderate‐duration and long‐duration records. Residual analysis has been made in terms of magnitude and distance to examine the validity of the proposed simple expression. Finally, the introduced spectra were compared with three previously published proposals. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
7.
Usually different nonlinear time responses due to earthquake ground motion are distinguished by non-localized spectra, such as the response or power spectra. However, these spectra are often not able to explain the large discrepancy among structural responses caused by different earthquake records. The local spectrum, obtained by the wavelet transform, shows the energy distribution in the time-frequency domain, and helps to understand the very different structural responses. By changing the energy distribution in time of several earthquake records, the effect of energy concentration on the structural nonlinear response is demonstrated. This paper proposes the use of the characteristic peak ground acceleration, which is the peak of the signal constructed by only a few special wavelet components of an earthquake record, to quantify the difference between earthquake records, since this measure indicates the magnitude of the energy concentrated around the fundamental period of a structure.  相似文献
8.
In this paper, stochastic dynamic responses of dam–reservoir–foundation systems subjected to spatially varying earthquake ground motions are investigated using the displacement-based fluid finite elements. For this purpose, variable-number-node two-dimensional (2D) fluid finite elements based on the Lagrangian approach is programmed in FORTRAN language and incorporated into a computer program SVEM, which is used for stochastic dynamic analysis of solid systems subjected to spatially varying earthquake ground motion. The spatially varying earthquake ground motion model includes incoherence, wave-passage and site-response effects. The incoherence effect is examined by considering the Harichandran and Vanmarcke coherency model. The effect of the wave passage is investigated by using various wave velocities. Homogeneous medium and firm soil types are selected for considering the site-response effect where the foundation supports are constructed. The Sar?yar concrete gravity dam, constructed in Turkey is selected for numerical example. The ground motion is described by filtered white noise and applied to each support point of the 2D finite element model of the dam–reservoir–foundation system. The record of Kocaeli earthquake in 1999 is used in the analyses. Displacements, stresses and hydrodynamic pressures occurring on the upstream face of the dam are calculated for four cases. It is concluded that spatially varying earthquake ground motions have important effects on the stochastic dynamic response of dam–reservoir–foundation systems.  相似文献
9.
大震与中小震之间的地震动衰减规律有所不同.本文使用了132条欧洲基岩水平向记录研究中小震地震动衰减规律.震级范围在地方震级4~6级,距离在震源距70km以内.本文得到了峰值加速度和5%阻尼比、周期0.04~4.00秒之间的加速度反应谱的衰减关系.通过与欧洲和美国西部地震动衰减关系对比,分析了在地震活动性不同的地区内,大震与中小震之间存在的差异有何不同.  相似文献
10.
将汶川地震时获得的地震波作为输入波,利用FLAC^3D软件对软土典型地铁车站中柱进行强震响应的三维数值模拟。土体采用D—P本构模型,车站结构采用弹性模型,并选用瑞利阻尼和Hardin/Drnevich模型的滞后阻尼来实现土在循环动荷载下的滞回和非线性。计算结果包括中柱的相对变形、轴力、剪力、弯矩及车站中柱的加速度响应规律。结果表明:下层中柱是地铁车站受地震波作用时最为薄弱的构件,并且中柱的破坏系水平向地震波和竖直向地震波共同作用的结果。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号