首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   10354篇
  免费   1758篇
  国内免费   1835篇
测绘学   215篇
大气科学   948篇
地球物理   2049篇
地质学   4786篇
海洋学   1822篇
天文学   12篇
综合类   516篇
自然地理   3599篇
  2024年   43篇
  2023年   186篇
  2022年   448篇
  2021年   494篇
  2020年   462篇
  2019年   503篇
  2018年   432篇
  2017年   487篇
  2016年   465篇
  2015年   539篇
  2014年   675篇
  2013年   723篇
  2012年   643篇
  2011年   705篇
  2010年   566篇
  2009年   643篇
  2008年   667篇
  2007年   726篇
  2006年   666篇
  2005年   539篇
  2004年   519篇
  2003年   489篇
  2002年   320篇
  2001年   301篇
  2000年   303篇
  1999年   229篇
  1998年   173篇
  1997年   164篇
  1996年   165篇
  1995年   139篇
  1994年   135篇
  1993年   94篇
  1992年   81篇
  1991年   70篇
  1990年   51篇
  1989年   34篇
  1988年   22篇
  1987年   7篇
  1986年   8篇
  1985年   8篇
  1984年   4篇
  1983年   3篇
  1982年   2篇
  1981年   9篇
  1979年   3篇
  1977年   1篇
  1976年   1篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
莱州湾南岸潍河下游地区咸水入侵灾害成因及特征   总被引:8,自引:1,他引:7  
通过对莱州湾南岸咸水入侵较严重地潍河下游地区晚更新世以来沉积特征及现代自然环境条件变化的分析,探讨了沉积相对咸水入侵产生及空间范围特征的环境机理。晚更新世以来的三次海平面升降变化造成了潍河下游地区海陆沉积环境交替,形成了巨厚的海陆交互相沉积层。海进时期,大面积的滨海平原被淹没,在近海平原洼地滞留的海水经过蒸发、浓缩变为卤水,成为咸水入侵的物源;海退后陆源碎屑在滨海地区沉积形成了巨厚的古河道砂层。20世纪70年代末期以来,随着对地下淡水的过度开采,淡咸水水头压力差减小.卤水通过古河道砂层快速南侵。通过对潍河下游地区100余个地质钻孔水化学连续监测资料分析,阐明了咸水入侵的特征,有针对性地提出了咸水入侵的防治措施。  相似文献   
2.
U–Pb age, trace element and Hf isotope compositions of zircon were analysed for a metasedimentary rock and two amphibolites from the Kongling terrane in the northern part of the Yangtze Craton. The zircon shows distinct morphological and chemical characteristics. Most zircon in an amphibolite shows oscillatory zoning, high Th/U and 176Lu/177Hf ratios, high formation temperature, high trace element contents, clear negative Eu anomaly, as well as HREE-enriched patterns, suggesting that it is igneous. The zircon yields a weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb age of 2857 ± 8 Ma, representing the age of the magmatic protolith. The zircon in the other two samples is metamorphic. It has low Th/U ratios, low trace element concentrations, variable HREE contents (33.8 ≥ LuN≥2213; 14.7 ≤ LuN/SmN ≤ 354) and 176Lu/177Hf ratios (0.000030–0.001168). The data indicate that the zircon formed in the presence of garnet and under upper amphibolite facies conditions. The metamorphic zircon yields a weighted mean 207Pb/206Pb age of 2010 ± 13 Ma. These results combined with previously obtained Palaeoproterozoic metamorphic ages suggest a c. 2.0 Ga Palaeoproterozoic collisional event in the Yangtze Craton, which may result from the assembly of the supercontinent Columbia. The zircon in two samples yields weighted mean two-stage Hf model ( T DM2) ages of 3217 ± 110 and 2943 ± 50 Ma, respectively, indicating that their protoliths were mainly derived from Archean crust.  相似文献   
3.
本文以丰富的实际资料,论证了地下水的卤素元素(F、Cl、Br、I)的形成、含量及其分布规律与含水介质成分、上覆岩土性质、地下水退流条件、氧化还原环境、地下水矿化度之间的关系。根据江汉平原东部区和鄱阳湖区地下水中Br、I元素的调查研究结果及它们形成的控制因素与分布规律,结合长江三角洲南部区水文地球化学环境条件分析对比,指出该区是一个形成Br、I矿泉水的有利地区。  相似文献   
4.
After the survey of pollution sources, a study on surface water quality assessment and forecast is given by means of grey system method, fuzzy mathematical method and multiple-index method. Based on it, aquatic environment quality features, treatment measures and environmental strategies of the area are proposed. The quality of aquatic environment of 5 rivers in the Tumen River area is studied. The results show that the pollution of surface water is serious; water quality of most rivers is between grade IV and V except the Hunchun River, being higher than grade IV standard; pollution levels of most rivers have been basically controlled except the of Burhatong River, which is deteriorating gradually. Pollutants of the rivers are comparatively regular, mainly are SS, COD, BOD, AR-OH, NH3-N. The main pollution trades are chemical fibre industry, pulp and paper making industry and mining industry. If the growth rate of gross industrial product is higher than 25 percent under the encouraging-model of regional exploitation, the pollutants’ load will overtake the bearing capacity of aquatic environment. Thus some protection program against pollution must be worked out in order to achieve the harmonious development of economy society and environment. A project from “Studies on Earlier Stage of Regional Development” of the Chinese Academy of Sciences  相似文献   
5.
Virtual Huanghe River System: Framework and Technology   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
1 Introduction Huanghe (Yellow) River basin is located in 32°–42°N, 96°–119°E. The area of the catchment is more than 752,000km2. The river is 5464km long with a drop in elevation of 4830m. Among the whole area, the moun- tainous and stone area accounts for 29%, loess and hills area 46%, sandy area 11% and plain area 14%, respec- tively. Different natural landscapes exist in this area. The Huanghe River flows through the Loess Plateau, where the soil is eroded seriously (Wang, 2002;…  相似文献   
6.
上扬子地台震旦系铅锌矿床类型及找矿方向   总被引:13,自引:0,他引:13  
上扬子地台含铅锌矿地层主要为震旦系。震旦系在上扬子地台主要发育上统灯影组,次有下统陡山沱组。将上扬子地台震旦系铅锌矿床成因划分为一级为叠生矿床,二级为层控矿床,三级为热水沉积改造矿床和热水沉积再造矿床四级类型,该类型按铅锌比例进一步划分为富铅型、富锌型、铅锌共生型。研究区内最重要的铅锌矿床成因类型为南郑马元、会东大梁子铅锌矿为代表的富锌型。陕西南郑、紫阳—镇坪地区,湖北武当、神农架、黄陵地区,以及地台西缘的安宁河、甘洛—小江、峨边—寻甸等地区的震旦系是寻找铅锌矿的最有利地段。  相似文献   
7.
The dunes in estuary of Tumen River in China lie to the area between the Jiushaping and Fangchuan in the left bank of Tumen River (Fig.1). The dis-tance is about 15~20 km between the dunes and the coast. It ranges from China to D. P. R. Korea and Russia. The range of the height of dunes is about 15~20 m and the width is 100~200 m. By the re-connaissance, we protracted 9 section planes of the dunes and collected 40 sand samples of the dunes, and identified the sedimentary environment …  相似文献   
8.
三峡重庆库区深部地球物理特征与断裂构造   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
为了深入研究三峡重庆库区岩石圈动力学特征及其对断裂构造活动的控制和影响.并为之提供基础资料,为三峡重庆库区地震、地质灾害的监测与防治提供基础依据,在已有地球物理资料的基础上,从综合地球物理研究角度出发,通过实测地震测线资料的再解释.采用新的处理技术方法,对本区的东西向主剖面和南北向支测线的地震测深资料进行二维射线追踪处理、Pg波成像;选用场分离技术、位移数字成像技术重新处理了重力和航磁资料,通过联合反演来建立深部二维构造剖面,对剖面所揭示的基底构造特征和地壳结构特征、主要断裂构造特征以及莫霍面的起伏特征进行了精细分析和细致研究.从地球物理平面场特征出发建立了岩石圈构造三维框架。研究结果表明,这样的研究思路准确、方法得当.结论可靠;沿该剖面,把可解译的断裂分为Ⅲ级:Ⅰ级为超岩石圈断裂;Ⅱ级为壳断裂;Ⅲ级为盖层断裂。依据地球物理特征,准确揭示了库区的断裂构造特征,达到了预期效果。  相似文献   
9.
On the basis of the study on areal differentiation of the natural environment of oasis agriculture ecosystems in the Shiyang River Basin, this paper comparatively analyzes the natural productivities, water economic benefits, production efficiency, ecological stabilities and developmental conditions of the Wuwei Oasis agricultural ecosystem in the middle reaches of the river basin and the Minqin Oasis agricultural ecosystem in the lower reaches. Under a same management level and investment of . material and energy, primary productiveness and economic benefits of the former are higher than those of the latter. Construction directions of Wuwei and Minqin oases should be different in order to alleviate the water- use contradiction between the middle and lower reaches. The construction objective of Wuwei Oasis should be efficient irrigated farming production system and Minqin Oasis should become a mixed forestry-pastoral-farming ecosystem taking ecological protection as its major function.  相似文献   
10.
Sea level rise could increase the salinity of an estuary by altering the balance between fresh water and salt water. The implications of sea level rise for increasing salinity have been examined in the Changjiang (Yangtze) River estuary. By correlative analysis of chlorinity, discharge and tidal level and calculation of two-dimensional chlorinity, distribution of the Changjiang River estuary, the changes of the intensity and lasting hours of salt water intrusion at Wusong Station and the changes of chlorinity distribution in the South Branch of the Changjiang River estuary have been estimated when future sea level rises 50-100 cm. The intensity of salt water intrusion in the future will be far more serious than current trend.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号