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页岩储层由于其复杂的构造和孔隙特征,目前一般的岩石物理模型无法对其进行精确描述.微纳米孔隙作为页岩气主要的储集空间,对页岩整体弹性参数有较大影响.干酪根作为页岩中重要的有机质矿物,在页岩中的赋存状态随成熟度不同而变化,同时干酪根也是纳米级孔隙的主要发育场所.目前常规的岩石物理建模方法没有体现微纳米孔隙的作用,同时较少考虑不同成熟度下干酪根对页岩储层弹性性质的影响.本文采用一种微纳米孔隙理论描述页岩微纳米孔隙特性,考虑微纳米孔隙和不同成熟度下干酪根的赋存状态,应用上述微纳米孔隙模型、各向异性SCA-DEM模型、各向异性Eshelby-Cheng模型和Brown-Korringa固体替换方程等建立一种新的页岩储层岩石物理模型.利用中国西南某工区页岩气井对该模型进行验证,模型预测的横波速度与测井速度拟合较好.结果表明不同干酪根成熟度的页岩岩石物理建模结果具有一定的差异,据此可大致区分该工区井的干酪根成熟度;最后对微纳米孔参数进行正演分析,结果反映了页岩的纵横波速度随微纳米孔隙参数的变化趋势.  相似文献
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The premise of hydraulic fracturing is to have an accurate and detailed understanding of the rock mechanical properties and fracture propagation law of shale reservoirs. In this paper, a comprehensive evaluation of the mechanical properties of the shale oil reservoir in the south of Songliao Basin is carried out. Based on the experiments and the in-situ stress analysis, the fracture propagation law of three types of shale reservoirs is obtained, and the suggestions for fracturing are put forward. The results have shown that the fracture propagation of pure shale and low mature reservoir is easy to open along the bedding plane under compression loading, which is greatly influenced by the bedding. Sand-bearing shale is slightly better, the fractures of which are not easy to open along the bedding plane. The mechanical experimental results show that all the samples have the characteristics of low compressive strength, low Young''s modulus and strong anisotropy, indicating that the shale oil reservoir is certain plastic, which is related to its high clay mineral content and controlled by the bedding development. Compared with pure shale and low mature shale, the sand-bearing shale has less clay content and less developed bedding, which maybe the main reason for its slightly better brittleness. Overall, the expansion of hydraulic fracture is controlled by in-situ stress and bedding. Because of the development of bedding, it is easy to form horizontal fractures. Thus it is not suitable for horizontal well fracturing. Because of the high content of clay minerals, the applicability of conventional slick hydraulic fracturing fluid is poor. It is suggested to use vertical well or directional well to carry out volume fracturing. In this way, the effect of bedding can be effectively used to open and connect the bedding and form a larger fracture network.  相似文献
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