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华南板块西南缘中三叠统底部普遍发育凝灰岩夹层,但对火山灰的来源存在不同认识。位于华南板块西南缘的右江盆地在早—中三叠世为连续海相沉积,较为完整的火山沉积记录为探讨火山灰的来源提供了基础。本文以右江盆地者堡敢南一带早、中三叠世之交凝灰岩为研究对象,在剖面测制基础上,对含凝灰岩层段灰岩进行生物地层分析,划分为4个牙形石带,分别为Neospathodus pakistanensis间隔带;Neospathodus waageni—N.abruptus组合带;Neospathodus homeri—N.triangularis组合带以及Chiosella timorensis间隔带,由此确定第17层凝灰岩为中三叠统底界凝灰岩。凝灰岩岩石学、地球化学分析结果显示为流纹质玻屑凝灰岩,属于亚碱性系列。稀土配分曲线显示为右倾轻稀土富集,明显的负Eu异常。大离子亲石元素(LILE)(Rb、U、Th和Ba等)富集和高场强元素(HFSE)(Nb、Ta、P和Ti等)亏损,整体表现出与弧相关的地球化学特征。在生物地层、同位素年代学对凝灰岩形成时代进行精确限定的基础上,通过华南板块西南缘中三叠统底界凝灰岩的区域分布、矿物组成、地球化学特征,结合右江盆地中—下三叠统火山岩层序特征进行详细对比分析,结果显示广西凭祥—十万大山一带火山岩是其主要来源。  相似文献
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Shale gas resources are considered to be extremely abundant in southern China, which has dedicated considerable attention to shale gas exploration in recent years. Exploration of shale gas has considerably progressed and several breakthroughs have been made in China. However, shale gas explorations are still scarce. Summary and detailed analysis studies on black shale reservoirs are still to be performed for many areas. This lack of information slows the progress of shale gas explorations and results in low quantities of stored black shale. The Carboniferous Dawuba Formation, which is widely distributed and considerably thick, is one of the black shale formations targeted for shale gas exploration in southern China in the recent years. The acquisition and analysis of total organic carbon, vitrinite reflectance,types of organic matter, mineral composition, porosity, and permeability are basic but important processes. In addition, we analyzed the microscopic pores present in the shale. This study also showesd the good gas content of the Dawuba Formation, as well as the geological factors affecting its gas content and other characteristics. To understand the prospect of exploration, we compared this with other shale reservoirs which have been already successfully explored for gas. Our comparison showesd that those shale reservoirs have similar but not identical geological characteristics.  相似文献
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1:5万区域地质调查在黔西南郭家湾新发现了一处幻龙化石点。通过剖面测制,详细解剖了化石的异地埋藏特征,并依据区域地质填图和化石资料确定其时代为中三叠世安尼期。在此基础上,根据黔西南及邻区安尼期化石群的分布,结合岩相古地理分布特征,浅析了幻龙化石可能的物源,结果显示郭家湾一带为幻龙活动范围的可能性较大。该幻龙化石的发现及其时代的限定,为研究三叠纪海生爬行动物的演化和迁移提供了新的素材,具有重要的科学意义。  相似文献
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