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1.
完达山造山带原型盆地及可能的造山机制   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:4  
完达山造山带是东亚环太平洋构造带的重要组成部分,是中国北方唯一的中生代深水活动类型沉积建造出露区。三叠纪—侏罗纪硅质岩-碎屑岩系构成了这个造山带的主体,其沉积序列总体表现为一向上变浅、碎屑颗粒变粗的沉积旋回,其中的硅质岩、泥岩稀土元素以Ce的正异常为特征;砂岩构架颗粒成分与典型的弧前盆地相同。这些特征表明,完达山造山带三叠纪—侏罗纪的原型盆地是东亚陆缘区弧前盆地的组成部分。构造解析结果进一步揭示,造山带只发育一期透入性的变形构造,与增生杂岩的变形序列明显不同。基于上述结论并结合区域构造分析结果提出,完达山造山带的隆升主要是中生代东亚陆缘型岩浆弧东移、本区卷入科迪勒拉型造山带所致。  相似文献
2.
In a re-study of regional geology by the China Geological Survey (CGS), the key problem is in the stratigraphical division and correlation. According to the new isotopic dating of the Meso- and Neoproterozoic in China, there have been great changes in the strata correlation and tectonic explanation. The authors obtained four zircon sensitive high resolution ion micro-probe (SHRIMP) U-Pb datings from the bentonite of the Lengjiaxi Group (822±10 Ma, 823±12 Ma and 834±11 Ma) and Banxi Group (802.6±7.6 Ma) in north Hunan Province, which is considered to be the middle part of the Jiangnan Orogenic Belt. On the basis of the zircon dating mentioned above, the end of the Wuling orogen is first limited in the period from 822 Ma to 802 Ma in one continued outcrop (Lucheng section) in Linxiang city, Hunan Province. Combining a series of new zircon U-Pb datings in the Yangtze and Cathaysia blocks, several Neoproterozoic volcanic events and distribution of the metamorphic rocks in the Jiangnan Orogenic Belt have been distinguished. In the context of the global geodynamics, it is useful to set up a practical and high precision chronological framework and basic and unified late Precambrian section in South China.  相似文献
3.
Abstract: High-quality zircon U-Pb ages acquired from Meso- and Neoproterozoic strata in North China in recent years has provided a high-resolution chronostratigraphic framework for dating. A basis of this high-level chronostratigraphic system provides the foundation for a global Precambrian study and stratigraphic correlation and so recent geological studies have focused attention on systemic SHRIMP zircon dating. A chronology of Meso- and Neoproterozoic strata and the time of origin of the overlying Changcheng System is given on the basis of new SHRIMP zircon dating from the Qianxi Complex and diabase of the Chuanlinggou Formation. A new tectonostratigraphy for a Neoproterozoic chronostratigraphic framework in the southeastern margin of the North China continent is underpinned by the new SHRIMP zircon dating of a Neoproterozoic mafic magma diabase in the Jiao-Liao-Xu-Huai Sub-Province.  相似文献
4.
完善中国晚前寒武纪地层的标准剖面,使其成为国际地层对比的参考标准,是中国地质学家的追
求。华北蓟县剖面和扬子块体三峡剖面一直被视为中国的标准剖面,多学科的研究、特别是生物地层和雪球事
件地层学的研究取得了突破性进展。笔者试图通过化学地层学研究手段,对华北块体南缘豫西地区中—新元古
代地层中碳酸盐岩进行氧碳同位素地球化学研究,试图建立新的扬子块体与华北块体震旦纪地层对比桥梁。同
时,对华北南缘新元古代碳酸盐岩地层的形成环境进行了分析,解释了华北新元古代冰碛岩的时空关系。  相似文献
5.
高维  张传恒  李永安 《地质论评》2011,57(4):495-504
西天山东北段伊犁地区的果子沟—科古琴剖面发育了新元古代3套冰碛岩,自下而上为库鲁铁列克提组(下冰碛岩)、别西巴斯套组(中冰碛岩)和塔里萨依组(上冰碛岩)。前人研究认为塔里萨依组冰碛岩与库鲁克塔格地区的汉格尔乔克组对比。本文报道了侵入于塔里萨依组顶部的花岗斑岩中岩浆锆石206Pb/238U年龄为(642±5)Ma,应代表花岗斑岩的形成时代。尽管该年龄为花岗斑岩侵位年龄,但可限定果子沟剖面塔里萨依组冰碛岩的沉积上限。由于区内有库鲁铁列克提组(下冰碛岩)和别西巴斯套组(中冰碛岩),可分别对比于库鲁克塔格地区的贝义西组和阿勒通沟组冰碛岩,故推测塔里萨依组冰碛岩应与特瑞艾肯组冰碛岩对比而不是前人认为的与库鲁克塔格地区汉格尔乔克冰碛岩对比。所以,本文为西天山果子沟剖面新元古代冰期地层的时代划分及其与库鲁克塔格地区的对比提供了新的证据。  相似文献
6.
New dates from Meso- and Neoproterozoic strata contribute to the recently defined Precambrian stratigraphical timescale of China agreed by the Subcommission on the Precambrian System, and the National Commission on Stratigraphy of China on Nov. 24, 2009. First, the age range of the Changcheng System, including the Changzhougou, Chuanlinggou, Tuanshanzi and Dahongyu formations has been constrained to 1.8–1.6 Ga. Second, the Jixian System including the Gaoyuzhuang, Yangzhuang, Wumishan, Hongshuizhuang and Tieling formations has been constrained to 1.6–1.4 Ga. Third, an as-yet unnamed (undefined) system (1.4–1.0 Ga) is only developed in the Xiamaling Formation at the Jixian section, Tianjing. Fourth, the Qingbaikou System, including the Luotuoling and Jing’eryu formations has been constrained to 1.0–0.78 Ga. Fifth, the Nanhuan System ranges between 780–635 Ma, and the Sinian System is within 635–542 Ma. However, according to a series of SHRIMP U-Pb dates from the late Precambrian in the Jiangnan Orogen Belt in South China Platform, the constrained strata will be redefined as in the upper part of the Qingbaikou System. To aid global geodynamics, it is useful to denote a late Precambrian section with unified, precise and high-precision chronological dating; this is here defined in North China Block and Jiaoliao-Korean Block. However, the Neoproterozoic Qingbaikou study in North China will be influence in whole Meso- and Neoproterozoic in the Jiangnan Orogenic Belt in between the Yangtze Block and the Cathaysia Block in South China.  相似文献
7.
8.
本文应用LA-ICP-MS对浙江浦江地区平水群陈塘坞组砂岩样品进行碎屑锆石U Pb定年,获得最年轻锆石峰值年龄为828±3.8 Ma,代表了该套地层沉积时代的下限,结合陈塘坞组凝灰岩中获得的SHRIMP锆石U Pb年龄825.3±8.1 Ma和830±6 Ma,将浦江地区平水群地层时代限定于新元古代中期,并置于富阳地区的双溪坞群和绍兴地区的平水组之上。浦江地区平水群主体为一套浅变质、弱变形的海相火山熔岩、火山碎屑岩和沉积火山碎屑岩,陈塘坞组沉积岩骨架颗粒统计结果表明,火山岩屑含量在60%~80%,沉积岩屑含量在10%~30%之间,长石含量一般在15%~20%之间,石英含量很少,呈次棱角状,无分选,磨圆差,显示了近源特征。其物源为岩浆弧,沉积岩碎屑锆石年龄集中在850~800Ma之间,缺少1000Ma左右及更老的的碎屑锆石,表明陈塘坞组火山碎屑源于沉积同期的火山岩,同时也说明平水群形成于一个新岩浆弧邻近地区。浦江地区平水群与双桥山群无论在时空上还是构造属性上都显示出配套的弧盆体系特征,表明两者存在一定的成因联系。  相似文献
9.
铁建造和鲕铁岩是地史上两类主要的富铁沉积,不仅记录了地球大气与海洋氧化还原状态和化学条件演变,而且也反应了构造运动、岩浆活动和生物的相互作用过程.过去对铁建造已有深入研究,而有关前寒武纪铁岩成因与古海洋和构造背景研究甚少.运用扫描电镜(scanning electronic microscopy,简称SEM)、X射线衍射(X-ray diffraction,简称XRD)、能谱(energy dispersive spectroscopy,简称EDS)技术分析铁鲕的微组构、矿物成分和化学组成,讨论华北串岭沟组(1.65~1.64 Ga)鲕铁岩的成因环境及其与Columbia超大陆裂解的关系.研究表明,铁鲕主要由赤铁矿和少量高岭石组成,贫陆源碎屑和Al2O3;鲕包壳由微片状赤铁矿构成的致密和疏松纹层交互组成;Fe-Al呈明显的负相关性,表明铁主要源于缺氧富铁深海水体而非陆源风化.鲕铁岩集中在快速海进和低陆源输入引起的沉积饥饿期,发育于氧化还原界面附近的潮下贫氧环境.与超大陆裂解伴生的岩浆活动、基底沉降和快速海侵是促进鲕铁岩形成的重要因素.串岭沟组底部铁岩是华北地台响应Columbia超大陆裂解而发生构造与环境转化的重要沉积记录.  相似文献
10.
云南晋宁地区柳坝塘组凝灰岩SHRIMP 锆石U-Pb年龄(890±9Ma、834±34Ma)和Hf同位素分析结果,有利于云南晋宁地区青白口系的年代定位,为中国南、北方青白口纪地层对比提供了可靠的同位素年龄数据。通过同位素年代学研究探讨昆阳群与八街群的关系,对比华南块体青白口系区域地层和构造演化序列,特别是对晋宁运动底界年龄进行限定。对柳坝塘组凝灰岩样品LBT26-3和LBT26-4进行Hf同位素分析。结果显示,柳坝塘组凝灰岩主要来自于中元古代的岩浆物质,几乎不含地壳组分。样品LBT26-3的εHf(t)值较高,二阶段Hf模式年龄较小,说明其组分为更年轻的岩浆物质,显示在柳坝塘组形成时期可能发生了持续的陆壳增生事件,此区域可能更多为洋壳组成。上述年龄为云南青白口纪地层的对比增添了可靠的年代学依据。  相似文献
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