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华北基性岩墙群的古地磁极及其哥伦比亚超大陆重建意义   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:1  
从华北克拉通的中西部和东部发育的基性岩墙群获得三个精确定年的实际古地磁极位置(VGPs)。华北克拉通中西部恒山GU岩墙的斜锆石U-Pb年龄为1769±3Ma,该岩墙的古地磁给出古地磁极位置在北纬36°,东经247° (dp=2, dm=4); 华北克拉通东部DY岩墙的斜锆石U-Pb年龄为1620.8±6.9Ma, 获得的古地磁极位置为北纬6.9°东经81.9°(dp=4.31, dm=6.09); 东部另一条岩墙LW4的SHRIMP U-Pb 年龄为1157±18Ma, 获得的古地磁极位置为北纬27.1°东经162°(dp=15.8, dm=18.7)。通过将这三个从基性岩墙获得的华北克拉通古地磁极位置与加拿大地盾的中元古代视极移曲线对比,在中元古代早期(1800~1600Ma),华北克拉通与加拿大地盾一起同属哥伦比亚超大陆,而在中元古代晚期(1600~1200Ma),华北克拉通与加拿大地盾分离,响应哥伦比亚超大陆的最终裂解事件。  相似文献
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The Midcontinent Rift (MCR) of North America comprises a series of basaltic sheets, flows and intrusive rocks emplaced in the Lake Superior region during the Mesoproterozoic. The mafic rocks preserved on the northern flank of Lake Superior represent the older portions of the rift sequence and offer insights into the early development of the rift. New geochronological, geochemical and paleomagnetic data are presented for the dikes and sills located in and south of Thunder Bay, Ontario. Three sill suites are recognized within the study area; an earlier, spatially restricted ultramafic unit termed the Riverdale sill, the predominant Logan sills and Nipigon sills in the north of the study area. In addition three dike sets are recognized, the north-east trending Pigeon River swarm, the north-west trending Cloud River dikes and the Mt. Mollie dike. The geochemical data demonstrate that the majority of sills south of Thunder Bay are of Logan affinity and distinct from those of broadly similar age in the Nipigon Embayment to the north. The Pigeon River dikes that intrude the sills are geochemically coherent but distinct from the Logan sills and could not be feeders to the sills. The new age of 1109.2 ± 4.2 Ma for the Cloud River dike and its R polarity are consistent with published magnetostratigraphy. The Mt. Mollie dike age (1109.3 ± 6.3 Ma) indicates that it is not coeval with the spatially associated Crystal Lake gabbro as previously thought. The complexity of the dike and sill suites on the northern flank of suggests that the early phases of rifting occurred in distinct and changing stress fields prior to the main extensional rifting preserved in younger rocks to the south. The geochemistry and geochronology of the intrusions suggest a long-lived and complex magmatic history for the Midcontinent Rift.  相似文献
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