首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  国内免费   6篇
  完全免费   7篇
  地质学   13篇
  2017年   2篇
  2016年   1篇
  2015年   9篇
  2014年   1篇
排序方式: 共有13条查询结果,搜索用时 93 毫秒
1.
布鲁斯台辉长岩位于中天山南缘缝合带中段古洛沟蛇绿岩以北30km,是该带上出露的为数不多的较大的基性侵入岩体。辉长岩主要由斜长石(35%~45%)、单斜辉石(20%~25%)和角闪石(30%~35%)组成,角闪石主要为交代辉石后的产物。岩石化学成分显示,辉长岩具有高Al2O3(15.43%~23.20%)和CaO(12.96%~14.48%),低碱K2O(0.13%~0.19%)、Na2O(1.47%~3.00%)、P2O5(0.03%~0.07%)和TiO2(0.34%~0.61%)的特征。辉长岩稀土元素球粒陨石标准化配分模式与E-MORB相似,但ΣREE低(12.91×10-6~23.14×10-6),微量元素具有Ba、U、K、Sr等LILE富集和Nb、Ta、Zr、Hf、Th等HFSE亏损的特点。锆石原位εHf(t)值为+9.7~+15.0。上述特征反映辉长岩形成的构造背景为活动大陆边缘,源区为受俯冲流体影响的亏损地幔橄榄岩,且在上升的过程中未遭受地壳的明显混染。La、Sm、Yb判别图解显示岩石可能是亏损的尖晶石二辉橄榄岩发生5%~10%的部分熔融的产物。锆石LA-ICP-MS测年表明,辉长岩形成年龄为316.8±2.1Ma(MSWD=3.4,n=36)。结合区域地质、年代学和地球化学的资料,我们提出至少在晚石炭世,南天山洋还存在洋内和洋陆俯冲事件,南天山洋闭合的时间可能在更晚的早二叠世,而不是志留纪或者早泥盆世。  相似文献
2.
田亚洲  杨经绥 《地质学报》2016,90(11):3114-3128
铬铁矿中矿物包体的研究对于探索铬铁矿的成因具有重要的指示意义。通过薄片扫描电镜背散射结合电子探针分析,在萨尔托海高铝铬铁矿中发现了大量矿物包体,包括:单斜辉石、斜方辉石、橄榄石、钠-金云母、钠-铬韭闪石、出溶的单斜辉石等,这些矿物呈单相或多相产出,在铬尖晶石结晶时被包裹。含水矿物钠-金云母,钠-铬韭闪石的大量出现指示含水环境,表明铬铁矿形成于含水的母岩浆中,可能形成于受俯冲流体/熔体影响的弧后扩张背景。结合之前在萨尔托海铬铁矿中发现的超高压矿物金刚石,认为萨尔托海铬铁矿的形成可能经历了深部地幔和浅部含水大洋岩石圈两个阶段。  相似文献
3.
泽当岩体位于雅鲁藏布江缝合带东段,主要由地幔橄榄岩、辉长辉绿岩和基性火山岩等组成。地幔橄榄岩主要为方辉橄榄岩和二辉橄榄岩,有少量透镜状纯橄岩。地幔橄榄岩经历了强烈的塑性变形作用。地幔橄榄岩中橄榄石的Fo值为89.6~91.8,属镁橄榄石;斜方辉石为顽火辉石,En 87.8~90.3;单斜辉石En 44.1~50.0,主要为顽透辉石和透辉石。铬尖晶石的Cr#值(=100×Cr/(Cr+Al))为17.0~93.6,其中,二辉橄榄岩和方辉橄榄岩中的铬尖晶石为富铝型尖晶石,纯橄岩中的铬尖晶石Cr#最高,为富铬型尖晶石。地幔橄榄岩的部分熔融程度为17%~34%,表明泽当地幔橄榄岩可能经历了多阶段的过程。亏损的主量元素组成和低于原始地幔的稀土元素含量(0.15×10-6~0.61×10-6)指示泽当地幔橄榄岩为经历过部分熔融和熔体抽取的亏损残余地幔岩石。REE配分型式为中稀土亏损的"V"型或"U"型,原始地幔标准化元素比值(La/Sm)N为0.5~8.0,表明泽当地幔橄榄岩经历过交代作用。矿物化学与地球化学数据表明泽当地幔橄榄岩形成于MOR环境,后受到SSZ环境的改造。  相似文献
4.
在萨尔托海高铝型铬铁矿中发现20余种矿物,包括金刚石、单质铬、自然铁和单质硅等自然元素类;碳化物碳硅石;铁镍、铁镍铬合金等金属合金;方铁矿、金红石、赤铁矿、磁铁矿、钛铁矿、石英和铬尖晶石等氧化物类;方铅矿、闪锌矿、针镍矿、赫硫镍矿和毒砂等硫化物类;镁橄榄石、顽火辉石、透辉石、蛇纹石、锆石和长石等硅酸岩类。这些超高压、强还原性和壳源矿物与俄罗斯极地乌拉尔以及西藏罗布莎铬铁矿可以对比,暗示萨尔托海高铝铬铁矿和高铬铬铁矿一样,可能存在深部地幔成矿阶段。深部地幔矿物以及浅部壳源矿物的发现,暗示萨尔托海铬铁矿的形成可能经历了深部地幔预富集和浅部再造富集成矿两个阶段。  相似文献
5.
In recent years diamonds and other exotic minerals have been recovered from mantle peridotites and high-Cr chromitites of a number of ophiolites of different age and different tectonic environments. Here we report a similar collection of minerals from the Sartohay ophiolite of Xinjiang Province,western China,which is characterized by having high-Al chromitites. Several samples of massive podiform chromitite with an aggregate weight of nearly 900 kg yielded diamonds,moissanite and other highly reduced minerals,as well as common crustal minerals. Thus far,more than 20 grains each of diamond and moissanite have been recovered from heavy mineral separates of the chromitites. The diamonds are all 100-200 μm in size and range in color from pale yellow to reddish-orange to colorless. Most of the grains are anhedral to subhedral octahedra,commonly with elongate forms exhibiting well-developed striations. They all display characteristic Raman spectra with shifts between 1325 cm-1 and 1333 cm-1,mostly 1331.51 cm-1 or 1326.96 cm-1. The moissanite grains are light blue to dark blue,broken crystals,50-150 μm across,commonly occurring as small flakes or fragments. Their typical Raman spectra have shifts at 762 cm-1,785 cm-1,and 966 cm-1. This investigation extends the occurrence of diamonds and moissanite to a Paleozoic ophiolite in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt and demonstrates that these minerals can also occur in high-Al chromitites. We conclude that diamonds and moissanite are likely to be ubiquitous in ophiolitic mantle peridotites and chromitites.  相似文献
6.
7.
In recent years diamonds and other unusual minerals (carbides, nitrides, metal alloys and native elements) have been recovered from mantle peridotites and chromitites (both high–Cr chromitites and high–Al chromitites) from a number of ophiolites of different ages and tectonic settings. Here we report a similar assemblage of minerals from the Skenderbeu massif of the Mirdita zone ophiolite, west Albania. So far, more than 20 grains of microdiamonds and 30 grains of moissanites (SiC) have been separated from the podiform chromitite. The diamonds are mostly light yellow, transparent, euhedral crystals, 200–300 μm across, with a range of morphologies; some are octahedral and cuboctahedron and others are elongate and irregular. Secondary electron images show that some grains have well–developed striations. All the diamond grains have been analyzed and yielded typical Raman spectra with a shift at ~1325 cm–1. The moissanite grains recovered from the Skenderbeu chromitites are mainly light blue to dark blue, but some are yellow to light yellow. All the analyzed grains have typical Raman spectra with shifts at 766 cm–1, 787 cm–1, and 967 cm–1. The energy spectrums of the moissanites confirm that the grains are composed entirely of silicon and carbon. This investigation expands the occurrence of diamonds and moissanites to Mesozoic ophiolites in the Neo–Tethys. Our new findings suggest that diamonds and moissanites are present, and probably ubiquitous in the oceanic mantle and can provide new perspectives and avenues for research on the origin of ophiolites and podiform chromitites.  相似文献
8.
9.
10.
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号