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鲁东诸城盆地白垩系由下向上包括林家庄组、辛格庄组和红土崖组.下白垩统林家庄组为杂色粗碎屑岩系;上白垩统辛格庄组为杂色细碎屑岩系,红土崖组为砖红色砂岩、砾岩互层沉积夹玄武岩(73.5 Ma),为恐龙化石埋藏层位,并与区域上莱阳青岛龙及恐龙蛋化石等产出层位可以对比.诸城地区晚白垩世时期主要为冲洪积沉积环境,辛格庄组上部为洪泛平原粉砂岩-细砂岩-灰质土加积序列,局部夹扇中辫状河砾岩、粗砂岩,红土崖组下部与下伏辛格庄组顶部过渡部位是冲积扇泥石流、辫状河和洪泛平原粉砂泥质砾岩、砂岩加积沉积序列.识别出与冲积扇沉积体系相关的3种埋藏相类型:冲积扇泥石流、洪泛平原和辫状河河道(砂砾岩),前二者是研究区主要的埋藏相类型.所含化石主要为鸭嘴龙的残体骨骼,个体大小参差不等,互相间可叠盖一起,同时也有孤立发育的骨骼化石.高密度、单一种类恐龙残体骨骼化石的沉积、埋藏特征代表了恐龙集群埋藏-沉积事件.  相似文献
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We describe a new species of Early Cretaceous bird from the Yixian Formation of Liaoning Province. Xinghaiornis lini gen. et sp. nov. is relatively large and characterized by a long, toothless rostrum and an elevated pedal digit I. The design of the skull and feet suggests that this bird was likely a mud-prober. This discovery provides strong support indicating that this avian trophic specialization originated at least 125 million years ago.  相似文献
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On the basis of the taphonomy, osteological anatomy and ontogenetic variation, Zhuchengosaurus maximus Zhao et al., 2007 is considered to be synonymic with Shantungosaurus giganteus Hu, 1973 herein. This paper also deals with the life behavior of S. giganteus and the environment in which S. giganteus lived. S. giganteus is considered to be a terrestrial and gregarious herbivorous dinosaur and lived in hills and intervales in warm weather with plentiful rain and flourishing vegetation.  相似文献
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We report on a new species of enantiornithine bird from the Lower Cretaceous Qiaotou Formation of northern Hebei, China. The new taxon, Shenqiornis mengi gen. et sp. nov., possesses several enantiornithine synapomorphies but is unique from other known species. The specimen has a well-preserved skull that reveals new information about enantiornithine cranial morphology. The new taxon possesses a large postorbital with a long tapering jugal process indicating that some enantiornithines may have had a fully diapsid skull, as in Confuciusornis. The tooth morphology of the specimen is unique and likely represents a previously unknown trophic specialization within Enantiornithes.  相似文献
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松辽盆地嫩江组二段下部沉积期发生了大规模的湖侵事件,在整个盆地范围形成一套黑色泥页岩夹油页岩。然而,前人对嫩江组二段的地层及相关地质事件的研究主要基于井下岩心,地表露头不多见。通过调查,在松辽盆地东缘农安县青山口第二松花江沿岸发现一新的剖面——岳王城剖面,出露连续的嫩江组一段顶部—二段下部地层。通过对该套地层进行厘米级的描述和详细的分层,将该剖面地层划分为24层,累计厚度31.54m。第1层为嫩江组一段顶部,为青灰色砂质泥岩,含少量介形类化石;第2~24层为嫩江组二段下部,主体为暗色泥页岩夹油页岩、泥灰岩等,含丰富的介形类、叶肢介、鱼类,少量有孔虫及其他生物。此外,在嫩江组底部还发现一层火山灰和一层磷块岩。对其中的介形类化石进行初步研究,识别出11属18种。通过介形虫古生态和沉积学研究,并结合其他手段,初步探讨了该沉积期的湖泊环境,认为嫩二段下部沉积期经历了一次大规模湖侵,从一段顶部的滨浅湖过渡为二段下部的深湖环境,之后湖平面在波动中逐渐下降。  相似文献
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季强  季燕南  王旭日 《地质学刊》2018,42(3):349-350
科学界普遍认为海德堡人是现代人、尼安德特人以及神秘的"杰尼索娃人"的共同祖先。就在海德堡人发现之后25年,即1933年,中国东北哈尔滨的一位农民被日本军队强征去当劳工,在修建东江桥时发现了1件非常奇怪的人头化石,该化石显得十分粗壮,而且眉骨特别厚。这位农民虽然对海德堡人一无所知,但意识到这件人头化石可能非常珍贵,没有将其交给日本兵,而是偷偷地带回家,包裹好后扔进了自家的水井中,连夜用土将水井封埋。2017年,他的孙子在桂林遇见了季强并讲述了此事,经劝说,将这件人头化石捐献给了河北地质大学,永久性收藏于该校的地球科学博物馆。这件人头化石十分完整,许多形态特征与欧洲发现的海德堡人非常相似。目前,季强正在组建研究团队,对这件珍稀的古人类头颅化石开展研究。研究成果有望改变人们对人类发展历史的认识。  相似文献
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We herein describe a partial postcranial skeleton of a sauropod dinosaur recovered from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group in the Beipiao area of western Liaoning Province, northeastern China. A suite of features it possesses, including the camellate internal structure of its presacral elements, the existence of pneumatocoels on the proximal ends of the dorsal ribs, and especially the medially deflected proximal portion of the femur, definitively establish the titanosauriform affinities of the specimen. It differs from other titanosauriforms in having a craniocaudally elongate coracoid with a squared cranioventral extreme and a long, smooth, and slightly convex acetabular edge of the pubis. It represents a new taxon, Dongbeititan dongi gen. et sp. nov. Comparative studies suggest that Dongbeititan is a basal titanosauriform, more derived than Euhelopus, Fusuisaurus, and Huanghetitan, but less derived than Gobititan and Jiutaisaurus. Dongbeititan represents the first sauropod dinosaur reported from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of western Liaoning Province.  相似文献
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1 Introduction The Jiufotang Formation is one of the most fossil- productive Early Cretaceous deposits of China. It overlies the famous Yixian Formation from which many important taxa were found (Ji et al., 2004; Chang et al., 2003; Zhou et al., 2003). In addition to other vertebrates, pterosaurs, the first flying reptiles in Earth history, are also abundant in the Jiufotang Formation. At present, nine species belonging to five genera have been reported from the Jiufotang Formation. The…  相似文献
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