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在东准噶尔卡拉麦里地区的五彩湾一带出露一套具磨拉石特征的火山沉积建造,下部为具磨拉石特征的砾岩、砂岩,上部为一套中基性的火山熔岩夹中酸性的火山凝灰岩.1∶20万卡拉麦里山幅将其归入下石炭统松喀尔苏组.通过1:5万地质调查研究发现,该火山沉积建造底部以一套粗砾岩高角度不整合于下-中泥盆统卡拉麦里组之上,含晚泥盆世植物化石Prelepidodendronsp.(先鳞木),中上部火山岩LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄为346.8±3.3Ma,且被年龄为341.1±4.0Ma~340.9±5.1Ma后碰撞花岗岩侵入,表明其形成时代为晚泥盆世-早石炭世,时代上对应于北准噶尔地层分区的上泥盆统克安库都克组.该套地层中上部的火山岩的岩石组合为玄武岩、玄武安山岩、夹少量的流纹质凝灰岩,岩石化学特征上属钙碱性-高钾钙碱性系列,(La/Yb)N=2.97~6.66,Nb、Ta亏损,部分样品Zr、Ti弱显亏损,Nb/U、Ce/Pb比值分别为7.43~20.88、3.17~12.45.地球化学特征表明其兼具板内火山岩和弧火山岩的某些特点,形成于后碰撞伸展环境,是卡拉麦里洋盆于晚泥盆世之前闭合后后碰撞岩浆活动的产物.这一研究成果对广为关注的卡拉麦里洋盆的闭合时间进行了很好的限定.  相似文献
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喀拉萨依岩体位于东准噶尔卡拉麦里碱性花岗岩带西端,由钾长花岗岩和二长花岗岩组成。LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄为307.7±3.2Ma~309.6±2.0Ma,岩石高硅(SiO2平均含量为77.25%)、富碱(K2O+Na2O=7.50%~9.23%)、低铝(A/CNK=0.922~1.084),贫钙、镁;富集Rb、K、Th等大离子亲石元素及Zr、Hf等高场强元素和稀土元素,亏损Ba、Sr、Eu。10000Ga/Al值变化于7.00~10.35之间,总体上具碱性A型花岗岩的特征,是该岩带东侧老鸦泉—黄羊山A型花岗岩岩基经高程度分异演化的产物,并非前人认为的S型花岗岩。岩体具正εNd(t)值(3.5~6.0)和年轻的Nd模式年龄(TDM2=520~630Ma),Pb同位素投点位于造山带演化线附近,同位素数据显示岩浆来源于新生造山带下部的年轻地壳。从本次1∶5万区调成果看,卡拉麦里洋盆在晚泥盆世之前已经闭合,从晚泥盆世开始转入碰撞后的拉张环境,在晚石炭世早期进入板内裂谷发展阶段,因此喀拉萨依岩体应是该区板内裂谷阶段而非前人所说的后碰撞阶段的产物。  相似文献
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新疆富蕴县滴水泉-畜牧办侵入体出露于卡拉麦里断裂以南,呈北西西向带状分布,以碱长花岗岩体为主,也可见规模较小的角闪辉长岩体。碱长花岗岩体的岩石组合为碱长花岗斑岩+碱长花岗岩,高硅(SiO2=71.07%~76.71%),富碱(Na2O+K2O=7.41%~9.07%)、K2O>Na2O(平均为1.10),显示出A型花岗岩的特点。角闪辉长岩体涌动侵入于碱长花岗岩体之中,二者接触带附近发育浆混性质的石英闪长岩。辉长岩+花岗岩的双峰式岩石组合、构造判别图解R2-R1及区域地质背景指示滴水泉侵入体形成于陆内伸展环境,且花岗岩体具有"钉合岩体"的作用,穿插了卡拉麦里蛇绿岩带。结合岩体的LA-ICP-MS锆石年龄(碱长花岗岩的206Pb/238U加权平均年龄为321±2Ma,角闪辉长岩的206Pb/238U加权平均年龄为319±3Ma)可知,卡拉麦里洋盆在晚石炭世早期(321Ma)之前已经闭合。同位素及微量元素特征显示,碱长花岗岩为年轻地壳部分熔合融的产物,而角闪辉长岩则来源于亏损的软流圈地幔及俯冲交代的地幔楔物质,代表了同期花岗岩的底侵岩浆演化的产物。辉长岩与花岗岩相似的εNd(t)值及明显的岩浆混合作用表明该区的花岗岩体并非来源于底侵岩浆的高度分异或底侵体的部分熔融,而最可能为底侵体之上的年轻地壳的部分熔融,这一结论与最近一些学者研究的断裂以北的花岗岩体成因机制相同。晚石炭世早期幔源底侵体的发现,为卡拉麦里地区后碰撞花岗岩类的幔源底侵作用提供了可靠的地质依据。  相似文献
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东准噶尔卡拉麦里蛇绿岩带南侧分布有大量的石炭纪侵入体,主要出露于五彩城、滴水泉一带及野马站地区。通过对卡拉麦里断裂以南侵入体岩石类型、锆石年代学、地球化学的综合分析,划分出早石炭世后碰撞I型花岗岩类及晚石炭世陆内双峰式侵入岩(碱长花岗岩+角闪辉长岩)。结合断裂以北黄羊山、老鸦泉岩体新近发表的数据及区域内火山岩的研究成果,对卡拉麦里地区石炭纪-二叠纪构造-岩浆演化过程给出了新认识,即卡拉麦里地区从后碰撞到陆内伸展的构造转换时间为早石炭世末期-晚石炭世早期,后碰撞阶段岩浆岩以钙碱性I型花岗岩、玄武安山岩、安山岩为特点,陆内伸展阶段以典型的双峰式岩浆岩(辉长岩+花岗岩、玄武岩+流纹岩)及A型花岗岩为特点,卡拉麦里地区具有正εNd值的花岗岩类来源于亏损地幔形成的年轻地壳的部分熔融。  相似文献
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喀拉萨依岩体位于东准噶尔卡拉麦里碱性花岗岩带西端,由钾长花岗岩和二长花岗岩组成。LA-ICP-MS锆石U-Pb年龄为307.7±3.2Ma~309.6±2.0Ma,岩石高硅(Si O2平均含量为77.25%)、富碱(K2O+Na2O=7.50%~9.23%)、低铝(A/CNK=0.922~1.084),贫钙、镁;富集Rb、K、Th等大离子亲石元素及Zr、Hf等高场强元素和稀土元素,亏损Ba、Sr、Eu。10000Ga/Al值变化于7.00~10.35之间,总体上具碱性A型花岗岩的特征,是该岩带东侧老鸦泉—黄羊山A型花岗岩岩基经高程度分异演化的产物,并非前人认为的S型花岗岩。岩体具正εNd(t)值(3.5~6.0)和年轻的Nd模式年龄(TDM2=520~630Ma),Pb同位素投点位于造山带演化线附近,同位素数据显示岩浆来源于新生造山带下部的年轻地壳。从本次1∶5万区调成果看,卡拉麦里洋盆在晚泥盆世之前已经闭合,从晚泥盆世开始转入碰撞后的拉张环境,在晚石炭世早期进入板内裂谷发展阶段,因此喀拉萨依岩体应是该区板内裂谷阶段而非前人所说的后碰撞阶段的产物。  相似文献
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The Bulqiza ultramafic massif, which is part of the eastern Mirdita ophiolite of northern Albania, is world renowned for its high-Cr chromitite deposits. High-Cr chromitites hosted in the mantle section are the crystallized products of boninitic melts in a supra-subduction zone (SSZ). However, economically important high-Al chromitites are also present in massive dunite of the mantle-crust transition zone (MTZ). Chromian-spinel in the high-Al chromitites and dunites of the MTZ have much lower Cr# values (100Cr/(Cr+Al)) (47.7–55.1 and 46.5–51.7, respectively) than those in the high-Cr chromitites (78.2–80.4), harzburgites (72.6–77.9) and mantle dunites (79.4–84.3). The chemical differences in these two types of chromitites are reflected in the behaviors of their platinum-group elements (PGE). The high-Cr chromitites are rich in IPGE relative to PPGE with 0.10–0.45 PPGE/IPGE ratios, whereas the high-Al chromitites have relatively higher PPGE/IPGE ratios between 1.20 and 7.80. The calculated melts in equilibrium with the high-Cr chromitites are boninitic-like, and those associated with the high-Al chromitites are MORB-like but with hydrous, oxidized and TiO2-poor features. We propose that the coexistence of both types of chromitites in the Bulqiza ultramafic massif may indicates a change in magma composition from MORB-like to boninitic-like in a proto-forearc setting during subduction initiation.  相似文献
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In recent years diamonds and other unusual minerals (carbides, nitrides, metal alloys and native elements) have been recovered from mantle peridotites and chromitites (both high–Cr chromitites and high–Al chromitites) from a number of ophiolites of different ages and tectonic settings. Here we report a similar assemblage of minerals from the Skenderbeu massif of the Mirdita zone ophiolite, west Albania. So far, more than 20 grains of microdiamonds and 30 grains of moissanites (SiC) have been separated from the podiform chromitite. The diamonds are mostly light yellow, transparent, euhedral crystals, 200–300 μm across, with a range of morphologies; some are octahedral and cuboctahedron and others are elongate and irregular. Secondary electron images show that some grains have well–developed striations. All the diamond grains have been analyzed and yielded typical Raman spectra with a shift at ~1325 cm–1. The moissanite grains recovered from the Skenderbeu chromitites are mainly light blue to dark blue, but some are yellow to light yellow. All the analyzed grains have typical Raman spectra with shifts at 766 cm–1, 787 cm–1, and 967 cm–1. The energy spectrums of the moissanites confirm that the grains are composed entirely of silicon and carbon. This investigation expands the occurrence of diamonds and moissanites to Mesozoic ophiolites in the Neo–Tethys. Our new findings suggest that diamonds and moissanites are present, and probably ubiquitous in the oceanic mantle and can provide new perspectives and avenues for research on the origin of ophiolites and podiform chromitites.  相似文献
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