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本文调研了国内外近些年在页岩油(气)微尺度流动方面的研究成果.从分子动力学方法(MD)、格子玻尔兹曼方法(LBM)、孔隙网络模型(PNM)3种计算模型的角度展开分析,同时结合作者的前期工作,分析了影响页岩油(气)流动输运的关键因素,指出3种方法的局限性及存在的问题,认为PNM方法可作为微尺度流动研究的基础模型,并将3种方法之间的联系有机地体现在研究路线框图中,为页岩油(气)微尺度流动的研究指明了方向.  相似文献
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LBM钻井液是一种低粘度低失水量的高效造浆材料,通过在绳索取心中应用,证明了LBM钻井液具有良好的抑制水敏性地层膨胀与分散的能力.可有效防止粘附卡钻事故及解决钻杆内壁结垢问题.是绳索取心钻进较理想的钻井液材料。  相似文献
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以科钻一井金刚石取心钻进所产生岩屑的颗粒分布为依据,结合钻井工艺对钻井液性能的要求,介绍了一种低固相、低黏度、低切力、低失水、高分散的膨润土泥浆材料--LBM-SD,并分析了LBM-SD膨润土的分散机理.LBM-SD是由优质钠基膨润土(NV-1)与小相对分子质量的三元共聚物按照一定比例,经过混炼挤压而成.小相对分子质量的三元共聚物为丙烯酸、丙烯酰胺和丙烯腈按照一定工艺聚合而成的共聚物,其分子链上含有大量的羧钠基、酰胺基和腈基.LBM-SD膨润土颗粒呈高分散状态,平均粒径小于3μm.与人工钠基膨润土相比,平均粒径降低了41.7%,平均质量比表面积提高了43.6%,E电位值增加了28.4%.  相似文献
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通过西藏罗布莎科学钻孔施工过程冲洗液应用实践,结合现场试验室试验情况及实际生产过程中使用的泥浆类型、配方、性能特点、使用情况,总结出适合罗布莎铬铁矿区易坍塌、破碎、漏失、缩径等复杂地层钻探施工的冲洗液配方,并对不同类型冲洗液使用情况及存在的不足进行了阐述,对同一配方冲洗液在不同钻探工艺条件下使用所取得的不同效果做出了说明,为今后坍塌、破碎、漏失、缩径等复杂地层深部钻探的冲洗液配方选择提供了一些参考。  相似文献
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胡继良  陶士先  纪卫军 《探矿工程》2011,38(9):30-32,64
在破碎地层钻探施工中,提高破碎带地层破碎岩块之间的胶结力、快速封堵地层裂缝形成完整孔壁及适当的冲洗液密度是破碎地层孔壁稳定的关键。防塌型随钻堵漏剂、改性沥青的加入能有效封堵地层裂缝,提高孔壁承压能力。LBM冲洗液体系和接枝淀粉冲洗液体系具有良好的造壁性能和流变性能,在破碎地层施工中取得良好的使用效果。  相似文献
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The multiscale transport mechanism of methane in unconventional reservoirs is dominated by slip and transition flows resulting from the ultra-low permeability of micro/nano-scale pores, which requires consideration of the microscale and rarefaction effects. Traditional continuum-based computational fluid dynamics (CFD) becomes problematic when modeling micro-gaseous flow in these multiscale pore networks because of its disadvantages in the treatment of cases with a complicated boundary. As an alternative, the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), a special discrete form of the Boltzmann equation, has been widely applied to model the multi-scale and multi-mechanism flows in unconventional reservoirs, considering its mesoscopic nature and advantages in simulating gas flows in complex porous media. Consequently, numerous LBM models and slip boundary schemes have been proposed and reported in the literature. This study investigates the predominately reported LBM models and kinetic boundary schemes. The results of these LBM models systematically compare to existing experimental results, analytical solutions of Navier-Stokes, solutions of the Boltzmann equation, direct simulation of Monte Carlo (DSMC) and information-preservation DSMC (IP_DSMC) results, as well as the numerical results of the linearized Boltzmann equation by the discrete velocity method (DVM). The results point out the challenges and limitations of existing multiple-relaxation-times LBM models in predicting micro-gaseous flow in unconventional reservoirs.  相似文献
7.
Pore structures of porous media and properties of fluid flow are key factors for the study of non-Darcy groundwater flow. However, it is difficult to directly observe pore structures and flow properties, resulting in a “black box” problem of porous media. This problem has hindered the in-depth study of the groundwater flow mechanism at the pore scale. In recent years, 3D rapid prototyping technology has seen tremendous development. 3D printing provides digital models and printing models of porous media with clear internal structure. Thus, Lattice Boltzmann Method can be used to simulate the flow processes at the pore scale based on real pore structures. In this study, 3D printing cores and Lattice Boltzmann Method were coupled to conduct both laboratory and numerical experiments in spherical porous media with different sphere diameters and periodic arrays. The LBM simulation results show a good agreement with laboratory experimental results. With the advantages of LBM and 3D printing, this approach provides a visualization of the complex pore structure and fluid flow in pores, which is a promising method for studies of non-Darcy groundwater flow at the pore scale.  相似文献
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