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1.
生物成分系列标准物质的研制   总被引:11,自引:7,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
GSB系列生物标准物质包括大米、小麦、玉米、黄豆、圆白菜、菠菜、茶叶、奶粉、鸡肉和苹果等10种生物样品,用冷冻干燥等技术制备。由14个分析水平较高的实验室协作,采用等离子体质谱、等离子体光谱和仪器中子活化为主的10余种分析方法测试,共进行了22477次测定,取得了5136组平均值数据,定值元素59种,定标准值元素54种。  相似文献
2.
九个铁矿石标准物质研制   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
采集制备了9个铁矿石标准物质,全铁含量为20.17%~66.87%,涵盖了贫铁矿至铁精矿粉,能满足铁矿勘查和选冶的需要。采用精度相对较高的测试方法进行均匀性检验,结果表明样品均匀性良好。选择13家具有丰富经验的实验室采用不同原理的方法进行定值测试,定值项目14种,其中13种组分提供标准值,H2O+提供参考值。  相似文献
3.
钕同位素比值(143Nd/144Nd)是Sm-Nd同位素方法的关键量值,由于被测样品的143Nd/144Nd比值变化范围很小,所以对143Nd/144Nd比值测试的精准度要求很高(精度优于0.005%)。为了获得高精度和高准确度的测试数据,分析过程中所用Nd同位素标准物质起着重要作用。以往的Nd同位素标准物质都是氧化钕,经过近三十年有的已消耗殆尽。本文阐述了钕同位素比值143Nd/144Nd标准溶液的研制,经检验,标准溶液的均匀性和稳定性良好,由11家实验室协同定值,采用MC-TIMS和MC-ICP-MS方法测定143Nd/144Nd,确定了Nd同位素标准溶液的特性值143Nd/144Nd=0.512438,不确定度为5×10-6。此标准溶液于2015年5月获得国家标准样品证书(批号为GSB 04-3258-2015),可被用于地质、资源、海洋、环境、考古等多种样品143Nd/144Nd比值测定时的仪器校准和分析过程的质量监控。  相似文献
4.
钛铁矿化学成分标准物质研制   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
当前我国没有钛铁矿化学成分标准物质,只有与其相似的钒钛磁铁矿石标准物质,国外钛铁矿标准样品主要是钛铁矿精矿,不能有效地进行分析质量控制,因此迫切急需研制钛铁矿化学成分标准物质。本文研制了5个钛铁矿化学成分标准物质。样品采自山东省莒县棋山钛铁矿矿区、山东省沂水常庄钛铁矿矿区和河北省承德黑山钛铁矿矿区,采用流化床对撞式气流粉碎磨将样品细碎至粒度小于50μm,混合均匀后进行均匀性和稳定性检验,代表性元素的电感耦合等离子体发射光谱和电感耦合等离子体质谱分析结果表明方差检验的F值小于临界值,样品均匀性良好;所检验的元素经18个月6次分析,均未发现统计学意义的明显变化,样品的短期和长期稳定性良好;烘样温度(20~60℃)对亚铁(FeO)的稳定性并无影响,亚铁不会发生氧化。选择11家具有资质的实验室,采取经典分析方法与现代仪器分析技术相结合的方式,选用两种以上不同原理的准确度高的可靠方法对该标准物质联合定值,依照JJF 1343—2012和一级标准物质技术规范,5个钛铁矿化学成分标准物质给出了46项组分(包括主量、痕量和全部稀土元素)的认定值和不确定度,TiO2的含量范围为2.97%~19.76%,TFe的含量范围为18.88%~51.30%,基本涵盖了我国钛铁矿成矿类型,能够满足钛铁矿勘查、评价和开发的需求。  相似文献
5.
钛同位素标准溶液研制   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
钛同位素组成可用于地球化学和宇宙化学研究中,但目前国内外缺乏钛同位素标准物质.为了满足地质样品钛同位素分析的需要,本文研制了钛同位素标准溶液,报道了钛同位素标准溶液的研制过程和定值结果,包括标准溶液的选择、均匀性和稳定性检验、定值分析及测定数据的统计性检验等.通过初步测定,确定美国Alfa公司生产的Ti单元素溶液作为备选Ti同位素标准溶液.将备选标准溶液分装成150瓶,随机抽取15瓶进行均匀性检验,测试结果的F值均小于临界值,表明备选标准溶液的Ti同位素组成均匀.通过30个月的稳定性检验,标准溶液的特征量值变化在不确定度范围内.采用独家和多家实验室相结合的方法进行定值,标准溶液的特征量值及不确定度推荐为:δ50Ti=-2.23‰±0.14‰,δ49Ti=-1.67‰±0.09‰,δ48Ti=-1.13‰±0.06‰,δ47Ti=-0.57‰±0.05‰.研制的标准溶液可用于钛同位素分析时校正仪器和验证质谱分析过程,有利于不同实验室的测试数据之间的对比和应用.  相似文献
6.
Multi-Element Reference Samples of Black Shale   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
This paper describes the creation of two new reference samples of black shale, SCHS-1 and SLg-1, collected in the Bodaibo Region of Irkutsk District (Siberia, Russia). These samples have been developed as State Standard Samples to meet the requirements of Russia's Normative Documents, so that they can be recognised by the Russian State Certification Agency and included on the State Register of certified reference materials. SCHS-1 was produced from shale of the Khomolkho suite; SLg-1 represents the average composition of the Sukhoy Log gold deposit (within Au mineralisation). The homogeneity was assessed by applying the concept of potential inhomogeneity, and the inhomogeneity uncertainties (σinhom) for the indicator elements that were estimated experimentally by silicate XRF analysis. It was found that a majority of the indicator elements was characterised by σinhomp < 1/8 (Δp is the permissible certification uncertainty), and so σinhom was neglected for the indicator elements and all other elements that were included in their respective group. The value of σinhom calculated for Fe (σinhom,Fep > 1 /8) was taken into consideration for the noble metals and their associated elements (e.g., Ag, As, Au, etc.). More than fifty laboratories (thirty-seven from Russia) were involved in the interlaboratory experiment (ILE) to analyse these reference samples. The data obtained from the ILE allowed SCHS-1 and SLg-1 to be certified for, fifty-one and forty-three elements, respectively, as State Standard Samples.  相似文献
7.
New Series of Rock and Sediment Geochemical Reference Materials   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Certified or reference values for sixty six to sixty seven elements and element oxides are given for geochemical reference materials recently prepared by the Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration (IGGE), including limestone (GSR-13), granitic gneiss (GSR-14), amphibolite (GSR-15), lake sediment (GSS-9) and stream sediments (GSD-1a, GSD-13, GSD-14). These samples supplement the GSR 1-6, GSD1-8 and GSD 9-12 certified reference materials already prepared and characterized by the IGGE.  相似文献
8.
The preparation and characterisation of three nickel ores and two nickel concentrate certified reference materials are described in this paper. The samples of nickel ore and nickel concentrate were collected from the Hongqiling nickel deposit in Jilin province. The raw materials were crushed and passed through a 2.0‐mm sieve. The rough samples were then ground for 48 hr in a high‐alumina ball mill to a final size of < 0.074 mm. Homogeneity of the samples was tested by X‐ray fluorescence spectrometry (WD‐XRF) and inductively coupled plasma‐atomic emission spectrometry (ICP‐AES). The relative standard deviations (RSD) of results on mass fraction measurements by WD‐XRF were < 1.0% m/m for eighteen components. F‐tests showed that all five samples were homogeneous. Nineteen laboratories contributed with measurement results (2127 in total) for the certification of mass fractions for twenty‐three elements and compounds. Twenty‐three components in the nickel ores and twenty components in the nickel concentrates were characterised as certified values, while the Ni mass fractions ranges from 0.1 to 9.02% m/m in these certified reference materials. These five samples were approved as national certified reference materials by the National Organisation of Reference Materials of China in 2012.  相似文献
9.
Assigned values derived from the GeoPT proficiency testing programme were compared with certified values for six certified reference materials that have been used as test materials in the GeoPT programme. Statistical analysis showed that there were few significant differences between these sets of data and that these differences had no significant impact on the GeoPT assessment when fitness‐for‐purpose criteria were taken into account.  相似文献
10.
The preparation and characterisation of four chromium ore reference materials are described in this paper. The sample material for GCr‐1, GCr‐3 and GCr‐4 was collected from chromite deposits in Tibet, Qinghai province and Inner Mongolia. GCr‐2 is a composite sample from GCr‐1 and GCr‐4. Sample homogeneity was tested by WD‐XRF and the relative standard deviations were < 1.0%. An F‐test showed that all four materials were homogeneous. Thirteen laboratories involved in the inter‐laboratory programme provided 672 determinations (eighteen oxides and elements). Sixteen components were characterised as certified values, of which Cr2O3 ranged from 17.59 to 57.80% m/m. The contents of FeO and CO2 were taken as reference values.  相似文献
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