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1.
D. A. Carswell  R. N. Wilson  M. Zhai 《Lithos》2000,52(1-4):121-155
As is typical of ultra-high pressure (UHP) terrains, the regional extent of the UHP terrain in the Dabieshan of central China is highly speculative, since the volume of eclogites and paragneisses preserving unequivocal evidence of coesite and/or diamond stability is very small. By contrast, the common garnet (XMn=0.18–0.45)–phengite (Si=3.2–3.35)–zoned epidote (Ps38–97)–biotite–titanite–two feldspars–quartz assemblages in the more extensive orthogneisses have been previously thought to have formed under low PT conditions of ca. 400±50°C at 4 kbar. However, certain orthogneiss samples preserve garnets with XCa up to 0.50, rutile inclusions within titanite or epidote and relict phengite inclusions within epidote with Si contents p.f.u. of up to 3.49 — overlapping with the highest values (3.49–3.62) recorded for phengites in samples of undoubted UHP schists. These and other mineral composition features (such as A-site deficiencies in the highest Si phengites, Na in garnets linked to Y+Yb substitution and Al F Ti−1 O−1 substitution in titanites) are taken to be pointers towards the orthogneisses having experienced a similar metamorphic evolution to the associated UHP schists and eclogites. Re-evaluated garnet–phengite and garnet–biotite Fe/Mg exchange thermometry and calculated 5 rutile+3 grossular+2SiO2+H2O=5 titanite+2 zoisite equilibria indicate that the orthogneisses may indeed have followed a common subduction-related clockwise PT path with the UHP paragneisses and eclogites through conditions of Pmax at ca. 690°C–715°C and 36 kbar to Tmax at ca. 710°C–755°C and 18 kbar, prior to extensive re-crystallisation and re-equilibration of these ductile orthogneisses at ca. 400°C–450°C and 6 kbar. The consequential conclusion, that it is no longer necessary to resort to models of tectonic juxtapositioning to explain the spatial association of these Dabieshan orthogneisses with undoubted UHP lithologies, has far-reaching implications for the interpretation of controversial gneiss–eclogite relationships in other UHP metamorphic terrains.  相似文献
2.
汉诺坝榴辉岩相石榴辉石岩——岩浆底侵作用新证据   总被引:43,自引:12,他引:31       下载免费PDF全文
汉诺坝榴辉岩相石榴辉石岩捕虏体的产状、层状堆晶构造和粒状变晶结构,以及具有幔源成因的矿物学、REE地球化学特征和温压条件表明,其深部过程是由幔源岩浆底侵于上地幔顶部,形成镁铁质堆晶岩,再经榴辉岩相变质而成,它与下地壳底部的麻粒岩相镁铁质堆晶岩,提供了岩浆底侵作用和壳-幔过渡带存在的新证据。  相似文献
3.
Abstract In the Su-Lu ultrahigh- P terrane, eastern China, many coesite-bearing eclogite pods and layers within biotite gneiss occur together with interlayered metasediments now represented by garnet-quartz-jadeite rock and kyanite quartzite. In addition to garnet + omphacite + rutile + coesite, other peak-stage minerals in some eclogites include kyanite, phengite, epidote, zoisite, talc, nyböite and high-Al titanite. The garnet-quartz-jadeite rock and kyanite quartzite contain jadeite + quartz + garnet + rutile ± zoisite ± apatite and quartz + kyanite + garnet + epidote + phengite + rutile ± omphacite assemblages, respectively. Coesite and quartz pseudomorphs after coesite occur as inclusions in garnet, omphacite, jadeite, kyanite and epidote from both eclogites and metasediments. Study of major elements indicates that the protolith of the garnet-quartz jadeite rock and the kyanite quartzite was supracrustal sediments. Most eclogites have basaltic composition; some have experienced variable 'crustal'contamination or metasomatism, and others may have had a basaltic tuff or pyroclastic rock protolith.
The Su-Lu ultrahigh- P rocks have been subjected to multi-stage recrystallization and exhibit a clockwise P-T path. Inclusion assemblages within garnet record a pre-eclogite epidote amphibolite facies metamorphic event. Ultrahigh- P peak metamorphism took place at 700–890° C and P >28 kbar at c . 210–230 Ma. The symplectitic assemblage plagioclase + hornblende ± epidote ± biotite + titanite implies amphibolite facies retrogressive metamorphism during exhumation at c . 180–200 Ma. Metasedimentary and metamafic lithologies have similar P-T paths. Several lines of evidence indicate that the supracrustal rocks were subducted to mantle depths and experienced in-situ ultrahigh- P metamorphism during the Triassic collision between the Sino-Korean and Yangtze cratons.  相似文献
4.
Garnet peridotites occur as lenses, blocks or layers within granulite–amphibolite facies gneiss in the Dabie-Sulu ultra-high-pressure (UHP) terrane and contain coesite-bearing eclogite. Two distinct types of garnet peridotite were identified based on mode of occurrence and petrochemical characteristics. Type A mantle-derived peridotites originated from either: (1) the mantle wedge above a subduction zone, (2) the footwall mantle of the subducted slab, or (3) were ancient mantle fragments emplaced at crustal depths prior to UHP metamorphism, whereas type B crustal peridotite and pyroxenite are a portion of mafic–ultramafic complexes that were intruded into the continental crust as magmas prior to subduction. Most type A peridotites were derived from a depleted mantle and exhibit petrochemical characteristics of mantle rocks; however, Sr and Nd isotope compositions of some peridotites have been modified by crustal contamination during subduction and/or exhumation. Type B peridotite and pyroxenite show cumulate structure, and some have experienced crustal metasomatism and contamination documented by high 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.707–0.708), low εNd( t ) values (−6 to −9) and low δ18O values of minerals (+2.92 to +4.52). Garnet peridotites of both types experienced multi-stage recrystallization; some of them record prograde histories. High- P–T  estimates (760–970 °C and 4.0–6.5±0.2 GPa) of peak metamorphism indicate that both mantle-derived and crustal ultramafic rocks were subducted to profound depths >100 km (the deepest may be ≥180–200 km) and experienced UHP metamorphism in a subduction zone with an extremely low geothermal gradient of <5 °C km−1.  相似文献
5.
刘若新  李惠民 《岩石学报》1995,11(3):243-256
碧溪岭橄榄岩一榴辉岩体的原岩为形成於岛弧环境并经受结晶分离作用的镁铁-超镁铁质侵入体。它们形成于2210±39Ma或更早,于800~1000Ma时经受超高压变质之后上升于壳幔边界附近,并经受多期次高压退变质作用及韧性变形(660~410Ma),于210~250Ma时折返上升至地壳并伴随发生石榴石的重结晶以及随后在地壳条件下榴辉岩的角闪岩化。  相似文献
6.
柴达木北缘石榴石橄榄岩的发现及其意义   总被引:30,自引:0,他引:30  
本文论证了柴达木北缘胜利口含镁铝榴石超基性岩不是“似金伯利岩”而是石榴石橄榄岩。岩相学、矿物化学资料显示其为大陆边缘上覆于俯冲板块的地幔楔形区物质。石榴石橄榄岩在土地幔平衡的P-T条件为25×l0 ̄8Pa和850℃左右,显示造山带高压变质岩的地温特征。柴达木北缘石榴石橄榄岩与榴辉岩的发现表明它是一条高压变质带,是该地区古生代洋壳俯冲、大陆碰撞的产物。  相似文献
7.
在东喜马拉雅构造结南迦巴瓦岩群中,石榴辉石岩呈透镜状产于麻粒岩相变质的长英质片麻岩和泥质片岩之中。石榴辉石岩主要由富铁铝榴石的石榴子石和透辉石组成,含少量的金红石、榍石和石英,不含斜长石和角闪石,是榴辉岩相高压变质作用的产物,其原岩相当于基性—超基性层状侵入体中的辉长岩。在高压岩石快速抬升的过程中叠加了麻粒岩相和角闪岩相退变质作用。石榴辉石岩峰期变质作用的温度和压力条件是800~900°C和2.6~2.8GPa,变质时代可能为50Ma。本研究成果,以及超高压变质岩在西喜马拉雅构造结和榴辉岩在珠穆朗玛峰地区的存在,表明整个喜马拉雅造山带,从西构造结到东构造结,都经历了古近纪的高压、超高压变质作用,证明印度板块向欧亚板块之下的俯冲深度至少达到了80~100km。  相似文献
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10.
Abstract The calibration of geothermometers and geobarometers should involve not only the determination of the parameters in the equation used, but also the uncertainties on, and the correlations between, these parameters. This necessitates the use of a technique such as least squares. Given the poor performance of least squares in the presence of outliers in the data, techniques for identifying outliers for exclusion—regression diagnostics, and techniques for handling data which include outliers—robust regression and jackknifing, are essential. These techniques are summarized and their importance is emphasized, and they are applied to the calibration of the garnet-clinopyroxene Fe-Mg exchange geothermometer.
The experimental data of Raheim & Green (1974) and Ellis & Green (1979) are explored using regression diagnostics to discover outliers in the data. After exclusion of the two influential outliers found, a new geothermometer equation for garnet-clinopyroxene Fe-Mg exchange is derived using robust regression and based on all the data: thus, T (K) = 2790 + 10 P + 3140xca,g/1.735 + In K D where T is in Kelvin and P is in kbar. This equation, as might be hoped, is essentially identical to that of Ellis & Green (1979). Equations for calculating the uncertainty in a calculated temperature, contributed by uncertainties in the calibration, are also derived.  相似文献
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