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Incorporating prior geological knowledge in geophysical process models often meets practical meshing challenges and raises the question of how much detail is to be included in the geometric model. We introduce a strategy to automatically repair and simplify geological maps, geological cross-sections and the associated meshes while preserving elementary consistency rules. To identify features breaking validity and/or the thin features potentially problematic when generating a mesh, we associate an exclusion zone with each model feature (horizon, fault). When these zones overlap, both the connectivity and the geometry of the geological layers are automatically modified. The output model enforces specific practical quality criteria on the model topology and geometry that facilitates the generation of a mesh with lower bounds on minimum angles and minimum local entity sizes. Our strategy is demonstrated on an invalid geological cross-section from a real-case study in the Lorraine coal basin. We further explore the impacts of the model modifications on wave propagation simulation. We show that the differences on the seismograms due to model simplifications are relatively small if the magnitude of simplifications is adapted to the physical problem parameters.  相似文献
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吴冲龙  刘刚 《地质通报》2019,38(7):1081-1088
地质学定量化是地质学自身发展臻于成熟的重要标志。地质学家们经过长期艰难的探索和尝试,扫清了许多障碍并取得了令人瞩目的进展,但并未越过定性描述和不确定性门槛。在人类进入信息化和大数据时代的今天,地质学家们发现并找到了越过定量化之门的捷径。在以大数据和数据密集型计算为基础的第四范式支配下,地质学家有可能突破各种主客观因素的限制,使地质学进入更全面的定量化发展阶段,并取得地质科学原理和规律方面的新发现。换言之,在地质信息学的引领和支撑下,地质学将在新世纪得到快速发展。地质学家需要逐步建立与第四范式相适应的新地质科学观,即以查找和揭示隐藏于大数据中的多种地质要素关联关系为主要目标,然后在此基础上追究成因关系。  相似文献
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