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1.
X射线荧光光谱熔融制样法测定钛铁矿中主次量组分   总被引:16,自引:12,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
袁家义  吕振生  姜云 《岩矿测试》2007,26(2):158-159
采用熔融玻璃片法制样,X射线荧光光谱法测定钛铁矿中Fe、Ti、Si、Al、Ca、Mg、Mn、P、S、V和Cr等11种主次量组分。探讨了熔融钛铁矿的有效熔剂,认为Li2B4O7和Li2CO3混合熔剂效果好。方法用于钒钛磁铁矿等国家一级标准物质的测定,结果与标准值相符,对主、次量组分方法精密度(RSD,n=10)为0.20%~9.10%。  相似文献
2.
碎屑重矿物分析对库车坳陷白垩--第三纪物源变化的指示   总被引:11,自引:1,他引:10  
碎屑沉积是山脉隆升和盆地沉积的直接记录,包括碎屑重矿物研究在内的碎屑沉积物的分析是开展盆山耦合研究的必要手段。对库车坳陷白垩系—第三系砂岩中重矿物含量特征进行了系统的研究,并应用电子探针技术分析碎屑石榴石和钛铁矿的化学组成,研究表明库车坳陷白垩—第三系源区主要由沉积岩、变质岩和酸性火山岩组成。白垩系砂岩中的石榴石来自西南天山蓝片岩和低级变质岩的比例较大,而第三系砂岩中的石榴石中富铁铝榴石组分,多来自高级变质岩。白垩系砂岩中的钛铁矿多来自变质岩,上第三系砂岩中来自火成岩的钛铁矿比例增加。由此可以认为南天山的大规模隆升和剥蚀发生在第三纪以来,由于它的隆升遮挡了南天山北缘古生代增生杂岩体对库车坳陷的物质贡献,并且随着剥蚀的加深,高级变质岩和火成岩的出露越来越多。  相似文献
3.
雷州半岛英峰岭新生代玄武岩中的捕虏巨晶   总被引:9,自引:0,他引:9  
于津海  罗树文 《矿物学报》2000,20(2):191-199
广东雷州半岛英峰岭火山岩中的巨晶包括石榴子石、单斜辉、斜长石和钛铁矿。石榴子石和单斜辉石以富铁低镁为特征,Mg^#分别为0.28~0.46和0.47~0.58。同时,石榴子石富含CaO(7.02%和低Ca为特征,属三元长石类的含钾更长石(An30.3~15.2Ab64.7~74.8Or5.0~10.0)。石榴子石、单斜辉石、斜长石和钛铁矿巨晶各自具有明显的成分变化,而且相互间具有相关性,它们是由一  相似文献
4.
金红石中铁的存在形式的研究   总被引:6,自引:2,他引:4  
本文对我国不同地区和不同成因类型矿床及人工合成的金红石的20个样品进行了矿物学研究。结果表明,大多数金红石样品中都含有钛铁矿的嵌晶,金红石和嵌晶钛铁矿晶粒中多含有含钛赤铁矿(Titano-hematite)的出溶相。金红石晶粒中的含钛赤铁矿于600℃消失;而钛铁矿中的含钛赤铁矿于800℃消失,且整个晶粉转变成亚铁假板钛矿(Ferro-pseudobrookite)。总结出金红石中铁的三种存在形式:类质同象置换钛的Fe~(3+)、固溶体出溶相含钛赤钛铁矿中的Fe~(3+)及钛铁矿中所含的Fe~(2+)。  相似文献
5.
Microstructural and petrological analysis of samples with increasing strain in high‐pressure (HP) shear zones from the Haram garnet corona gabbro give insights into the deformation mechanisms of minerals, rheological properties of the shear zone and the role of deformation in enhancing metamorphic reactions. Scanning electron microscopy with electron backscattering diffraction (SEM–EBSD), compositional mapping and petrographic analysis were used to evaluate the nature of deformation in both reactants and products associated with eclogitization. Plagioclase with a shape‐preferred orientation that occurs in the interior part of layers in the mylonitic sample deformed by intracrystalline glide on the (0 0 1)[1 0 0] slip system. In omphacite, crystallographic preferred orientations indicate slip on (1 0 0)[0 0 1] and (1 1 0)[0 0 1] during deformation. Fine‐grained garnet deformed by diffusion creep and grain‐boundary sliding. Ilmenite deformed by dislocation glide on the basal and, at higher strains, prism planes in the a direction. Relationships among the minerals present and petrological analysis indicate that deformation and metamorphism in the shear zones began at 500–650 °C and 0.5–1.4 GPa and continued during prograde metamorphism to ultra‐high‐pressure (UHP) conditions. Both products and reactants show evidence of syn‐ and post‐kinematic growth indicating that prograde reactions continued after strain was partitioned away. The restriction of post‐kinematic growth to narrow regions at the interface of garnet and plagioclase and preservation of earlier syn‐kinematic microstructures in older parts layers that were involved in reactions during deformation show that diffusion distances were significantly shortened when strain was partitioned away, demonstrating that deformation played an important role in enhancing metamorphic reactions. Two important consequences of deformation observed in these shear zones are: (i) the homogenization of chemical composition gradients occurred by mixing and grain‐boundary migration and (ii) composition changes in zoned metamorphic garnet by lengthening diffusion distances. The application of experimental flow laws to the main phases present in nearly monomineralic layers yield upper limits for stresses of 100–150 MPa and lower limits for strain rates of 10−12 to 10−13 s−1 as deformation conditions for the shear zones in the Haram gabbro that were produced during subduction of the Baltica craton and resulted in the production of HP and UHP metamorphic rocks.  相似文献
6.
Abstract. There have been two primary sources for industrial indium; one from massive sulfides, while the other is dissemination-veins and skarns, related to felsic igneous rocks. The latter group of the In-bearing deposits is abundant in the Japanese Islands. Indium occurs as In-minerals such as sakuraiite, roquesite, laforetite and many unidentified minerals, but the majority is contained as an impurity in sphalerite, and tin and copper sulfides. Average grades of the ores from which indium has been extracted vary from a few ppm (e.g., Kosaka mine) to more than 300 ppm (Toyoha mine). The amount of indium in all the major basemetal deposits is estimated by analyzing representative samples. The main indium deposits are subvolcanic and tin-poly-metallic vein types. The largest one is Toyoha mine (4,700 tons hi) and the Ashio mine (ca. 1,200 tons In) was found to be the second largest. Many small occurrences, were recognized in the Miocene magnetite-series belt, besides the classic occurrences in the ilmenite-series granitic terrains of SW Japan, including the Ikuno and Akenobe tin(-tungsten) polymetallic veins, located in the northern margin of the late Cretaceous Sanyo ilmenite-series province. Magnetite-series magmas with deep source are necessary to concentrate sulfur in the magma chamber but sedimentary source rocks and their reducing agents are needed to collect and to precipitate indium. The Japanese islands are essentially accretionary terrains intruded by various deep oxidized magmas; thus forming magnetite/ilmenite-series paired belts, which are sometimes mixed. This unique geologic setting may be the most fundamental reason why indium is rich in vein-type deposits of the Japanese Island arcs.  相似文献
7.
西天山哈拉达拉辉长岩的Fe-Ti富集机制及其构造意义   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0  
贺鹏丽  黄小龙  李洪颜  李洁  于洋  李武显 《岩石学报》2013,29(10):3457-3472
特克斯哈拉达拉辉长岩体是西南天山出露规模最大的层状基性-超基性侵入杂岩体,其富含Fe-Ti氧化物(含量高达15%)。哈拉达拉辉长岩中的橄榄石具有较低的Fo值(64~75),斜长石主要为中-拉长石,单斜辉石相对低Mg#(0.66~0.87),属于次透辉石或普通辉石,总体上显示出较高的岩浆演化程度。Fe-Ti氧化物以钒钛磁铁矿为主(TiO2=0.8%~20.6%;V2O3=0.10%~0.83%),常与钛铁矿呈矿物对共生或出溶钛铁矿。晚期的云母矿物均围绕他形的Fe-Ti氧化物生长,主要为富MgO的金云母,少量属于黑云母;大部分云母成分富含F、Cl(F+Cl高达3.14%),指示岩浆形成于贫水环境。哈拉达拉辉长岩体的主量元素成分变化很大(Mg#=0.48~0.73),橄榄辉长岩主要受橄榄石和斜长石的结晶分异/堆晶作用影响,而辉长岩的成分变化主要受控于斜长石和Fe-Ti氧化物的堆晶作用。哈拉达拉岩体的Fe-Ti氧化物主要为岩浆正常结晶分异作用的结果,该体系具有较低氧逸度、贫水的特点,其地幔源区的熔融程度较高,可能是塔里木地幔柱在天山造山带这一构造薄弱带的早期岩浆活动。  相似文献
8.
钛铁矿中二氧化硅的硅钼蓝分光光度法测定   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
用氢氧化钠-过氧化钠混合熔剂分解样品,酸提取后加入亚硫酸钠水浴加热消除过氧化氢和大量钛的干扰,硅钼蓝分光光度法快速测定钛铁矿中二氧化硅的含量。经国家一级标准物质分析验证,结果与标准值相符,相对标准偏差(RSD,n=7)为0.34%~2.24%。  相似文献
9.
钛矿资源及其开发利用   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
钛金属因其特殊性能和广泛用途被称为“第三金属”,90%以上的钛矿物被用于TiO2颜料的生产,其次为宇航工业等。金红石和钛铁矿是提炼金属钛的主要原料。我国钛铁矿储量居世界之首,其精矿可满足国内钛工业需要,金红石资源较贫乏,原料供不应求。目前世界钛工业总形势是供大于求  相似文献
10.
选铁尾矿综合回收利用低品位磷、钛、钴技术工业化应用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
魏祥松 《化工矿产地质》2010,32(4):238-240,244
丰宁招兵沟低品位磷矿特点为中品位磁铁矿、低品位磷矿等共生。通过对选铁尾矿的研究,确定了常温无碱浮选回收磷矿物、合理的重-磁选联合工艺回收钛铁矿物、浮选工艺回收硫钴矿物的选矿工艺路线,并实现了工业化。  相似文献
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