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1.
Proterozoic mafic potassic and ultrapotassic igneous rocks emplacedin the Cuddapah Basin and Dharwar Craton of the southern Indianshield are among the earliest recorded on Earth. Lamproitesintrude the basin and its NE margin, whereas kimberlites intrudethe craton to the west of the basin. Kimberlites occur in twospatially separate groups: the non-diamondiferous Mahbubnagarcluster that was emplaced at 1400 Ma and is of a similar ageto the Cuddapah lamproites, and the predominantly diamondiferousAnantapur cluster, emplaced at  相似文献
2.
王亮  陶平 《贵州地质》2011,(4):254-259
本文试图据镇远马坪一带分布的钾镁煌斑岩露头,及与之对应的1∶20万区域重磁异常的特征响应值(剩余重力异常值(1~4)×10-5m/s2、航磁异常值(2~12)nT)为线索,以辉石重砂异常点分布、金刚石砂矿出土点分布、金刚石指示矿物铬尖晶石发现点分布、有限物性资料及局部重磁异常分布特征为基础,对台江-剑河-锦屏-黎平一带出现的1处大型重磁(航磁环状异常)正异常进行研究及圈定,结合浅部的重磁异常特征,推断这个区域可能是贵州原生金刚石矿床赋矿岩筒驻留的有利地段。据此,建议贵州金刚石找矿,工作布署在以剑河为中心的重磁异常重合的集结部位,重点对南嘉-平秋一带分布的G3(T3)物探异常为优先勘探解剖目标。  相似文献
3.
西昆仑克里阳地区钾镁煌斑岩岩石学特征及其意义   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:3  
对西昆仑克里阳钾镁煌斑岩的岩石学特征及源区性质进行了详细研究 ,并同国内外钾镁煌斑岩及其他超钾质岩石作了对比。该钾镁煌斑岩富 Al2 O3、贫 Ti O2 ,不相容元素相对亏损 ,为不含金刚石类型。其源区富集程度不高 ,交代作用较弱 ,且起源深度较浅 ( >1 1 5km)。高的 C、Sr、Pb同位素组成表明该钾镁煌斑岩可能受到了壳源物质的混染。这些特征暗示西昆仑地区有其他含金刚石源岩的存在。  相似文献
4.
Composite dykes consisting of leucominette and dacite as wellas discrete dykes and flows of minette and lamproite composition,occur in the Veliki Majdan area, western Serbia. This area ispart of the Serbian Tertiary magmatic province, which consistsof numerous small occurrences of ultrapotassic igneous rocks.The composite dykes have leucominette margins (up to 150 cmthick) enclosing a central part of dacite up to 100 m in width.Between these two lithologies, a decimetre-sized transitionzone may occur. Petrography, mineral chemistry and bulk-rockgeochemistry, including Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes, provide evidencethat the minettes and leucominettes formed by hybridizationbetween a felsic magma similar in composition to dacite anda mantle-derived lamproitic magma. The leucominettes and minettescontain all phenocryst types (biotite, plagioclase, quartz)present in the dacites, but in partly resorbed and reacted form.The mica displays a great diversity of resorption textures asa result of partial dissolution, incipient melting and phlogopitization,suggesting superheating of the felsic melt during hybridization;the mineral modes and mineral compositions of the leucominettesand minettes resemble those in the lamproites. A model for themodification of lamproite melt towards minette is presentedin which minette is formed by mixing of lamproite and <30%felsic magma. The lack of any significant correlation betweenPb isotopic ratios and some of the ‘mixing-indices’(SiO2, Zr, Zr/Nb, 143Nd/144Ndi) recognized in the hybridizationmodel for the Veliki Majdan dykes may be a result of similarityof the Pb-isotopic signature in the two end-members. Highlyphlogopitized biotite xenocrysts in the minettes are ascribedto the retention of volatile components after magma mixing andcrystallization of a new generation of phlogopite from the hybridizedmagma. The magma-mixing model explains the reverse zoning andresorption features of phlogopite macrocrysts commonly recognizedin calcalkaline lamprophyres elsewhere. Therefore, this mixingmechanism may be globally applicable for the origin of minettesassociated with calcalkaline granitic plutonism in post-orogenicsettings. KEY WORDS: Serbia; lamproites; micas; phlogopitization; calcalkaline lamprophyres; superheating; magma mixing  相似文献
5.
The Serbian province of Tertiary ultrapotassic volcanism isrelated to a post-collisional tectonic regime that followedthe closure of the Tethyan Vardar Ocean by Late Cretaceous subductionbeneath the southern European continental margin. Rocks of thisprovince form two ultrapotassic groups; one with affinitiesto lamproites, which is concentrated mostly in the central partsof the Vardar ophiolitic suture zone, and the other with affinitiesto kamafugites, which crops out in volcanoes restricted to thewestern part of Serbia. The lamproitic group is characterizedby a wide range of 87Sr/86Sri (0·70735–0·71299)and 143Nd/144Ndi (0·51251–0·51216), whereasthe kamafugitic group is isotopically more homogeneous witha limited range of 87Sr/86Sri (0·70599–0·70674)and 143Nd/144Ndi (0·51263–0·51256). ThePb isotope compositions of both groups are very similar (206Pb/204Pb18·58–18·83, 207Pb/204Pb 15·62–15·70and 208Pb/204Pb 38·74–38·99), falling withinthe pelagic sediment field and resembling Mesozoic flysch sedimentsfrom the Vardar suture zone. The Sr and Nd isotopic signaturesof the primitive lamproitic rocks correlate with rare earthelement fractionation and enrichment of most high field strengthelements (HFSE), and can be explained by melting of a heterogeneousmantle source consisting of metasomatic veins with phlogopite,clinopyroxene and F-apatite that are out of isotopic equilibriumwith the peridotite wall-rock. Decompression melting, with varyingcontributions from depleted peridotite and ultramafic veinsto the final melt, accounts for consistent HFSE enrichment andisotopic variations in the lamproitic group. Conversely, themost primitive kamafugitic rocks show relatively uniform Srand Nd isotopic compositions and trace element patterns, andsmall but regular variations of HFSE, indicating variable degreesof partial melting of a relatively homogeneously metasomatizedmantle source. Geochemical modelling supports a role for phlogopite,apatite and Ti-oxide in the source of the kamafugitic rocks.The presence of two contrasting ultrapotassic suites in a restrictedgeographical area is attributable to the complex geodynamicsituation involving recent collision of a number of microcontinentswith contrasting histories and metasomatic imprints in theirmantle lithosphere. The geochemistry of the Serbian ultrapotassicrocks suggests that the enrichment events that modified thesource of both lamproitic and kamafugitic groups were relatedto Mesozoic subduction events. The postcollisional environmentof the northern Balkan region with many extensional episodesis consistent at regional and local levels with the occurrenceof ultrapotassic rocks, providing a straightforward relationshipbetween geodynamics and volcanism. KEY WORDS: kamafugite; lamproite; Mediterranean; Serbia; mantle metasomatism; veined mantle; petrogenesis  相似文献
6.
盛学庸 《贵州地质》2011,(4):247-253
湘黔地区金刚石成矿作用素有"多期"、"多源"之说。"多源"说已为不争事实,系该区开展新一轮金刚石原生矿找矿的依据和前提;笔者质疑"多期"说,并指出加里东期为本区的主要金刚石成矿期,是找矿的主攻方向。在具备成矿条件的前提下,成矿后的剥蚀-保存条件将决定矿床的命运和价值。因金刚石原生矿均系幔源火山作用的产物,由此引申出研究成矿期古剥夷面剥蚀-保存现状的重要性。为提高找矿有效性,在总结以往找矿成功经验和失败教训的基础上,笔者强调找矿工作一定要从我国,尤其是本区的实际出发,运用已被实践证实的成功经验,避免硬套外国模式。  相似文献
7.
王亮 《地质与勘探》2012,48(4):775-783
[摘 要]钾镁煌斑岩是金刚石的成矿母岩、组成岩筒的基本物质。基于区内区域重磁异常分布特征,以北部镇远马坪及周边县域(施秉、三穗、雷山、剑河、麻江)出露的钾镁煌斑岩和南部从江一带镶嵌的基性-超基性岩为线索及岩体露头上的重磁场异常特征响应值为标尺,与地表出现的金刚石原生矿、砂矿、指示矿物、重砂异常分布为依据,圈定了数个基性-超基性岩体(带),结合物探资料推断的岩浆岩带、火山机构、板块结合带、深大断裂带以及地质矿产资料,共划分了6 个金刚石找矿远景区。预测在台江-剑河-锦屏-黎平一线,出现的1 处大型重磁(航磁环状异常)正异常分布区为区内金刚石找矿的重要靶区和找到具有工业价值金刚石原生矿的重点突破口,这里(G3 异常区)极有可能是破解贵州原生金刚石找矿瓶颈的福地,是揭示金刚石矿床赋矿岩筒神秘面纱的有利地段。  相似文献
8.
黄先觉 《安徽地质》2012,(2):103-105
本文对具有经济的金伯利岩和金云火山岩金刚石原生矿两大类型模式特征和产出的构造部位进行了研究.在此基础上,对我省金刚石成矿构造条件进行了分析,并阐述了我省寻找金伯利岩和金云火山岩两大类型金刚石原生矿有利地区.  相似文献
9.
杨光忠 《地质与勘探》2013,49(4):696-702
贵州镇远马坪钾镁煌斑岩为我国发现的第一个含原生金刚石的钾镁煌斑岩,其时代为加里东中期。根据区内当时沉积建造的特点,结合钾镁煌斑岩常包含早期捕虏体的情况,尤其是区内钾镁煌斑岩主要产于加里东期北东向背斜构造翼部拐点范围的事实,认为区内钾镁煌斑岩的侵位应发生在加里东期沉积建造结束褶皱构造开始时刻。加里东构造运动先是沉积建造的塑性变形褶皱造山,岩层能干化后才开始发育大量断裂构造。纵弯褶皱在挤压作用背景下,因褶皱拐点存在拉伸和剪切的应力而构成透入性构造软弱部位,被深部岩浆热力所突破而成为上涌侵位及喷发通道。区域上,四堡期东西向基底断裂构造控制区内钾镁煌斑岩东西向带状分布,而加里东期褶皱及其拐点控制钾镁煌斑岩体(群)的产出,因此金刚石的找矿勘查应主要在有金刚石找矿信息的褶皱构造拐点范围开展。  相似文献
10.
饶红娟  林泽渊  李永刚  石睿 《地质论评》2016,62(S1):399-400
贵州镇远马坪地区作为中国第一个含金刚石母岩——钾镁煌斑岩的发现地,既是华南地区最重要的、最丰富的含金刚石母岩出露区,也是中国金刚石原生矿找矿的重点区域。以往针对该区的金刚石原生矿勘查工作重点多集中于对其寄主岩石特征的研究上,如岩体侵位方式、矿物组成、岩石地球化学特征以及侵位时代等方面(卢登蓉等,1989;罗会文等,1989;江万,1995;方维萱等,2002;杨光忠,2013),而对于金刚石本身晶貌学特征的研究较少,且受当时测试技术条件的限制,有关金刚石晶貌特征所对应的找矿信息揭示不够充分。鉴于扬子地台金刚石找矿工作的迫切需要,本文通过对镇远地区钾镁煌斑岩中金刚石矿物自身特点开展晶貌学研究,进而反演、推测其结晶和生长过程,并由此探讨寄主岩石源区特征、母岩形成条件,为扬子地台金刚石原生矿找矿研究提供新的思路。  相似文献
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