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浙东大衢山花岗岩中淬冷包体及其成因机制   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:15  
周新民  姚玉鹏 《岩石学报》1992,8(3):234-242
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浙江青田花岗岩中岩石包体特征及成因   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:7  
浙江青田燕山晚期黑云母花岗岩中有许多石英闪长质岩石包体,它们大小不一,形态各异,以微细粒结构、具冷凝边构造、并发育针状磷灰石为特征。岩石包体与寄主花岗岩的主要氧化物、微量元素的变化趋势呈线性关系。岩石学、矿物学、岩石化学及地球化学等特征的研究表明,石英闪长质岩石包体属淬冷包体,由玄武质岩浆和花岗质岩浆通过不均匀的混合作用而形成。  相似文献
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石马杂岩体,为南京—镇江地区出露面积较大的燕山期花岗质杂岩体,具大量暗色、细粒辉石闪长质-石英闪长质岩石包体,岩浆动力学理论的应用和详细的岩相学,岩石地球化学研究表明,该杂岩体中的岩石包体是不同成分岩浆大规模对流、不均一混合机制驱动下形成的,在成因类型上属淬冷包体.  相似文献
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范洪海  王德滋 《地质学报》2001,75(1):64-69,T002
在江西相山大型塌陷式火山盆地北部的潜火山岩岩墙中,笔者发现了闪长质的岩石包体,这种包体具典型的反向脉及淬冷边,且淬冷边内含有大量针状磷灰石。在包体内部或包体与寄主岩的边界均见有钾长石及斜长石捕虏晶,这种捕虏晶是包体岩浆从寄主岩岩浆中捕获的,常被熔蚀成筛状或浑圆状。包体与寄主岩(次斑状花岗闪长岩)的稀土元素曲线和不相容元素蛛网图的形态非常相似。因此,相山潜火山岩岩墙中的闪长质岩石包体是不同成分、不同温度的岩浆经对流及不均一岩浆混合作用而形成,在成因类型上属淬冷包体。  相似文献
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A late Mesozoic belt of volcanic–intrusive complexes occursin SE China. Volcanic activity at Xiangshan in the NW of thebelt took place mainly in the Late Jurassic (158–135 Ma).The volcanic rocks from the Xiangshan volcanic complex includerhyolitic crystal tuffs, welded tuffs, rhyolite lavas, porphyriticlavas, and associated subvolcanic rocks. Mineral assemblagesin these magmatic rocks include K-feldspar, plagioclase, quartz,Fe-rich biotite and minor amphibole, orthopyroxene and almandine.Mineral geothermometry indicates a high crystallization temperature(>850°C) for the Xiangshan magmas. The volcanic rocksare generally peraluminous; SiO2 contents are between 65·4%and 76·8% and the samples have high alkalis, rare earthelements (REE), high field strength elements and Ga contentsand high Ga/Al ratios, but are depleted in Ba, Sr and transitionmetals. Trace element geochemistry and Sr–Nd–O isotopesystematics imply that the Xiangshan magmas were probably derivedfrom partial melting of Middle Proterozoic metamorphic lower-crustalrocks that had been dehydrated during an earlier thermal event.These features suggest an A-type affinity. Quenched mafic enclaves,hosted by the subvolcanic rocks, consist mainly of alkali feldspar,plagioclase, clinopyroxene, phlogopite and amphibole. Geothermometrycalculations indicate that the primary magmas that chilled toform the quenched enclaves had anomalously high temperatures(>1200°C). The quenched enclaves have boninitic affinities;for example, intermediate SiO2 contents, high MgO and low TiO2contents, high Mg-numbers and high concentrations of Sc, Ni,Co and V. However, they also have shoshonitic characteristics,e.g. enrichment in alkalis, high K2O contents with high K2O/Na2Oratios, high light REE and large ion lithophile element contents,low initial Nd values (–4·2) and high initial 87Sr/86Srratios (0·7081). We suggest a phlogopite-bearing spinelharzburgitic lithospheric mantle source for these high-Mg potassicmagmas. Underplating of such anomalously high-temperature magmascould have induced granulite-facies lower-crustal rocks to partiallymelt and generate the Xiangshan A-type volcanic suite. A back-arcextensional setting, related to subduction of the Palaeo-Pacificplate, is favoured to explain the petrogenesis of the Xiangshanvolcanic complex and quenched enclaves. KEY WORDS: volcanic complex; quenched enclaves; petrology; geochemistry; back-arc extension setting; Xiangshan; SE China  相似文献
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