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1.
盐穴储气库水溶造腔夹层垮塌力学机制研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
盐岩矿床中难溶泥质夹层的存在给地下储库水溶造腔带来了诸多不利影响,如何有效地预测与控制水溶造腔过程中泥质夹层的垮塌成为亟待解决的技术难题。夹层垮塌力学机制研究以该问题为背景,建立了水溶造腔过程中夹层垮塌分析的力学模型,并应用弹性板壳理论进行了求解,根据求解结果对夹层因局部破损及整体失稳引起垮塌的力学机制分别进行了论述,对夹层垮塌的力学机理进行了总结,给出了一种计算夹层极限跨度的方法。研究成果对水溶造腔过程中夹层垮塌的预测与控制有重要指导意义。  相似文献
2.
赣杭铀成矿带大洲矿田层状火山熔岩型铀矿资源评价   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
毛孟才 《铀矿地质》2001,17(2):90-96
本文全面总结了大洲铀矿田成矿地质背景及铀矿特征,分析了溶浸采矿条件,论述了大洲铀矿田溶浸采矿的可行性,并指明应用溶浸采矿技术重新评价赣杭铀成矿硬岩型铀矿资源的必要性。  相似文献
3.
笔者对德国几个在产钾盐矿山实地考,察以及与德国钾盐研究机构的技术交流,并结合大量文献资料,对德国钾盐地质条件、开发现状以及开采技术的发展进行综述,为国内找钾和钾盐的综合开发利用提供借鉴。德国钾盐产于上二叠纪蔡希斯坦盆地(Zechstein Basin),位于相对稳定的陆块浅海陆架区,主要通过浅陆棚阶段和次深陆棚阶段形成。蔡希斯坦盆地已识别出8个盐沉积旋回(Z1-Z8),每个旋回的沉积方式大致相同,沉积层序自下而上通常为:碎屑岩→碳酸盐→硬石膏→岩盐→钾盐层→硬石膏顶板。德国二叠纪超大型钾盐盆地的发现,表明海相沉积盆地是地球的可溶性钾盐主要储存库,印证了海相钾盐常形成于次盆地中。同时,通过对钾盐层顶底板和钾盐样品的化学分析,研究特定元素(Br、Rb)的变化,作为国内找钾的指标。钾盐的开采主要分为旱采法和水采法2种,传统上以旱采法为主,但随着技术的进步,水采法相对旱采法有诸多优势。  相似文献
4.
田中兰  夏柏如 《现代地质》2008,22(1):97-102
盐穴储气库以其独特的优势在世界范围的石油工业领域中受到越来越多的重视。以一定的形状在盐层内建造一个地下储气溶腔,是一项复杂的系统工程。结合我国在盐层建设储气库的特点,围绕造腔设计的腔体目标和实施工艺,对盐穴储气库造腔工艺技术进行了全面的论述。通过对储气库腔体形成过程的分析,从造腔工艺、腔体控制与检测方法等方面,提出了造腔井型、水循环方式、溶腔步骤、两口距调节方式、形状控制方法、顶板保护工艺、密封检测、腔体稳定性等多项技术,同时推荐了造腔管柱组合方式、注水流量确定方法和保持腔体稳定的措施,对盐穴储气库造腔设计和施工有一定的指导意义。  相似文献
5.
Three aquifer systems as deep, middle, and shallow were identified in the Kazan trona ore deposit area. The flow conditions and the interaction between various layers were conceptualized into a site hydrogeological model. Each aquifer system was hydraulically and chemically characterized and represented in a numerical groundwater model. The resulting model has been calibrated under steady-state and transient conditions using available data. The flow model was used in conjunction with a three-dimensional solute transport model to assess the impacts of the pilot well solution mining of the trona deposit on groundwater resources during operation and post-operation periods. The results of operation period indicate that, even under the worse conditions (50 times increase in vertical hydraulic conductivity due to subsidence), ion contribution from the mine area with 118,000 mg/l maximum concentration would be about 58 mg/l into the deep aquifer system. This contribution is about 1.45% of the existing concentration (4,000 mg/l) in the deep aquifer. After 1,000 years of post-operation period, ion contribution from the mine area with maximum 119,000 mg/l concentration would be about 205 mg/l into the deep aquifer under extremely worse conditions. This contribution is about 5–20% of present concentrations in the deep aquifer. Retardation factors, which were not considered during model simulations would decrease the predicted concentrations. It is concluded that pilot well solution mining of the trona deposit would not have significant impact on the quality of groundwater resources in the overlying aquifers.  相似文献
6.
针对土耳其卡赞天然碱矿的地质特征和生产现状,为降低采矿成本,充分利用矿产资源,解决当前开采中存在的工艺问题,提出了一种“综合钻井水溶开采法”。通过对各个布井参数的确定,根据一定布井原则,对整个矿区进行了钻井开采工艺设计。该方法采用了水平井、分支井、对井压裂、单井吞吐等多种开采形式和井组类型。  相似文献
7.
针对盐穴储气库单井水溶造腔过程中管柱动力特性开展了初步探讨,认为造腔工程中,管柱在受限空间的自激振动和动力失稳是导致管柱发生严重弯曲或者破损的主要原因。初步分析了无空间约束条件下内外管柱的振动特性,得到了理想条件下管柱临界流速的计算式。计算表明,无约束条件下造腔管柱一般会由于液-固耦联振动而发生动力失稳,而且造腔内管一般会先于造腔外管发生失稳破坏。鉴于问题的重要性和复杂性,还对造腔管柱临界流速全面计算力学模型应考虑的诸因素进行了探讨,初步分析了管道轴力、液体压力、造腔循环方式、管道水平支撑,以及轴向水击和管道横向振动耦合的影响,为进一步结合工程实际开展空间约束条件下造腔管柱动力特性全面分析提出了建议。  相似文献
8.
The halite-bearing Barbastro Formation crops out in the core of the Barbastro Anticline (Ebro Tertiary Basin). This anticline is traversed perpendicularly by some of the most important Pyrenean drainages such as the Cinca and Noguera-Ribagorzana Rivers. The terrace sequences of these fluvial systems have been used as markers to identify and assess dissolution-induced subsidence and salt tectonics. In the limbs of the anticline, terrace deposits underlain by detrital bedrock do not show any evidence of deformation and have a consistent thickness of less than 10 m. The deposits of certain terrace levels of the Noguera-Ribagorzana River and its tributary, the Lo Reguer Creek, are locally thickened filling basins generated by dissolution-induced synsedimentary subsidence up to several kilometers long and more than 100 m deep. Conversely, terraces of the Cinca River do not show anomalously high thicknesses, but local uplifts related to differential upward flow of the halite-bearing bedrock. Locally, a minimum uplift rate of 0.3 mm/year has been estimated from a 64-ka terrace tilted away from the valley. The subsidence hazards occur chiefly in areas where the ground receives artificial water recharge. Serviceability of some canals has been notoriously affected by evaporite karstification. The problem has been mitigated to acceptable levels by grouting. Numerous buildings of Ivars de Noguera are severely damaged by dissolution subsidence, and possibly, by hydrocompaction of gypsiferous silts. The pipe network has been replaced to ameliorate the subsidence risk. In the Cinca River valley, cavities with a total volume of about 180,500 m3 have been created by solution mining at depths greater than 500 m. No investigation methods are applied in the brine field to monitor the distribution and evolution of artificial voids. Substantial increase in salinity of the Cinca River is another evidence of subjacent evaporite dissolution.  相似文献
9.
土耳其贝帕扎里天然碱矿采卤工程是目前世界范围内采用对接井水溶开采方法进行采矿的最大规模的天然碱采矿工程。在对接井施工过程中,由于出现了地磁变化异常和地质条件变化,致使MWD导向系统出现了一定偏差。为减少仪器偏差,设计并对仪器进行了实地校核。校核结果表明,探管的安装条件对其数据精度有较大的影响。其校核结果被应用于实际生产中,起到了良好的指导作用。  相似文献
10.
杨风良 《中国煤田地质》2006,18(4):71-72,75
陕北两水平对接采卤井,对接靶点垂深2541.42m,水平距离365.89m,设计造斜点垂深2328m,造斜率25~30°/100m。垂直井深达2311.5m时,井斜1.08°,偏距5.69m,远离靶区,据此根据造斜钻具性能,造斜点改为2311.5m。  相似文献
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