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再论大陆构造与动力学   总被引:23,自引:3,他引:20  
李德威 《地球科学》1995,20(1):19-26
采用大陆构造时空动态相关分析法,对大陆构造进行系统的分层,分块,分阶段域构造解析,认为包括隆块,陷块和旋块等基本类型的断块构造具有不同的物质成分,变形强度,流变状态的层状构造是大陆构造的基本型式。在构造活动期间层流隆陷构造系统发生大规模的物质行,构成动态的循环体系,大陆地壳下部层圈以热动力作用为主,造成粘性热流物质和韧性固流物质沿着壳内流层从幔隆区流向拗区;上部层圈以应力作用为主,与下地壳层流相关  相似文献
2.
论北京西山南部的盖层构造演化   总被引:10,自引:2,他引:8  
3.
Detailed three-dimensional structural studies indicate that the Bixiling area,Dabie massif,central Chian shows the deepest exposed levels of the orogenic wedge formed during the Triassic Yangtze0Sino-Korean continental collision.New1:10000 scale structural mapping,combined with detailed petrological analysis in this area,has enabled us to accurately distinguish structures related to the Trias-sic continental collision from those related to post-collisional deformation in the ultrahigh pressure (UHP) metamorphic unit.The collisional or compressional structures include the massive eclogite with a weak foliation,foliated eclogite or UHP ductile shear zones,as well as upper amphibolite facies shear zones,whereas the post-collisional deformation is characterized by a regionally,flat-lying foliation con-taining stretching lineations and common reclined folds .The former is present exclusively in the eclogite lenses and their margins,representing orogenic thickening or syn-collisional events,while the latter was best occurred on variable scales under amphibolite facies conditions,showing sub-vertical,extreme short-ening and ductile thinning of the metamorphic rock stack.The eclogite facies tectonites that have a marked fabric discordance to the penetrative amphibolite facies extension flow fabric are common.It is emphasized that an extensional tectonic setting following the collision-orogenic thickening stage was,at least partly,responsible for exhumation of the UHP metamorphic rocks in the Dabie massif.A new tec-tionic evolution model is proposed for the UHP metamorphic belt on the scale of the Dabie massif.The Bixiling area thus provides a window,from which the dynamic processes concerning the formation and exhumation of the UHP rocks can be observed.Regional studies in the Dabie Mountains have confirmed this interpretation.  相似文献
4.
渤海湾盆地新生界残留地层分布特征及其构造意义   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
结合实钻井地质资料,对渤海湾盆地内各次级构造单元的地震部而资料进行统层对比与深度校正,获得了渤海湾盆地新生界各主要组段地层残蹦厚度分布图,从整体上反映了全盆地新生界沉积格局与残留地层分布特征通过深入揭示残留地层所蕴涵的构造信息,为正确认识渤海湾盆地新生代形成演化机制提了新的依据.对不同时期残留地层分布面积、沉积中心、沉积长轴的综合分析和对比表明,渤海湾盆地自孔店期至东营期总体上是受两太半洋板块俯冲作用所产生的弧后拉张应力控制,且在其形成演化的整个过程中还持续叠加有右旋剪切应力的影响和作用,并认为这种右旋剪切应力场可能是由郯庐断裂右旋走滑活动和印藏碰撞远距离效应所共同产生的.  相似文献
5.
榴辉岩作为板块边缘俯冲带中的高压变质岩石,现常以不同的产状零星出露。关于其呈面状暴露的机制,目前流行有三种模式。即造山楔模式、双轨模式和变质核杂岩模式。通过研究榴辉岩区的岩石组合和岩石的P-T-t轨迹,可以了解区域构造及其演化背景。本文综述了研究进展,并以胶南一苏北一大别山榴辉岩带为例说明。  相似文献
6.
The Fuping Complex and the adjoining Wutai and Hengshan Complexes are located in the central zone of the North China craton. The dominant rock types in the Fuping Complex are high‐grade tonalitic–trondhjemitic–granodioritic (TTG) gneisses, with minor amounts of mafic granulites, syntectonic granitic rocks and supracrustal rocks. The petrological evidence from the mafic granulites indicates three stages of metamorphic evolution. The M1 stage is represented by garnet porphyroblasts and matrix plagioclase, quartz, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and hornblende. Orthopyroxene+plagioclase symplectites and clinopyroxene+plagioclase±orthopyroxene coronas formed in response to decompression during M2 following the peak metamorphism at M1. Hornblende+plagioclase symplectites formed as a result of further isobaric cooling and retrograde metamorphism during M3. The P–T estimates using TWQ thermobarometry are: 900–950 °C and 8.0–8.5 kbar for the peak assemblage (M1), based on the core compositions of garnet, matrix pyroxene and plagioclase; 700–800 °C and 6.0–7.0 kbar for the pyroxene+plagioclase symplectites or coronas (M2); and 550–650 °C and 5.3–6.3 kbar for the hornblende+plagioclase symplectites (M3), based on garnet rim and corresponding symplectic mineral compositions. These P–T estimates define a clockwise P–T path involving near‐isothermal decompression for the Fuping Complex, similar to the P–T path estimated for the metapelitic gneisses. The inferred P–T path suggests that the Fuping Complex underwent initial crustal thickening, subsequent exhumation, and finally cooling and retrogression. This tectonothermal path is similar to P–T paths inferred for the Wutai and Hengshan Complexes and other tectonic units in the central zone of the North China craton, but different from anti‐clockwise P–T paths estimated for the basement rocks in the eastern and western zones of the craton. Based on lithological, structural, metamorphic and geochronological data, the eastern and western zones of the craton are considered to represent two different Archean to Paleoproterozoic continental blocks that amalgamated along the central zone at the end of Paleoproterozoic. The P–T paths of the Fuping Complex and other tectonic units in the central zone record the collision between the eastern and western zones that led to the final assembly of the North China craton at c. 1800 Ma.  相似文献
7.
笔者根据国内外研究进展和区域地质对比,将特提斯中西段的古生代构造域划分为Iapetus-Tornquist洋加里东造山带、Rheic洋华力西期造山带、乌拉尔-天山中亚造山带和古特提斯Pontides-高加索-Mashhad造山带,并提出4个初步认识:(1) Rodinia超大陆在新元古代裂解形成的原特提斯大洋在欧洲以Iapetus和Tornquist缝合带为代表,它们在约420 Ma闭合形成加里东造山带,与我国秦祁昆造山系相似;(2) Rheic洋类似于特提斯东段的龙木错-双湖-昌宁-孟连洋,为古生代的特提斯主大洋,而泥盆纪形成的古特提斯洋实际上为主洋盆衍生的分支洋盆之一,Rheic洋的各分支洋盆在320~310 Ma闭合,形成华力西造山带和Pangea超大陆;(3)南阿尔卑斯Plankogel带、土耳其北部Pontides带和伊朗北部Rasht-Mashhad为古特提斯缝合带,代表泥盆纪—二叠纪的洋盆,晚石炭世—早三叠世丝绸之路岩浆弧与我国羌塘中部的望果山火山弧相对应;(4)特提斯中西段的基梅里造山带和羌塘中部的印支期造山带为古特提斯增生型造山带的典型代表。  相似文献
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