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1.
南黄海中部隆起地层分布特征   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
南黄海中部隆起是南黄海盆地构造最稳定的地区之一,也是下古生界含油气远景区之一,其找油前景引起人们极大的关注。应用小波分析等方法处理南黄海重磁异常场,揭示中部隆起区结晶基底起伏特征,同时结合区域地质以及地震剖面资料,对中部隆起地层分布特征提出了几点新认识:南黄海中部隆起结晶基底的起伏特征并非"平板"一块,其平面总体轮廓可概括为"三隆两坳";受印支运动的影响,中部隆起区发育的主要地层是震旦系-下二叠统,下三叠统青龙灰岩和上二叠统龙潭煤系已基本剥蚀殆尽;下古生界沉积中心大致位于结晶基底"坳陷"部位;上古生界受火山活动和岩浆侵入的影响,分布特征是分段而不连片;中部隆起分布着火山岩,分布特征是"东强西弱"。  相似文献
2.
南海海盆15°N附近呈东西向展布的珍贝-黄岩海山被认为是32~17 Ma前南海海盆的残留扩张中心.对采自黄岩海山的两个火山岩样品(9DG,9DG-2)进行了岩石学、地球化学和年代学研究.两个样品的SiO2含量分别为60.3%和63.6%,Al2O3含量分别为17.56%和17.55%,TiO2含量分别为0.48%和0.31%,碱度率分别为3.88和3.62.根据岩石学和岩石化学分类,样品属碱性系列的粗面岩.对稀土元素和微量元素分析表明岩石具有洋岛玄武岩(OIB)型配分型式,轻重稀土总量比(∑c(LREE)/∑c(HREE))和球粒陨石标准化镧镱比((La/Yb)N)分别高达17.22和27.23,并具有铕负异常和锶、磷、钛亏损的特点.样品9DG的锶-钕-铅同位素分析结果为锶-87的含量与锶-86的含量之比值为0.704 183,钕-143的含量与钕-144的含量之比值为0.512 827,铅-206的含量与铅-207的含量之比值为18.686 68,铅-207的含量与铅-204的含量之值为15.679 62.铅-208的含量与铅-204的含量之比值为39.002 61,表明初始岩浆来自软流圈地幔,具有与珍贝海山玄武岩相似的同位素组成.经钾-氩法测年,粗面岩的年龄为(7.77±0.49)Ma,略晚于珍贝海山玄武岩的年龄[(9.1±1.29)~(10.0±1.80)Ma],属于南海扩张期后晚中新世火山活动的产物.对比珍贝海山玄武岩的地球化学和同位素特征,认为两者有相同的岩浆源区,但是它们经历了不同程度的结晶分异过程,在晚中新世期间珍贝-黄岩海山可能有地幔柱活动.  相似文献
3.
盆地模拟已成为当前沉积盆地研究的重要工具。南黄海盆地北部坳陷自裂陷期演化以来沉积了巨厚的中-新生代碎屑沉积,近年来的地质调查获取的数据为其盆地模拟研究提供了条件,本次研究在收集相关基础数据的基础上,首先对盆地构造热演化史进行了模拟,重建了盆地热史,模拟结果显示其古热流在中-晚侏罗世平均值约为61mW/m2,在约145-74Ma间不断上升至约80 mW/m2,随后缓慢下降至65 mW/m2,并持续到渐新世末期,据此将盆地演化阶段划分为裂前期、裂陷期及裂后期。盆地模拟结果显示北部坳陷在白垩纪逐步进入强裂陷演化阶段并经历快速沉积过程,至晚白垩纪裂陷发育程度中等,在此基础上,对研究区进行了三维盆地模拟,结果显示北部坳陷生烃门限深度大致位于古近系阜宁组顶部,下伏的侏罗系及白垩系烃源岩基本完成生排烃过程,其中侏罗系烃源岩生排烃主要发生在盆地发育的裂陷期及裂后期,而白垩系及古近系烃源岩生排烃主要发生在裂后期。尽管研究区尚处在低勘探程度阶段,但盆地模拟结果已能为研究区下一步的勘探提供重要的信息,此外,本次研究对模拟过程中的主要不确定性也进行了分析。  相似文献
4.
南华北盆地石炭-二叠系沉积环境与聚煤规律研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Four major sedimentary systems of the Carboniferous and Permian in the Southern North China (SNC) Basin were identified in sedimentological and depositional features,such as trace fossil,silt body shape,vertical sequence and logging curve. In addition,the sedimentary facied and typical sequences of sedimentary systems were analyzed in principles of sedimentology and coalfield geology,Furthermore,geological patterns of the coal accumulation,paleogeography and tectonic setting in each geological stage were reconstructed. Corresponding to sedimentary system and facies,there was no coal accumulation in the late carboniferous,while Shihezi Formation of the Middle Permian is the best coal accumulation period. And the delta front and sea-water swamp (the gulf) facies were the best environment for coal accumulation,which are meaningful for coalfield prediction and exploration in the Southern North China (SNC) Basin.  相似文献
5.
辽河拗陷东部凹陷南部地区古近系沉积体系与储层评价   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Detailed studies on a number of core sections,well logs and seismic date of the paleogene systems of the southern part of eastem sag in Liaohe Depression revealed theat six sedimentary systems,i,e.delta,lake,fan delta,braided river,delta,river and alluvial fan,were distinguished,The sedimentation in the studied area remarkably controlled reservoir and the variability of sedimentary facied caused the diversity of reservior sand bldies and the inhomogeneity of reservoir properties plane distribution;The best reservoir properties are the sand bodies of deltaic front and braided-river deltaic front;the better are the sand bodies of braided-river deltaic plain,deltaic front,braided river and meandering river;the medium reservoir properties are the sand bodies of delta plain,the fan-delta front,the alluvial-middle fan,beach-bar and turbidite fan;the wores are the sand bodies of upper fan and lower fan of alluvial fan,alluvial plain.The favorable sedimentary facies belt controlled the distribution of favorable reservoir and it was an important evidence for prediction favorable stratigraphiv reservoir.  相似文献
6.
黑潮延伸体上游区域的中尺度涡场的涡动能和涡特征尺度存在显著地年代际振荡,和黑潮延伸体路径的年代际变化有很好的相关性。当黑潮延伸体路径比较稳定时,其上游区域涡动能比较高,涡特征尺度比较大,反之相反。通过对黑潮延伸体上游区域的中尺度涡场进行集合分析发现:当黑潮延伸体处于稳定状态时,上游涡场几乎是各向均匀地,有轻微的径向伸长;而当黑潮延伸体处于不稳定状态时,上游的中尺度涡场有显著地纬向伸长。对与中尺度涡场的产生相关的线性斜压不稳定和正压不稳定进行了计算分析,结果显示,线性斜压不稳定不是控制中尺度涡场年代际变化的机制,而正压不稳定对中尺度涡场的年代际变化有积极的贡献。不稳定产生的中尺度涡之间存在非线性涡-涡相互作用。  相似文献
7.
为探讨东海内陆架17.3ka BP 以来的重矿物含量变化及其物源指示意义, 对东海内陆架南 部泥质沉积中心EC2005 孔的沉积重矿物进行了鉴定和分析。结果表明: (1) 在0.063-0.25mm 粒级 沉积物中, 重矿物含量平均值为27.3%, 变化范围为3.7%-89.6%, 重矿物含量较高的部分均出现在 自生黄铁矿富集的层位; (2) 片状矿物、含铁氧化物、角闪石族矿物、绿帘石族矿物、白云石、辉石 族矿物、变质矿物、蚀变矿物和自生黄铁矿占重矿物颗粒总数的96.0%以上, 但其含量变化很大; (3) 以重矿物分布特征为依据将岩心划分为Ⅰ-Ⅴ五个沉积层段, 各层段对应的特征矿物分别为片状矿 物、白云石、片状矿物、自生黄铁矿和榍石。结合粒度、AMS14C 年代及西太平洋海平面变化等数 据对物源进行分析, 结果表明: 自17.3ka BP 以来, EC2005 孔沉积物源主要是长江, 其次还可能受到 瓯江等浙江沿岸河流所输运物质的一定影响。  相似文献
8.
Eight lacustrine Type I kerogen samples from the Songliao Basin were pyrolyzed using the Rock-Eval equipment, and parallel first-order reaction models including the model with a single frequency factor and a discrete distribution of activation energies (SFF model) and the model with multiple frequency factors and a discrete distribution of activation energies (MFF model) were adopted to analyze kinetic characteristics of hydrocarbon generation of the Type I kerogen samples. The results show that the MFF and SFF models can satisfactory simulate hydrocarbon generation under laboratory conditions and the Type I kerogen shows relatively concentrated activation energy distributions (activation energies of MFF model range from 190 kJ/mol to 250 kJ/mol, activation energies of SFF model range from 220 kJ/mol to 240 kJ/mol), which indicates a homogeneous chemical bond structure of the Type I kerogen. The hydrocarbon generated curves from Type I kerogen were calculated by using the two models with a linear heating rate (3.3 K/Ma). It indicates that the hydrocarbon generation potentials (reaction fractions) are underestimated by using the SFF model during the kerogen thermal degradation for the components with chemical bond of lower and higher activation energies, while this problem can be avoided by using the MFF model. The calculated temperatures for 50% transformation ratio (TR) of all samples differ by as much as 20 °C. For the SFF model, the hydrocarbon generation curve obtained by using the weighted averaged kinetic parameters and the SFF model almost includes every curve calculated by using its own kinetic parameters. While the curve obtained by using the weighted averaged kinetic parameters and the MFF model cannot include every curve for all samples, it lies at the position of the averaged curve of all samples. The application of the MFF model in Songliao Basin shows that if TR 10% is taken as the onset of hydrocarbon generation, the threshold depth of hydrocarbon generation is about 1700 m, which is consistent with other geochemical parameters, such as S1/TOC, S1/(S1 + S2) and HC/TOC.  相似文献
9.
研究了日月潮汐改正对精密水准测量的影响,推导出了一种水准测量中可以采用的简单快捷的日月潮汐改正实用模型,并与其他相应模型进行了比较和分析,表明了该模型的实用性和可行性,可应用于海洋测绘中海面地形的确定。  相似文献
10.
对辽东湾140个表层沉积物进行了粒度分析,探讨了辽东湾表层沉积物的粒度分布特征和沉积物类型的分布格局,结合该区沉积物物源和沉积动力环境,探讨了两者对辽东湾海域沉积过程的控制作用。结果表明,研究区表层沉积物类型以砂质粉砂、砂质泥和泥质砂为主。研究区表层沉积物平均粒径变化范围较大(-0.06~7.42Φ),大多数站位集中在4~6Φ,平均粒径有两侧向中部逐渐变细的趋势。整体上,辽东湾东侧表层沉积物粒度比西侧粗,砂含量明显增加。研究区沉积物主要来源于沿岸河流携带的入海泥沙,而潮流和沿岸流对沉积物的分布起到控制作用。根据沉积物底质类型、物源及区域水动力强弱,将研究区划分为湾顶泥质、西岸砂质、渤海泥质、辽东浅滩砂质以及残留过渡沉积等5个沉积区。  相似文献
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