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1.
朱建华  李铜基 《海洋技术》2004,23(4):117-122
浮游植物色素吸收与叶绿素a浓度关系研究是水色遥感生物-光学算法开发的重要组成部分,我们利用HD200304航次和HD200309航次的测量数据,开发了色素吸收系数的波段关系模型(αφ(λ)-αφ(675))和色素吸收系数与叶绿素a浓度关系(αφ(λ)-αφ(675))模型,并在模型开发的基础上,利用叶绿素a浓度反演典型波段的色素吸收系数,效果良好。  相似文献
2.
Seasonal variations of phytoplankton/chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) distribution, sea surface wind, sea height anomaly, sea surface temperature and other oceanic environments for long periods are analyzed in the South China Sea (SCS), especially in the two typical regions off the east coast of Vietnam and off the northwest coast of Luzon, using remote sensing data and other oceanographic data. The results show that seasonal and spatial distributions of phytoplankton biomass in the SCS are primarily influenced by the monsoon winds and oceanic environments. Off the east coast of Vietnam, Chl-a concentration is a peak in August, a jet shape extending into the interior SCS, which is associated with strong southwesterly monsoon winds, the coastal upwetling induced by offshore Ekman transport and the strong offshore current in the western SCS. In December, high Chl-a concentration appears in the upwelling region off the northwest coast of Luzon and spreads southwestward. Strong mixing by the strong northeasterly monsoon winds, the cyclonic circulation, southwestward coastal currents and river discharge have impacts on distribution of phytoplankton, so that the high phytoplankton biomass extends from the coastal areas over the northern SCS to the entire SCS in winter. These research activities could be important for revealing spatial and temporal patterns of phytoplankton and their interactions with physical environments in the SCS.  相似文献
3.
2008年夏季白令海粒度分级叶绿素a和初级生产力   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3       下载免费PDF全文
2008年7月我国第三次北极科学考察中在白令海不同区域设立BR断面、NB断面和BS断面,对200 m以浅海水进行叶绿素a浓度和初级生产力的现场观测,对部分观测站进行微型、微微型光合浮游生物的粒级结构分析,结果表明,在白令海叶绿素a和初级生产力区域性特征明显,深海海盆中BR断面表层叶绿素a浓度为0.190~0.976 μg/dm3,平均值为0.442 μg/dm3;在陆架区表层叶绿素a浓度为0.142~22.405 μg/dm3,平均值为2.077 μg/dm3;在BR断面叶绿素浓度大大低于陆架区的NB断面和BS断面;50 m以浅真光层上部浅水层的叶绿素浓度高于真光层下部深层水,观测站叶绿素a浓度最大值大多出现在30~40 m水层;水柱平均叶绿素a浓度呈现白令海峡大于白令陆架区大于白令海盆区大于北太平洋西部海域大于白令陆坡区的区域性分布特征;在8个观察站真光层内潜在初级生产力(C)为0.173~0.918 mg/(m3·h),平均初级生产力为0.50 mg/(m3·h));陆架海区的初级生产力高于深海区;光合作用同化指数为0.29~1.03 mg/(mg·h),平均生产力指数为0.74 mg/(mg·h);观测区浮游生物细胞以粒径小于20 μm的微型加微微型浮游生物居重要位置,两者对总叶绿素a浓度和总初级生产力的贡献率分别为45.08%和69.48%,细胞粒径大于20 μm的微小型浮游生物对总叶绿素a浓度和初级生产力的贡献率分别为54.92%和30.52%,其中陆架区微小型对总叶绿素a浓度的贡献率高于60%。  相似文献
4.
1996 年8 月在海南省三亚湾和榆林湾对海水中的叶绿素a 浓度、总细菌和大肠杆菌的丰度进行了检测。结果表明叶绿素a 浓度和总细菌丰度以三亚河口和榆林湾内港为最高, 离岸逐渐降低。三亚河口和榆林湾内港的叶绿素a 高浓度 (分别超过10 μg/dm 3 和5 μg/dm 3)、高的总细菌丰度(均达4×106个/cm 3) 和三亚河口高的大肠杆菌丰度(达11 000 个/dm 3) 表明其水体已呈现富营养化, 这主要是由生活污水通过三亚河对河口和内港的污染造成的。要保证三亚市旅游业的可持续发展, 应加强对三亚河、榆林内港及海滨区环境和水质的监控与管理  相似文献
5.
吕宋海峡西部深海盆内孤立波潜标观测研究   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
Mesoscale eddies have been suggested to have an impact on biological carbon fixation in the South China Sea (SCS). However, their overall contribution to primary production during the spring inter-monsoon pe riod is still unknown. Based on large-scale biological and environmental in situ observations and synchro nous remote sensing data, the distribution patterns of phytoplankton biomass and the primary production, and the role of mesoscale eddies in regulating primary production in different eddy-controlled waters were investigated. The results suggested that the surface chlorophyll a concentrations and water column inte grated primary production (IPP) are significantly higher in cyclonic eddies and lower in the anticyclonic eddies as compared to that in non-eddy waters. Although eddies could affect various environmental factors, such as nutrients, temperature and light availability, nutrient supply is suggested to be the most important one through which mesoscale eddies regulated the distribution patterns of phytoplankton biomass and pri mary production. The estimated IPP in cyclonic and anticyclonic eddies are about 29.5% higher and 16.6% lower than the total average in the whole study area, respectively, indicating that the promotion effect of mesoscale cold eddies on the primary production was much stronger than the inhibition effect of the warm eddies per unit area. Overall, mesoscale eddies are crucial physical processes that affect the biological car bon fixation and the distribution pattern of primary production in the SCS open sea, especially during the spring inter-monsoon period.  相似文献
6.
台风对海洋叶绿素a浓度影响的定量遥感初探   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
研究台风对海洋水色环境的影响,是目前海洋遥感技术又一应用领域.由于台风期间天气恶劣,遥感资料较少,国际上主要针对个别典型台风,研究其对海表温度、海洋叶绿素a浓度及初级生产力的影响,很少通过遥感资料系统地对这一影响进行定量分析和建模.自2000到2007年,过境中国近海以及西北太平洋海域台风近百次,作者通过系统地分析这期间MODIS,SeawiFS的3A级叶绿素a浓度数据,结果发现:(1)台风促进了相应海域叶绿素a浓度的大幅增长,总体上平均增长约1.426倍,个别区域在5倍以上,同时,该增长一般延后3~6 d,在7~10 d后恢复到原来的水平;(2)进一步对这些数据进行一元统计线性回归,发现叶绿素a浓度增长比(Rchl-a与台风影响因子(Tw)满足如下关系:Rchl-ahh-0.001 2Tw+1.017,其相关系数达0.8;(3)台风期间叶绿素a浓度与无台风时叶绿素a浓度之间有很强的线性关系,其关系满足:Cchl-a=1.236 7C0chl-a+0.063 6,且相关系数高达0.98.这一初步研究结果对进一步通过遥感手段深入研究台风对海洋水色环境的影响有借鉴意义.  相似文献
7.
三门湾秋季浮游植物现存量和初级生产力   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
对1987年9月浙江三门湾海区浮游植物细胞丰度、叶绿素a浓度和初级生产力的分布特征及其与环境的关系进行了研究。结果表明,调查海区的浮游植物细胞丰度、叶绿素a浓度和初级生产力均具有明显的空间区域性分布特征。叶绿素a浓度高值区位于三门湾顶部和健跳港口,从湾顶部往湾口海区方向,叶绿素a浓度逐渐下降。初级生产力的分布趋势与叶绿素a浓度的分布趋势一致。表层水浮游植物平均细胞丰度为(3.36±1.39)×103个/dm3,表、底层平均叶绿素a浓度分别为(1.47±0.42)μg/dm3和(1.12±0.19)μg/dm3,平均初级生产力为(36.0±29.5)mg/(m2·d)。  相似文献
8.
海洋叶绿素a浓度是衡量海洋浮游植物的生物量和富营养化程度的最基本指标之一。黄、东海叶绿素a浓度年际变化显著,其影响因素需深入分析。本文依据黄、东海的地理位置、水深和生态特征将其分为5个区域进行研究。由5个区域叶绿素a浓度的季节变化可以看出,水华发生早晚依次是黄海西岸—北黄海中部—南黄海中部—东海陆架区—东海近岸海区。从年际变化可以看出,除东海陆架外,其它4个区域的变化幅度均较大。在冬季和夏季,5个区域的基础生物量在2008年均达到最低;在春季和秋季,黄、东海近岸和北黄海中部的年际变化较大,5个区域在2006年春季均达到最高;2009年秋季较其它年份均低。5个区域基础生物量由高到低为:黄、东海近岸较高,然后是北黄海中部和南黄海中部,东海陆架最低。从与水温、风速和有效光合辐射的相关分析来看,浮游植物生长的年际变化受海面风速的影响较大。近岸区域水体混合均匀,营养盐丰富,风速较小时水体稳定有利于浮游植物生长,而水深较深区域,风速较大时,营养盐易补充到表层,有利于浮游植物生长。  相似文献
9.
台风对海洋叶绿素a浓度影响的延迟效应   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
利用MODIS、SeaWiFS 3A资料详细分析了2000-2006年间西北太平洋海域主要台风对叶绿素a浓度的影响.结果发现,台风可导致叶绿素a浓度最大增长平均值为2.385倍,个别最高达10倍以上,且增长到最大值平均延迟5.94d;同时叶绿素a浓度最大值与无台风时叶绿素a浓度具有线性相关性,相关系数达0.889;叶绿素a浓度与相应的海域平均海水深度具有负的乘幂关系,其相关系数是0.87;台风后叶绿素a浓度的最大增长量与相应海域海水平均深度也呈负乘幂关系,其相关性略低于前者,相关系数为0.75.  相似文献
10.
Vertical distributions of phytoplankton biomass, compositions and size structure were investigated during the spring-intermonsoon (April 22 to 30) of 2010 along transact 10°N of the Bay of Bengal, northern Indian Ocean. Surface phytoplankton biomass (Chl a) was (0.065§0.009) μg/L, being greater than 80% of which was contributed by pico-phytoplankton (<3 μm). The Chl a concen- tration vertically increased to the maximal values at deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) layer that shoaled eastwards from 75 to 40 m. The Chl a biomass at DCM layer generally varied between 0.2 and 0.4 μg/L, reaching the maximum of 0.56 μg/L with micro-phytoplankton cells (>20 μm) accounting for 58% and nano- (3-20 μm) or pico-cells for 15% and 27%, respectively. In particular, the cells concentration coupling well with phosphate level was observed at middle layer (75-100 m) of 87° to 89°E, dominated by micro-cells diatoms (e.g., Chaetoceros atlanticus v. neapolitana, Chaetoceros femur and Pseudonitzschia sp.) and cyanobacteria (i.e., Trichodesmium hildebrandtii), with the cells concentration reached as high as 4.0×104 and 4.3×104 cells/L. At the rest of the trans- act however, dino°agellates (e.g., Amphisdinium carterae and Prorocentrum sp.) were the dominant species, with the cells concentration varying from 0.3×103 to 6.8×103 cells/L. Our results also in- dicate that the regulation of large cells (micro-, nano-) on phytoplankton biomass merely occurred at DCM layer of the Bay.  相似文献
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