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1.
台州沿海地区台风风暴潮淹没风险分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
台州市是我国遭受台风风暴潮灾害最为严重的地区之一,对台州地区进行风暴潮淹没风险分析对于该区域的海洋防灾减灾工作有着十分重要的意义。找出对整个评估区域各控制点均能产生较大增水的台风路径作为淹没风险分析的基础路径,同时为保守起见,保证每次台风过程的最大增水均叠加在当地天文高潮上,根据台风强度不同分为6个等级对应风暴潮的不同强度,评估分析六个不同等级的台风风暴潮叠加到台州当地天文高潮所产生的风暴潮灾害。评估中还充分考虑了实际一维海堤等对评估结果的影响,评估结果更加合理。从分析的结果来看,由于台州市区高程普遍偏低,一旦出现海水漫堤的情况,将会在评估区域内造成大面积的淹没,受灾程度视淹没深度和范围不同而不同。  相似文献
2.
The characteristics of three-dimensional (3-D) tidal current in the Oujiang Estuary are investigated according to in situ observations. The Oujiang Estuary has features of irregular coastline, complex topography, many islands, moveable boundary, and submerged dyke, therefore, a 3-D numerical model on an unstructured triangular grid has been developed. The σ coordinate transformation, the moveable boundary and submerged dyke treatment techniques were employed in the model so it is suitable for the tidal simu...  相似文献
3.
Wave decomposition phenomenon and spectrum evolution over submerged bars are investigated by a previously developed numerical model. First, the computed free surface displacements of regular waves at various locations are compared with the available experimental data to confirm the validity of the numerical model, and satisfactory agreements are obtained. In addition, variations of decomposition characteristics with incident wave parameters and the change of energy spectrum for regular waves are also studie...  相似文献
4.
In this paper,the numerical model of the net cage with the grid mooring system in waves is set up by the lumped mass method and rigid kinematics theory,and then the motion equations of floating system,net system,mooring system,and floaters are solved by the Runge-Kutta fifth-order method.For the verification of the numerical model,a series of physical model tests have been carried out.According to the comparisons between the simulated and experimental results,it can be found that the simulated and experimental results agree well in each condition.Then,the effects of submerged depth of grid and direction of incident wave propagation on hydrodynamic behaviors of the net cage are analyzed.According to the simulated results,it can be found that with the increase of submerged depth of grid,the forces acting on mooring lines and bridle lines increase,while the forces on grid lines decrease;the horizontal motion amplitudes of floating collar decrease obviously,while the vertical motion amplitudes of floating collar change little.When the direction of incident wave propagation changes,forces on mooting lines and motion of net cage also change accordingly.When the propagation direction of incident wave changes from 0° to 45°,forces on the main ropes and bridle ropes increase,while the forces on the grid ropes decrease.With the increasing propagation direction of incident wave,the horizontal amplitude of the forces collar decreases,while the vertical amplitude of the floating collar has little variation.  相似文献
5.
《海洋世界》2009,(3):6-6
最近发表在《新科学家》杂志上的一篇文章指出,南极冰川融化后产生的水并不是平均分布到全球海洋中去的,而是聚集在北美和印度洋周围。这对美国东海岸来说是个坏消息,生活在那里的人们将要承受海平面突然上升带来的压力。  相似文献
6.
基于河道水动力及植物柔性变形分析,建立淹没状态下的植物河道糙率计算的理论关系,同时,利用试验资料及理论分析成果,进一步获得了植物河道糙率的附加值,借此可以分析与评价河道植物对水流阻力的影响程度.  相似文献
7.
Fifteen formulae of wave transmission coefficient for submerged breakwaters obtained during last 3 decades are presented,compared,and analyzed in this paper.The dimensionless parameters mainly involved in this discussion are the relative submerged depth Rc/h,relative wave height Rc/Hi,relative rubble size B/D50,relative breakwater width B/HiL0 and wave breaker index ξ.It indicates that there exist notable differences among the computed results,which mainly originate from the limited experimental conditions and different analytical methods,even though the major tendency keeps similar.It is necessary to conduct more systematic studies to obtain better understanding about the mechanism of wave transmission over submerged breakwaters.  相似文献
8.
根据国家海洋局在省级开展漫堤试预报的要求,海南省海洋与渔业厅组织了海口市高风险区风暴潮增水淹没图和应急疏散路径图编制项目,2009年7月完成合同确定的各项任务并通过专家验收.项目的重要成果-海口市风暴潮高风险区增水淹没图信息系统受到专家一致肯定并在2009年海口市应急管理工作中发挥了积极作用.  相似文献
9.
利用对速度势的分离变量及匹配特征函数展开法,建立波浪对淹没垂直圆柱绕射问题的解析解,通过与边界元方法的对比验证了本方法的正确性,并通过对特征展开项项数及圆柱相对厚度的收敛性测试证明了该方法对较薄圆盘及零厚度圆盘波浪力计算的适用性.基于上述模型,考虑不同淹没深度与相对厚度对圆柱作用力影响,结果表明,圆柱所受到的最大波浪力并不总是随着淹没深度的增大而减小,而圆柱厚度对波浪力的影响则较为复杂,在不同波数范围显示出不同的特性.  相似文献
10.
Submerged horizontal plate can be considered as a new concept breakwater. In order to reveal the wave elimination mechanism of this type breakwater, boundary element method is utilized to investigate the velocity field around plate carefully. The flow field analysis shows that the interaction between incident wave and reverse flow caused by submerged plate will lead to the formation of wave elimination area around both sides of the plate. The velocity magnitude of flow field has been reduced and this is the main reason of wave elimination.  相似文献
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