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1.
河口底边界层湍流观测后处理技术方法分析   总被引:5,自引:3,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
河口底边界层过程是河口海岸研究与工程应用中的重要内容.三维点式高频流速仪(ADV)已经成为湍流现场观测的最有效的工具之一,然而受测量状态、复杂的波流环境、底床几何结构等因素的影响,湍流观测的后处理目前还不成熟.在前人工作的基础上,提出了河口底边界层湍流观测后处理的综合技术方法,包括测量状态判断、数据质量检测、坐标系旋转、去除毛刺及滤波,探讨了这些处理方法中的某些步骤及处理顺序对湍流参数估算可能产生的影响,提出了综合后处理技术的准确性评估方法.该研究对于近岸海洋湍流混合、泥沙输运等重要问题的解决可以提供较为扎实的技术支持.  相似文献
2.
底边界层水沙观测系统和应用   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
利用现代先进的光学和声学测量仪器(ADP、PC-ADP、ADV、OBS等),组制四角架观测系统用于底边界层的水沙观测.此观测系统既可获取垂向流速场,更可获取常规水文观测难以获取的高分辨率的近底流速、近底单点紊动过程、近底温盐沙和波浪过程.利用此观测系统于2007年8月在长江口北槽最大浑浊带内进行了实地观测.分析四角架观测数据与同步船测底部数据表明,四角架观测系统在近底(特别是底部明显分层)观测时表现出明显优势.常规水文观测测得底部含沙量一般只相当于距底70~120 cm高度含沙量;船测底部最大含沙量为5.8 kg/m 3,而架测距底30 cm处最大含沙量有25 kg/m 3;近底含沙量较高时往往出现强分层,强分层时实测距底30 cm处含沙量可达距底120 cm处含沙量的5倍;船测底部流速比架测距底30 cm处流速平均偏大45%;但距底30 cm处最大流速仍可达1.2 m/s.船测数据也验证了四角架观测数据的正确性.  相似文献
3.
基于ADV声学泥沙反演与扩散机制分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
利用座底三脚架观测系统于2012年洪季对珠江黄茅海河口湾底边界层沉积动力过程进行了系统观测,建立了基于现场ADV探测的高频泥沙声学反演方法,分析了泥沙浓度、泥沙扩散通量及泥沙扩散系数随潮汐变化的特征,探讨了泥沙再悬浮的湍流猝发机制。泥沙浓度、泥沙扩散通量、涡动扩散系数及泥沙扩散系数具有明显的潮汐变化特征,主要表现为急流时较大、憩流时较小。泥沙沉降速度与泥沙浓度之间的幂函数关系可以很好地描述潮周期内沉降速度的变化。湍流猝发过程中,喷射和扫射事件是泥沙垂向扩散的主要动量来源,大振幅的猝发事件对泥沙垂向扩散具有决定性影响。  相似文献
4.
珠江河口底边界层湍流积分尺度研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
介绍湍流积分尺度的几种常用计算方法.基于三组珠江口崖门的湍流观测资料,分别计算了一个潮周期内珠江口底边界层湍流积分尺度的变化,并对比不同计算方法的稳定性.计算结果表明,基于Taylor假定的自相关函数积分法的计算结果稳定可靠.湍流积分尺度在一个潮周期内的变化很大,积分尺度的变化与平均流的流速变化有着很好的对应关系,三个测次纵向、横向和垂向积分尺度的平均值分别约为4.9~10.4 cm、3.3~6.2 cm和4.3~5.2 cm.  相似文献
5.
海洋底边界层中实测海流的垂直分布I. 余流边界层   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
海底以上 1— 2m水层的海流垂直分布和变化 ,对于海底泥沙运动和海洋工程设计具有十分重要的意义。迄今为止 ,研究者分别从实测资料、实验室实验和理论等方面对底边界层中稳定流动的垂直分布进行了研究 ,其结果均难以直接满足工程需要。本文基于现有的理论和实验结果 ,发展了现有海底边界层理论 ,运用把稳定流的底Ekman层与对数层相配匹的方法确定了实测余流的垂直分布 ,并给出了在渤海石油平台区的应用实例。结果表明 ,本文给出的原理和方法在应用中与实测结果符合良好 ,可以直接满足工程需要  相似文献
6.
A simple numerical model, based on the Reynolds stress equations and kε turbulence closure scheme, is developed for the coastal wave and current bottom boundary layer. The current friction velocity is introduced to account for the effect of currents on waves. The implicit Crank–Nicolson finite difference method discretizes the governing equations. Vertical changing step grids with the constant ratio for two adjacent spatial steps are used together with the equal time steps in the modeling. Vertical profiles of mean current velocity and wave velocity amplitude are obtained. These modeled results are compared with the laboratory experimental data of Van Doorn [1981. Experimental investigation of near bottom velocities in water waves with and without a current. Report M1423, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands; 1982. Experimenteel onderzoek naar het snelheidsveld in de turbulente bodemgrenslaag in een oscillerende stroming in een golftunnel. Report M1562, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands]. It has been shown that modeled and observed (Van Doorn, T., 1981. Experimental investigation of near bottom velocities in water waves with and without a current. Report M1423, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands; 1982. Experimenteel onderzoek naar het snelheidsveld in de turbulente bodemgrenslaag in een oscillerende stroming in een golftunnel. Report M1562, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands) mean velocity profiles within the wave and current bottom boundary layer are in better agreement than outside. Modeled and observed (Van Doorn, T., 1981. Experimental investigation of near bottom velocities in water waves with and without a current. Report M1423, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands) wave velocity amplitude profiles within the wave and current bottom boundary layer are in better agreement than outside. Modeled wave velocity amplitudes are in good agreement with the laboratory experimental data of Van Doorn [1982. Experimenteel onderzoek naar het snelheidsveld in de turbulente bodemgrenslaag in een oscillerende stroming in een golftunnel. Report M1562, Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, Delft, The Netherlands].  相似文献
7.
李诚  张弛  隋倜倜 《海洋学报》2016,38(5):141-149
建立了同时考虑波致雷诺应力和时均水平压强梯度影响的二阶波浪边界层数学模型,模型计算得到的浅化波浪层流边界层内瞬时流速剖面、振荡速度幅值和时均流速剖面均与水槽实验数据吻合较好,在此基础上探讨了浅化波浪边界层流速分布特性及其影响机制。随着波浪的浅化变形,边界层内时均流速剖面"底部向岸、上部离岸"的变化特征越来越明显。这是二阶对流项引起的波致雷诺应力和离岸回流引起的时均水平压强梯度共同作用的结果,在床面附近由波致雷诺应力占主导作用并趋于引起向岸流动,在上部区域由时均水平压强梯度占主导作用并趋于引起离岸流动。  相似文献
8.
This study describes a new convenient and robust system developed to measure benthic boundary layer properties, with emphasis placed on the determination of bed shear stress and roughness height distribution within estuarine systems by using velocity measurements. This system consisted of a remotely operated motorised traverser that allowed a single ADV to collect data between 0 and 1 m above the bed. As a case study, we applied the proposed traversing system to investigate bottom boundary layer (BBL) hydraulic properties within Coombabah Creek, Queensland, Australia. Four commonly-employed techniques: (1) Log-Profile (LP); (2) Reynolds stress (RS); (3) Turbulent Kinetic Energy (TKE); and (4) Inertial Dissipation (ID) used to estimate bed shear stresses from velocity measurements were compared. Bed shear stresses estimated with these four methods agreed reasonably well; of these, the LP method was found to be most useful and reliable. Additionally, the LP method permits the calculation of roughness height, which the other three methods do not. An average value of bed shear stress of 0.46 N/m2, roughness height of 4.3 mm, and drag coefficient of 0.0054 were observed within Coombabah Creek. Results are consistent with that reported for several other silty bed estuaries.  相似文献
9.
A bottom-mounted instrumental tripod was deployed in the tidally energetic Zhujiang (Pearl River) Estuary to examine the contrasting properties of the bottom boundary layer (BBL) flows between estuarine and tide-affected river systems. Three aspects of the BBL flows were investigated to understand the mechanism of the turbulence responses to the large-scale ambient forcing: the flow structures (profile, anisotropy, and spectra), shearing strains and stresses, and the balance of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE). Single log-law profiles and turbulence anisotropy predominated in the two systems, but the non-log regime and stronger anisotropy occurred more frequently at the slack tide in the estuary. The ADV-based turbulence intensities and shearing strains both exceeded their low-frequency counterparts (frictional velocities and mean shears) derived from the logarithmic law. On the contrary, the ADV-based Reynolds stresses were smaller than the log profile-derived bottom stresses, so the hypothesis of a constant stress layer cannot be well satisfied, especially in the river. The bandwidth of the inertial subrange in the river was of one decade larger than in the estuary. The balance between shear production and viscous dissipation was better achieved in the straight river. This first-order balance was significantly broken in the estuary and in the meandering river, by non-shear production/dissipation due to wave-induced fluctuations or salinity/sediment stratification. All these disparities between two systems in turbulence properties are essentially controlled by the anisotropy induced by the large-scale processes such as secondary currents, density stratification. In conclusion, the acceleration of unsteady flows determines the profile structure of the BBL flow, and turbulence anisotropy results in the invalidation of the phenomenological relations such as the constant stress hypothesis and the first-order TKE balance.  相似文献
10.
本文基于2007年8月圣帕台风影响台湾海峡期间的厦门湾垂向海流流速剖面观测资料,运用Karman-Prandtl模型统计和分析了流速对数剖面的出现频率和边界层参数(摩阻流速与粗糙长度).结果表明流速剖面满足对数分布出现频率都超过50%,但进行内部一致性原则分析后,流速剖面满足对数分布情况均不足30%.造成流速剖面偏离对数分布的因素主要有:台风、径流、流速加减速、水体分层、底床结构、海底悬沙浓度等等.台风期间的摩阻流速和粗糙长度都大于非台风期间的数值.  相似文献
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