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1.
夏季粤西沿岸流特征及其产生机制   总被引:16,自引:4,他引:12       下载免费PDF全文
根据粤西海域漂流瓶的运动轨迹、海流周日定点连续观测结果、温盐大面站调查的资料、船测ADCP的流矢量和卫星遥感SST的综合分析结果发现,夏季珠江口以西的近岸流大部分时间向西运动,它构成琼州海峡东部气旋涡的北翼;向西的沿岸流还有一部分海水通过琼州海峡向西进入北部湾.并不像传统观点认为的那样,琼州海峡冬季余流向西,夏季余流向东.如果西南风强盛,向西的沿岸流方向可以暂时转而向东北.还揭示了粤西海域、琼州海峡和北部湾北部海域夏季沿岸流的重要特征并进行了机制分析.  相似文献
2.
Recent advances in ocean-circulation research on the Yellow Sea and East China Sea shelves are summarized. Observations using acoustic Doppler current profilers (ADCPs) suggest that the connectivity of mean-volume-transports is incomplete between the Tsushima (2.6 Sverdrups; 1 Sv = 106 m3/s) and Taiwan Straits (1.2 Sv). The remaining 1.4-Sv transport must be supplied by onshore Kuroshio intrusion across the East China Sea shelf break. The Yellow Sea Warm Current is not a persistent ocean current, but an episodic event forced by northerly winter monsoon winds. Nevertheless, the Cheju Warm Current is detected clearly regardless of season. In addition, the throughflow in the Taiwan Strait may be episodic in winter when northeasterly winds prevail. The throughflow strengthens (vanishes) under moderate (severe) northeasterly wind conditions. Using all published ADCP-derived estimates, the throughflow transport (V) in the Taiwan Strait is approximated as
where V 0, V 1, K are 1.2 Sv, 1.3 Sv, and 157 days, respectively, t is yearday, and T is 365.2422 days (i.e., 1 year). The difference between the throughflow transports in the Tsushima and Taiwan Straits suggests that the onshore Kuroshio intrusion across the shelf break increases from autumn to winter. The China Coastal Current has been observed in winter, but shelf currents are obscure in summer.  相似文献
3.
夏季长江冲淡水转向机制分析   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
利用 1 95 9,1 975 - 1 982年及 1 998年夏季各月黄、东海盐度分布和相应风场资料 ,分析讨论了长江冲淡水夏季的扩展路径。指出 :除海底坡降外 ,由 S向的苏北沿岸流和 N,NE向的浙东沿岸流及台湾暖流构成的“力偶”,是使冲淡水向左扭转的重要外力之一。用近岸均质模型和远岸双层模型的涡度方程定性讨论了冲淡水的转向机制  相似文献
4.
近岸流系与长江入海悬浮泥沙输移扩散   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
通过两年较完整的序列 NOAA/AVHRR 数据和实测含沙量资料,利用考虑近岸Ⅱ类水体大气校正的泥沙定量反演算法,获得了较高精度的河口高浓度泥沙遥感反演模式;利用泥沙浓度分级图和反映流系特征的温度图象,系统分析了长江口悬浮泥沙扩散途径、范围及其与近岸流系的关系。影响长江入海悬浮泥沙扩散的近岸流系主要包括台湾暖流、黄海混合水、苏北沿岸流及浙江沿岸流等。冬季,近岸流系比较稳定,其配置状况在一定程度上影响着苏北沿岸泥沙流向长江口的扩散,并制约着入海悬浮泥沙的扩散途径;洪季,长江入海径流量是影响悬浮泥沙扩散的重要因子。同时,长江冲淡水、浙江沿岸流共同形成的冷水区与台湾暖流水之间锋面的强度,也对悬浮泥沙和冲淡水的扩散方向和范围有重要影响;春、秋两季入海悬浮泥沙的扩散型式分别向夏、冬季的分布格局过渡。此外,风应力显著影响着浑水区的扩散方向和范围。风浪掀沙引起的河口泥沙再悬浮,可使近岸泥沙扩散范围增大。  相似文献
5.
山东半岛东北部滨浅海区表层沉积物粒度及矿物成分   总被引:4,自引:3,他引:1  
对山东半岛东北部滨浅海区海底表层沉积物的粒度和矿物组分进行了分析,探讨了其物源及其粒度分布特征与沉积动力条件的关系。结果表明,本区表层沉积物主要来源于现代黄河物质,底质类型主要有黏土质粉砂、砂质粉砂和粉砂质砂3种类型,其中黏土质粉砂约占该区沉积物分布面积的60%以上,呈“Y”形由西北向东南展布。研究区沉积作用的主控因素是黄海沿岸流,各粒级组分的分布和粒度参数特征与海流的方向和强弱有明显的相关性。  相似文献
6.
苏北沿岸流对浒苔暴发及漂移过程的影响   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
根据2009年5月的温度、盐度和溶解氧观测数据,应用"对应分析法"对水团的分布范围和特性进行了分析,并探讨了苏北沿岸流对浒苔(Enteromorpha prolifera)暴发及漂移过程的影响。结果表明,春季苏北沿岸流向东南流动过程中,可以将海水中悬浮的浒苔繁殖体向南输运至长江冲淡水与苏北沿岸流交汇处,此处的浒苔繁殖体在适宜的条件下生长繁殖。在夏季风的作用下,长江口北部的浒苔与苏北沿岸海域的浒苔,随表层海流向北漂移,在地球偏转力作用下,漂移路径不断向右偏转,并最终在山东半岛南部海域聚集堆积。苏北沿岸流在浒苔暴发初期将繁殖体输送到条件适宜的生长区,并对浒苔向北漂移起到了重要作用。长江冲淡水向北扩展范围的增大对于浒苔的生长和繁殖起到了促进作用。查明浒苔扩散路径及输运机制不仅具有重要环境意义,而且对深入了解沿岸和河口区泥沙及污染物的扩散和输运机制具有指示作用。  相似文献
7.
中国近岸海区沿岸流和海岸流对沉积物的搬运   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
中国近岸海区存在两种海流:沿岸流和海岸流。前者是波浪产生的,主要搬运破波带以内的沉积物。后者是中国边缘海环流系统的一部分,位于破波带外,主要搬运粉砂和黏土细粒沉积物。在一些中文文献中两者都称作沿岸流。这容易形成概念上的混乱和分析问题上的错误。为了避免混淆,属于边缘海环流系统一部分的沿岸流应该称作海岸流,对于具体的沿岸流如渤莱沿岸流可以直接称呼为渤莱海流。两种海流的方向可以相同、相反或者呈一定角度。山东北部海岸沉积物的空间分布明显地受波浪、近岸环流系统(沿岸流、裂流)及海岸流控制。  相似文献
8.
On the basis of data of drifting bottles' tracks and the current measured in anchored stations, as well as temperature and salinity observed in cruise investigations and coastal stations, ADCP current data and AVHRR surface sea temperature (SST) data on the western coast of Guangdong, synthetic results of analysis showed that the coastal currents in the west of the mouth of the Zhujiang River were mainly westward in summer, which constituted the north branch of cyclonic gyre in the east of the Qiongzhou Straits. Part of its water flowed westward into the Beibu Gulf through the Qiongzhou Straits. The coastal current pattern was not identical with the traditional current system which flowed westward in the Qiongzhou Straits in winter and eastward in summer. The summertime's coastal current was always westward, maybe temporarily turning northeast only when the southwest wind was strong. The important characteristics of coastal current on the western coast of Guangdong, in the Qiongzhou Straits and in the north of the Beibu Gulf were analyzed and their mechanisms also were explained.  相似文献
9.
Subinertial and seasonal variations in the Soya Warm Current (SWC) are investigated using data obtained by high frequency (HF) ocean radars, coastal tide gauges, and a bottom-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP). The HF radars clearly captured the seasonal variations in the surface current fields of the SWC. Almost the same seasonal cycle was repeated in the period from August 2003 to March 2007, although interannual variations were also discernible. In addition to the annual and interannual variations, the SWC exhibited subinertial variations with a period of 5–20 days. The surface transport by the SWC was significantly correlated with the sea level difference between the Sea of Japan and Sea of Okhotsk for both the seasonal and subinertial variations, indicating that the SWC is driven by the sea level difference between the two seas. The generation mechanism of the subinertial variation is discussed using wind data from the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) analyses. The subinertial variations in the SWC were significantly correlated with the meridional wind stress component over the region. The subinertial variations in the sea level difference and surface current delay from the meridional wind stress variations by one or two days. Sea level difference through the strait caused by wind-generated coastally trapped waves (CTWs) along the east coast of Sakhalin and west coast of Hokkaido is considered to be a possible mechanism causing the subinertial variations in the SWC.  相似文献
10.
Observation of the Soya Warm Current using HF ocean radar   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
Three High Frequency (HF) ocean radar stations were installed around the Soya/La Perouse Strait in the Sea of Okhotsk in order to monitor the Soya Warm Current (SWC). The frequency of the HF radar is 13.9 MHz, and the range and azimuth resolutions are 3 km and 5 deg., respectively. The radar covers a range of approximately 70 km from the coast. The surface current velocity observed by the HF radars was compared with data from drifting buoys and shipboard Acoustic Doppler Current Profilers (ADCPs). The current velocity derived from the HF radars shows good agreement with that observed using the drifting buoys. The root-mean-square (rms) differences were found to be less than 20 cm s−1 for the zonal and meridional components in the buoy comparison. The observed current velocity was also found to exhibit reasonable agreement with the shipboard ADCP data. It was shown that the HF radars clearly capture seasonal and short-term variations of the SWC. The velocity of the Soya Warm Current reaches its maximum, approximately 1 m s−1, in summer and weakens in winter. The velocity core is located 20 to 30 km from the coast, and its width is approximately 40 km. The surface transport by the SWC shows a significant correlation with the sea level difference along the strait, as derived from coastal tide gauge records at Wakkanai and Abashiri. Deceased.  相似文献
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