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1.
A probabilistic framework for durability assessment of concrete structures in marine environments was proposed in terms of reliability and sensitivity analysis, which takes into account the uncertainties under the environmental, material, structural and executional conditions. A time-dependent probabilistic model of chloride ingress was established first to consider the variations in various governing parameters, such as the chloride concentration, chloride diffusion coefficient, and age factor. Then the Nataf transformation was adopted to transform the non-normal random variables from the original physical space into the independent standard Normal space. After that the durability limit state function and its gradient vector with respect to the original physical parameters were derived analytically, based on which the first-order reliability method was adopted to analyze the time-dependent reliability and parametric sensitivity of concrete structures in marine environments. The accuracy of the proposed method was verified by comparing with the second-order reliability method and the Monte Carlo simulation. Finally, the influences of environmental conditions, material properties, structural parameters and execution conditions on the time-dependent reliability of concrete structures in marine environments were also investigated. The proposed probabilistic framework can be implemented in the decision-making algorithm for the maintenance and repair of deteriorating concrete structures in marine environments.  相似文献
2.
海水海泥跃变区钢铁电化学腐蚀行为研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
于1993年1-7月,在室内模拟条件下研究钢铁试样在海泥-海水跃变区的电化学腐蚀特征。发现钢试样在该跃区产生了电偶腐蚀,电偶极性在实验期间内发生逆转,试验前后电偶试样的稳定自由腐蚀电位都发生正移,且水中试样电位正移植大于泥中试样的正移植,还发现温度以电化学参数无明显影响。  相似文献
3.
钢在不同海底沉积物中的腐蚀研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:3  
1993年9月—1994年9月在中国科学院海洋研究所培育楼流动海水实验室将普通碳钢(A3钢)和低合金钢(16Mn钢)以分别和电连接两种挂片方式置于海面大气区、海水全浸区和不同的海底沉积物中进行一年的室内模拟实验。结果表明,两种钢在海洋环境中的腐蚀率在分别挂片时呈下列顺序:海面大气区>海水全浸区>海底沉积区;在电连挂片时出现如下顺序:海面大气区>海底沉积区>海水全浸区。随着海底沉积物颗粒度的减小,水/泥(砂)界面腐蚀最轻的钢片的腐蚀速度在电连挂片时成正相关关系,分别挂片时影响不大。处于沉积区最底部的钢片因成为宏电池的阳极,而遭受最严重的腐蚀。低合金钢的腐蚀率比普碳钢略大。  相似文献
4.
应力腐蚀开裂的一种概率竞争机制   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
1998年1月,采用极化曲线,慢应变速率及扫描电镜等试验技术,研究了奥氏体不锈钢的应力腐蚀开裂。结果表明,奥氏体不锈钢在酸性氯离子溶液中处于活性阳极溶解状态,但去发生应力腐蚀开裂,其断口形貌具有解理特征。这种SCC无法用钝化膜破裂一再钝化理论和氢脆理论解释。本文以阳极溶解和表变的相互作用,激光散斑干涉术对裂纹尖端应变行为的测量,断口形貌观察等实验结果为基础,结合韧性和脆性断裂概率竞争的观点,提出了  相似文献
5.
低合金钢在海洋各腐蚀区带的锈层研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:2  
1995年5月通过对低合金-16Mn钢在埕岛海区挂片两年(1992年10月-1994年10月)的腐蚀产物的穆斯堡尔谱测定,研究了低合金钢在飞浅区,潮差区,全浸区和海泥区四个不同海洋腐蚀区带的锈层组成和含量。锈层中的FeOOH和Fe3O4的不同含量说明了内锈层中的β-FeOOH作为氧化剂参与了阴极作用,加速了干湿交替区低合金的腐蚀。  相似文献
6.
钢在海洋沉积物中的腐蚀电化学测量技术   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
1998年3月在中国科学院海洋研究所设计了一个新型电解池,以满足试样在海洋沉积物中极化曲线测量的需要。该电解池装有二个参比电极,它们距工作电极之间的距离可以精确调节。介质电阻对极化曲线的影响可以计算不同电位下的介质电阻予以消除,模拟电路和实际体系的测量结果表明,该实验技术可以用于海洋沉积物腐蚀电化学的研究中。  相似文献
7.
受腐蚀钢筋混凝土结构力学性能研究现状   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:5  
在总结近年来国内外大量研究成果的基础上,对受腐蚀钢筋混凝土结构的力学性能进行了论述,同时针对海洋环境腐蚀的特点,提出了海洋环境下结构力学性能方面应该研究的课题。为海洋腐蚀环境下钢筋混凝土结构的耐久性设计和使用寿命评估提供参考。  相似文献
8.
南海A平台导管架阴极保护监测结果讨论与分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
通过对南海A平台导管架阴极保护监测结果的分析,研究了该平台下水一年后导管架的阴极保护状态。结果表明,该平台下水后,导管架各节点电位及牺牲阳极电位均达到保护,阴极保护状态良好。阴极保护监测系统运行稳定,双电极探头未发现损坏,所得监测结果翔实可靠,对该海域新建平台导管架监测系统有着重要的借鉴价值。  相似文献
9.
The potential for the structural capability degrading effects of both corrosion and fatigue induced cracks are of profound importance and must be both fully understood and reflected in vessel's inspection and maintenance programme. Corrosion has been studied and quantified by many researchers, however its effect on structural integrity is still subject to uncertainty, particularly with regards to localized corrosion. The present study is focused on assessing the effects of localized pitting corrosion on the ultimate strength of unstiffened plates. Over 265 non-linear finite-element analyses of panels with various locations and sizes of pitting corrosion have been carried out. The results indicate that the length, breadth and depth of pit corrosion have weakening effects on the ultimate strength of the plates while plate slenderness has only marginal effect on strength reduction. Transverse location of pit corrosion is also an important factor determining the amount of strength reduction. When corrosion spreads transversely on both edges, it has the most deteriorating effect on strength. In addition, artificial neural network (ANN) method is applied to derive a formula to predict ultimate strength reduction of locally corroded plates. It is found out that the proposed formulae can accurately predict the ultimate strength of locally corroded plates under uniaxial in-plane compression.  相似文献
10.
Corrosion and fatigue cracks are major threats to the structural integrity of aging offshore platforms.For the rational estimation of the safety levels of aging platforms,a global reliability assessment approach for aging offshore platforms with corrosion and fatigue cracks is presented in this paper.The base shear capacity is taken as the global ultimate strength of the offshore plaffoms,it is modeled as a random process that decreases with time in the presence of corrosion and fatigue crack propagation.And the corrosion and fatigue crack growth rates in the main members and key joints are modeled as random variables.A simulation method of the extreme wave loads which are applied to the structures of offshore platforms is proposed too.Furthermore,the statistics of global base shear capacity and extreme wave loads are obtained by Monte Carlo simulation method.On the basis of the limit state equation of global failure mode,the instantaneous reliability and time dependent reliability assessment methods are both presented in this paper.Finally the instantaueous reliability index and time dependent failure probability of a jacket platform are estimated with different ages in the demonstration example.  相似文献
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