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Model tests of floating offshore platforms replace the mooring lines by inextensible cables connected to steel springs with a linear restoring capability. With the help of fundamental investigation on the similarity laws, the present work shows that the use of very thin polyester lines in model scaling is feasible and may allow a better physical representation of the full-scale polyester lines. The proposal is to use polyester lines with length distortion in order to keep the similar restoring capability and therefore, the same non-linear behavior would also be present during the tests. The work describes the application of these ideas in a model test of an Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) submitted to regular and random waves. The tests include both the linear spring lines and the distorted equivalent polyester lines, holding the FPSO model, submitted transversally to the same waves.  相似文献
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本文采用二维水质数学模型,研究南洞庭湖污染物质迁移扩散与混合的运动规律。运用无量纲分析方法,解决了洞庭湖污染带的几个计算问题。  相似文献
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海上溢油在波浪破碎的情况下经常会形成油滴,本文讨论了油滴形成的可能机制,根据量纲分析瑞利法建立了油滴卷入率与能量耗散率、卷入深度等破碎统计物理量的关系。基于量纲分析Π定理并根据毛细数、无量纲卷入时间与粘度比的实验关系,导出了油径谱的理论模型。初步结果表明,理论谱斜率-2.29与观测谱斜率-2.3符合良好,剪切率、表面张力、油滴半径、油和水的黏度等因素是影响油滴总数的主要原因。  相似文献
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Calibration chamber tests were conducted on open‐ended model piles driven into dried siliceous sands with different soil conditions in order to clarify the effect of soil conditions on load transfer mechanism in the soil plug. The model pile used in the test series was devised so that the bearing capacity of an open‐ended pile could be measured as three components: outside shaft resistance, plug resistance, and tip resistance. Under the assumption that the unit shaft resistance due to pile‐soil plug interaction varies linearly near the pile tip, the plug resistance was estimated. The plug capacity, which was defined as the plug resistance at ultimate condition, is mainly dependent on the ambient lateral pressure and relative density. The length of wedged plug that transfers the load decreases with the decrease of relative density, but it is independent of the ambient pressure and penetration depth. Under several assumptions, the value of earth pressure coefficient in the soil plug can be calculated. It gradually reduces with increase in the longitudinal distance from the pile tip. At the bottom of the soil plug, it tends to decrease with increase in the penetration depth and relative density, and to increase with the increase of ambient pressure. This may be attributed to (1) the decrease of friction angle as a result of increase in the effective vertical stress, (2) the difference in the dilation degree of the soil plug during driving with ambient pressures, and (3) the difference in compaction degree of soil plug during driving with relative densities. Based on the test results, an empirical equation was suggested to compute the earth pressure coefficient to be used in the calculation of plug capacity using one‐dimensional analysis, and it produces proper plug capacities for all soil conditions.  相似文献
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张天宇 《海洋通报》2022,(1):114-120
本文基于传统的Cole动水压力预测公式,采用量纲分析法建立了考虑多影响因素的动水压力相似准数方程,并在此基础上进行现场监测试验,依据试验数据进行非线性回归运算,得出水下爆破动水压力预测模型公式相关参数。将得到的参数回代入Cole公式和新建模型公式进行预测误差估计和准确度评价分析,二者相对误差范围分别为0.64%~17.11%和0.08%~6.53%,平均相对误差分别为7.31%和3.33%,证明了新建模型公式对动水压力峰值的预测相比传统Cole公式更接近于实际。同时依据修正得到的模型公式对动水压力衰减规律进行分析,结果表明:动水压力峰值随着单段最大药量的增加而增大,随着传播至覆盖层表面振速峰值的增大而增大,随着距爆心水平距离的增大而不断衰减。  相似文献
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The phenomenon of wastewater discharged into coastal waters can be simplified as a turbulent jet under the effect of waves and currents. Previous studies have been carried out to investigate the jet behaviors under the current only or the wave only environment. To gain obtain better understanding of the jet behaviors in a realistic situation, a series of physical experiments on the initial dilution of a vertical round jet in the wavy cross-flow environment are conducted. The diluted processes of the jet are recorded by a high-resolution camcorder and the concentration fields of the jet are measured with a peristaltic suction pumping system. When the jet is discharged into the wavy cross-flow environment, a distinctive phenomenon, namely “effluent clouds”, is observed. According to the quantitative measurements, the jet width in the wavy cross-flow environment increases more significantly than that does in the cross-flow only environment, indicating that the waves impose a positive effect on the enhancement of jet initial dilution. In order to generalize the experimental findings, a comprehensive velocity scale ua and a characteristic length scale l are introduced. Through dimensional analysis, it is found that the dimensionless centerline concentration trajectories is in proportional to 1/3 power of the dimensionless downstream distance , and the dimensionless centerline dilution is proportional to the square of the dimensionless centerline trajectory . Several empirical equations are then derived by using the Froude number of cross-flow Frc as a reference coefficient. This paper provides a better understanding and new estimations of the jet initial dilution under the combined effect of waves and cross-flow current.  相似文献
7.
为确保海底爆破施工所诱发的振动不对中华白海豚造成危害,基于量纲分析法对萨道夫斯基经验公式进行修正,建立适用于预测海底爆破质点峰值振动速度的相似准数方程。在此基础上根据现场试验数据进行非线性回归运算,得到相关参数并分析了海底爆破振动强度衰减规律。分析表明:海底爆破质点峰值振速主要由单段装药量、监测点距爆心水平距离、覆盖层厚度及海水深度等因素决定。将参数值分别代入萨氏公式及新建公式计算预测值并进行误差估计,其平均误差分别为20.3%和10.0%,新建公式提高了对质点振速预测的准确性。利用新建公式及超压内安全振速估算保护中华白海豚的安全距离并提出相应的保护措施,为同类工程施工提供理论参考依据。  相似文献
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