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1.
基于SPOT遥感影像的九段沙潮沟信息提取及分维研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
郭永飞  韩 震 《海洋与湖沼》2013,44(6):1436-1441
以长江口九段沙为研究区, 应用灰度形态学提取了九段沙湿地的潮沟信息, 并对提取出的潮沟信息分区域采用网格法进行了分维研究, 得出了九段沙不同区域潮沟的分维值, 并对分维值进行了比较与分析。比较发现, 九段沙不同区域的分维值, 上沙最大, 下沙次之, 中沙最小。而在不同区域的不同岸段中, 处于上沙北部沿岸的潮沟分维值大于上沙其它地区; 处于中沙、下沙西北-东南沿岸的潮沟分维值分别大于中沙、下沙的其它地区。这主要与它们所处地理位置水动力条件不同有关。另外也计算了九段沙南岸与北岸的分维值, 发现南岸的分维值要大于北岸, 这与其发育时间、水动力条件和长江口深水航道工程等有一定联系。  相似文献
2.
Sediment cores were collected from the subaqueous delta of the Changjiang Estuary. Sediment grain-size profiles and their fractal dimensions were analyzed, to elucidate responses to long-term sedimentary processes. In addition, the environmental sensitive populations of grain size have been extracted. The sediment cores can be divided into two parts, according to the sedimentary structures present. The upper part (0-12 cm) is interpreted as being the active layer, which is influenced frequently by changes i...  相似文献
3.
台湾大地震活动的模糊时间分维特征   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
高华根 《台湾海峡》1994,13(2):198-203
本文用模糊时间分维方法探讨了台湾地区地震活动的时间分布规律。结果发现,“大地震”活动的时间序列与分维持征间有良好对应关系。台湾东,西地震带自本纪纪以来划分的4个“大地震”活动高潮时段前,都有一段时显维过程。可以认为,分维特征较好地反映了台湾地区的中长期地震活动趋势。  相似文献
4.
南海海温可预报性的诊断研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
邓冰  张翔 《海洋预报》1997,14(3):32-37
本文采用南沙永署礁所测的1988.9~1996.1的逐日表层海温资料和西沙1988.8~1995.12月逐日表层海温资料,用相空间延拓方法,计算了它的关联维Dm和Kalmogorov熵的近似值二阶Renyi熵K2,得到Dm为分数维,K2约为一正数值,证明南海海温系统具有混沌吸引子,是一种混沌运动,是一个强迫耗散的非线性系统,其长期演变过程主要受5~9个因子控制,可估计出相应的海温预报时效约为3~9天。南海海温的预报时效与其周期有某些相似之处,但它们之间的关系还有待于进一步研究。  相似文献
5.
The use of fractal geometry to evaluate seagrass scaling behavior and the persistence of seagrass landscape patterns in relation to a disturbance is presented in this paper.Ria Formosa is a dynamic barrier-island system with a migrating inlet that creates a cyclic disturbance in a seagrass landscape. Seagrass patches which develop in the intertidal and shallow subtidal areas of Ria Formosa were digitized from a temporal sequence of aerial photographs, from 1980 to 1998. The methodology used to evaluate seagrass scaling behavior was proposed by Meltzer and Hastings (1992), and relates the frequency distribution of patch size with the existence of patch size-related patterns. The Hurst exponent was calculated to assess the temporal persistence of the seagrass landscape. Univariate regression was used to investigate relations between temporal persistence and disturbance. The existence of patch size-related patterns was identified for all years suggesting shifts in generating processes occurring at different domains of scales in the seagrass landscape. The results enforces the idea that it is important to recognize the existence of diverse processes occurring at different domains of scales and, emphasizes the importance of evaluating issues of temporal and spatial scale while trying to understand changes in seagrass landscapes. The Hurst exponent estimates show that although the migration and relocation of the inlet affected this system the evolutionary trajectory of the seagrass landscape is persistent, i.e., the patch dynamics observed is stable. Furthermore, persistence values were different for differently sized patches, small patches having lower persistence then larger patches.  相似文献
6.
使用网格法以1987-2006年间5景经过精确校正的Landsat-TM遥感图像为基本资料,计算出了胶州湾海岸线的分形维数,其值为1.090 1(1987年),1.090 3(1992年),1.082 9(1997年),1.076 2(2003年)和1.080 1(2006年).结果表明,1987-2006年胶州湾海岸线分形维数先后经历了缓慢增大、减小、再增大的三个变化阶段.胶州湾较大规模的海岸工程是其岸线分形维数减小的主要原因,而较小规模的海岸工程和自然过程则是其分形维数增大的原因.  相似文献
7.
The morphological characteristics of small-scale bedforms were measured by means of an acoustic profiling sonar on the Dafeng tidal flat,Jiangsu,in 2009,and in the Jiulong Estuary,Xiamen,in 2010,respectively.The "multi-threshold value" method was utilized to reveal the morphological undulations along which bedforms were present.Analyses of the datasets obtained show that:(1) sand ripples can have irregular shapes,and(2) changes in bedform morphology are small within a single tidal cycle but may be significant over several tidal cycles.Fractal and variogram analyses of the seabed roughness revealed the existence of a significant relationship between current speed and the fractal dimension of the seabed roughness.As current speed increases,seabed roughness increases with a trend of smaller-scale bottom structures being replaced by larger-scale structures.Furthermore,the surface of the larger-scale bottom structures can either become smooth due to the absence of smaller-scale features or become rougher due to the presence of superimposed smaller-scale structures.  相似文献
8.
将分形理论应用于溢油的气相色谱鉴别,建立了一种新的海洋溢油气相色谱鉴别方法。即首先采用小波分解将气相色谱图曲线分解至不同的尺度,计算各尺度曲线分量的分形维数,基于分形维数参量,采用欧几里得距离判断不同样品气相色谱曲线的近似程度,达到对溢油样品进行鉴别的目的。溢油事故实例数据分析表明,分形维数能较好的反映不同色谱曲线的差异,所建立的方法在筛选溢油样品时,能在一定程度上缩小鉴别范围,可作为溢油鉴别的一种有效辅助方法。  相似文献
9.
The surface roughness characteristics(e.g., height and slope) of sea ice are critical for determining the parameters of an electromagnetic scattering, a surface emission and a surface drag coefficients. It is also important in identifying various ice types, retrieval ice thickness, surface temperature and drag coefficients from remote sensing data. The point clouds(a set of points which are usually defined by X, Y, and Z coordinates that represents the external surface of an object on earth) of land fast ice in five in situ sites in the eastern coast Bohai Sea were measured using a laser scanner-Trimble GX during 2011–2012 winter season. Two hundred and fifty profiles selected from the point clouds of different samples have been used to calculate the height root mean square, height skewness, height kurtosis, slope root mean square, slope skewness and slope kurtosis of them. The root mean square of the height, the root mean square of the slope and the correlation length are about 0.090, 0.075 and 11.74 m, respectively. The heights of 150 profiles in three sites manifest the Gaussian distribution and the slopes of total 250 profiles distributed exponentially. In addition, the fractal dimension and power spectral density profiles were calculated. The results show that the fractal dimension of land fast ice in the Bohai Sea is about 1.132. The power spectral densities of 250 profiles can be expressed through an exponential autocorrelation function.  相似文献
10.
将数字信号分析中常用的傅里叶变换引入地质剖面分析中,从信号分析的角度,把同一地区不同时代剖面线分别看作一维连续的空间域信号,并对其傅里叶变换后频谱进行分析研究,也可以借助自仿射分形模型,依托于功率谱来计算不同时代剖面线的分维值。对不同时代剖面线的频谱分析,可得到相应剖面线所包含的频率信息,并可以实现不同时代地质剖面线的数学表达。对比分析同一地区不同时代剖面的频谱,探究不同时代剖面线频谱特点。本文以南海西沙群岛局部剖面为例,分别对相同地段的海底、上新世、晚中新世、中中新世、早中新世、基底界面及相邻界面间厚度进行了频率域上的对比分析,发现不同时代剖面线在频率域整体趋势上存在一定的相似性,相对低频成分相似性影响贯穿各个时代,相对高频成分不同时代剖面线存在差异。不同时代剖面线的分维值各不相同,总体呈现单增趋势。这些频谱和分维值特点与西沙地区渐趋稳定的构造背景相对应,表明西沙海域地貌将以较为平稳的趋势发育。  相似文献
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