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1.
浙江近海潮汐的特征   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:6  
以浙江近海多年的水文调查和各种相关资料为依据,分析了浙江近海的潮汐特征。由实测数据得到了调和分析的结果,并根据所得的调和常数绘制了M2、S2、K1、O1等各主要分潮的等振幅线和同潮时图;计算了反映潮汐性质的各类参数并绘制了其分布图。通过对这些直观性较强的分布图的分析和比较,可对浙江近海整个区域的潮汐特性有了一个比较全面的认识。  相似文献
2.
Harmonic analysis, the traditional tidal forecasting method, cannot take into account the impact of noncyclical factors, and is also based on the BP neural network tidal prediction model which is easily limited by the amount of data. According to the movement of celestial bodies, and considering the insufficient tidal characteristics of historical data which are impacted by the nonperiodic weather, a tidal prediction method is designed based on support vector machine (SVM) to carry out the simulation experiment by using tidal data from Xiamen Tide Gauge, Luchaogang Tide Gauge and Weifang Tide Gauge individually. And the results show that the model satisfactorily carries out the tide prediction which is influenced by noncyclical factors. At the same time, it also proves that the proposed prediction method, which when compared with harmonic analysis method and the BP neural network method, has faster modeling speed, higher prediction precision and stronger generalization ability.  相似文献
3.
Long-term ferry-ADCP observations of tidal currents in the Marsdiep inlet   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:3  
A unique, five-year long data set of ferry-mounted ADCP measurements in the Marsdiep inlet, the Netherlands, obtained between 1998 and 2003, is presented. A least-squares harmonic analysis was applied to the water transport, (depth-averaged) currents, and water level to study the contribution of the tides. With 144 tidal constituents, maximally 98% of the variance in the water transport and streamwise currents is explained by the tides, whereas for the stream-normal currents this is maximally 50%. The most important constituent is the semi-diurnal M2 constituent, which is modulated by the second-largest S2 constituent (about 27% of M2). Compound and overtides, such as 2MS2, 2MN2, M4, and M6, are important in the inlet. Due to interaction of M2 with its quarter-diurnal overtide M4, the tidal asymmetry in the southern two thirds of the inlet is flood dominant. The amplitudes of all non-astronomic constituents are largest during spring tides, strongly distorting the water level and velocity curves. The M2 water transport is 40° ahead in phase compared to the M2 water level, reflecting the progressive character of the tidal wave in the inlet. The currents are strongly rectilinear and they are sheared vertically and horizontally, with the highest currents at the surface above the deepest part of the inlet. During spring tides, near-surface currents can be as large as 1.8 m s− 1. Due to the relative importance of inertia compared to friction, the M2 currents near the centre (surface) lag maximal 20° (3°) in phase with the currents near the sides (bottom). The tidal-mean currents are directed into the basin in the shallower channel to the south and out of the basin in the deeper channel to the north.  相似文献
4.
烟墩角海域二测站周日水温及潮流变化特征   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
为加深对山东半岛东部养殖区的海流、海温变化特征,及其与该地区生态特征分布之间关系的认识,应用短期资料的潮流准调和分析方法,计算了烟墩角海域两个测站的O1,K1,M2,S2,M4,MS46个主要分潮的北、东分量潮流调和常数,并给出了各测站在各层的潮流椭圆要素。结果表明:该海区水温呈现层化结构,在1天内呈现两个波动,与N-S向潮流变化关系密切。海区除湾内表层外属日潮性质外,潮流属于正规半日潮流性质,半日分潮流的北分量大于东分量,呈现典型往复流特征,最大流流向多为南北向。分析结果也反映出表层、中层的浅水分潮在观测海流中所占的份额高于底层的浅水分潮。  相似文献
5.
辽东湾口东部海域是辽东湾与渤海中部进行物质和能量交换的主要通道之一。本文利用坐底式海床基平台获取的近8个月的水动力连续观测资料,通过谱分析和调和分析方法对该海域的潮汐、潮流特征进行分析,并讨论了余流及底层温度的季节变化规律。研究结果表明:该海域潮汐属于不规则半日潮,平均潮差为0.95 m,最大可能潮差为2.27 m。潮流属于不规则半日潮流,M2分潮流为其优势分潮流。主要分潮流运动形式为往复流,最大流速方向为西南-东北向。余流的季节性特征较为明显:秋季,余流流速在中层达到最大,流向以西南向为主;冬季,余流流速垂向变化较小,并呈西南偏西向流动;春季,流速随深度增加而减小,流向从表层至底层呈现逆时针旋转的特征。受底层潮流、水平温度梯度及海面温度日变化的影响,底层温度表现出短期的高频变化特征:秋季,短期振荡以半日周期信号为主;冬季,全日周期信号较为显著;春季,短期振荡的现象较弱。  相似文献
6.
本文利用2009年6月至11月期间的ADCP海流资料,研究了獐子岛附近一个固定观测点处的时间平均流及潮流特征。结果表明,该海区的平均流大致沿等深线方向,从黄海流向渤海,整个观测期间纬向平均流大于经向平均流,经向1m宽度范围内的纬向净水体输运量为0.67m3/s,而纬向1m宽度内的经向净水体输运量为0.16m3/s;垂向上可以15m和47m为节点分为三层,15m大致为温跃层深度,而47m以下为底摩擦影响显著的范围。夏季的温盐层化结构对于余流的垂直分布存在显著影响。潮流调和分析表明,该海区的潮汐类型为正规半日潮,M2和K1分潮在整个深度范围内的平均振幅分别为27.9cm/s和9.2cm/s,半日潮流由表及底均为旋转流,而全日潮流更趋向于往复流。在垂向上,各个分潮的潮流椭圆均随深度发生小幅度的旋转,半日潮流椭圆随深度逆时针旋转,倾角变化小于30°,全日潮流椭圆随深度顺时针旋转,倾角变化小于40°。潮流在近底层受到底摩擦的影响十分显著,其中全日潮流受到底摩擦的影响较半日潮流大。本次观测是进一步研究北黄海区域潮流、近惯性流动与水体交换输运的直接参考,其结果加深了对该区域流场特性的认识和理解。  相似文献
7.
Insight into the dynamics of the Antarctic Coastal Current (ACoC) is achieved by quantifying the contributions of its driving mechanisms to the seasonal variability of its barotropic and baroclinic components. These mechanisms are sought out in the local wind, the sea-ice concentration, wind curl of the Weddell Gyre (Sverdrup transport) and the thermohaline forcing related to warming/cooling and ice melting and freezing. These driving mechanisms induce most of the seasonal variability of both the barotropic and baroclinic components of the ACoC by deepening the pycnocline towards the coast and sharpening the baroclinic profile following thermal wind balance. The resulting coastal current has mainly a barotropic transport (82%) and a major annual cycle, which explains 37% of this component's variability (tides and other high-frequency events generate 40%). The wind contributes with 58% of the seasonal variability of the barotropic component and 23% of the baroclinic; the sea-ice concentration contributes with 8% and 18%, respectively; Sverdrup transport with 4% and 30% and the thermohaline forcing with 30% and 29%. The results of this study are obtained with analysis of fifteen CTD sections (potential density and geostrophic velocities) of RV-Polarstern obtained between 1992 and 2005, as well as composite, spectral and harmonic analyses of 9 years of time series from moored instruments (current speed and temperature), wind speed, atmospheric pressure and sea-ice concentration of satellite imagery.  相似文献
8.
根据渤海10个站和大连、烟台共12个站同步一年的潮汐资料,采用调和分析和响应分析方法,分离出逐时的增减水.计算表明,对大多数海港,依据两种方法得到的增减水量值是一致的,对于非线性效应明显的港口,两者的结果相差较大.同时,还分析了渤海几次较强增减水过程的变化规律.  相似文献
9.
采用短期资料的潮流准调和分析方法,对水深为4.4~17.0 m的流沙湾4个测站2个周日潮流观测获得的表、中、底层的潮流资料进行了分析,分别计算了4个测站O1、K1、M2、S2、M4、MS4共6个主要分潮的潮流调和常数,并给出了各观测站位在各层的潮流椭圆要素.计算结果表明:流沙湾主要为日潮流海区,其中湾外为规则日潮流,湾内为不规则日潮流;湾外主要分潮流的北分量一般大于东分量,而湾内主要分潮流的北分量一般小于东分量.观测期间余流的流向主要呈西北向,最大余流流速出现在湾内地形突然收窄处,且在湾内中层余流流速要大于表、底层余流流速.整个海区潮流的可能最大流速表层在57~107 cm/s之间,中层在53~106 cm/s之间,底层在34~98 cm/s之间.流沙湾湾外潮流主要为顺时针的旋转流运动,湾内为带有旋转流的往复流运动.  相似文献
10.
分析了用经验模态分解(EMD)方法处理非平稳信号的基本原理,完成了对实测海流资料的分离,分720h、25h、15h三种情况对EMD方法用于潮余流分离的有效性进行了验证。验证结果表明:EMD方法是一种有效的潮余流分离方法,尤其对于15h以内短期测流资料的潮余流分离具有明显的优势。  相似文献
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