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1.
Numerical Analysis of Hydrodynamic Pressure Induced by Fluid-Solid Impact   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
—As a further development of the authors'work(Huang and Qian,1993),in this paper a newnumerical method based on the time domain boundary element technique is proposed for solving fluid-sol-id coupling problems,in which a rigid body impacts normally on the calm surface of a half-space fluid.Afundamental solution to the half-space potential flow problem is first derived with the method of images.Then,an equivalent boundary integral equation in the Laplace transform domain is established by meansof Green's second identity.Through the inverse Laplace transform and discretization in both time andboundary of the fluid region,the numerical calculation for the problem under consideration has been car-ried out.Several examples demonstrate that the present method is more efficient than existing ones,fromwhich it is also seen that the shape of the impacting body has a considerable effect on the total impactforce.  相似文献
2.
极浅水域圆柱形结构的地震动水压力   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
论述了极浅水域中圆柱菜构筑物的地震动水压力,当外部水溶或内部储液深度与结构半径之比小于某一数值时,其地震动水压力可近似地用于限长直墙的地震动水压力公式表示。通常情况下水深若小于结构高度的一半时,地震动水压力中的弹性动水压力影响可忽略。建议使用的地震动水压力简化公式,可为极浅水域中圆柱形结构抗震设计提供参考。  相似文献
3.
Y.K. Chung  H.H. Chun   《Ocean Engineering》2008,35(7):646-652
We seek the solution of the planing of a flat plate at high Froude numbers by a perturbation procedure. The angle of attack of the plate is assumed to vary with the speed of the plate in the present study. A harmonic function K is introduced for the solution of the first-order disturbance potential which becomes the Green function in the limiting case when the Froude number tends to infinity. We get the solution of the first-order potential from Green's theorem applied to K and the first-order potential. Then we obtain the asymptotic solutions of the angle of attack α, lift L and drag D as follows:
where α1. Here W, LW, and U are the weight of the plate per unit width, wetted length, and speed of the plate, respectively.  相似文献
4.
This paper presents a procedure to calculate the design pressure distributions on the hull of a wave energy converter (WEC). Design pressures are the maximum pressure values that the device is expected to experience during its operational life time. The procedure is applied to the prototype under development by Martifer Energy (FLOW—Future Life in Ocean Waves).A boundary integral method is used to solve the hydrodynamic problem. The hydrodynamic pressures are combined with the hydrostatic ones and the internal pressures of the large ballast tanks. The first step consists of validating the numerical results of motions by comparison with measured experimental data obtained with a scaled model of the WEC. The numerical model is tuned by adjusting the damping of the device rotational motions and the equivalent damping and stiffness of the power take-off system. The pressure distributions are calculated for all irregular sea states representative of the Portuguese Pilot Zone where the prototype will be installed and a long term distribution method is used to calculate the expected maximum pressures on the hull corresponding to the 100-year return period.  相似文献
5.
Y.K. Chung  H.H. Chun   《Ocean Engineering》2007,34(11-12):1552-1560
A flat plate is planing at a very high speed U in which the angle of attack varies with speed.A harmonic function K is introduced. The harmonic function is the Green function only in the limiting case when Froude number goes to infinity. The Green's theorem together with K yields the solution of the first order potential. Then we obtain the angle of attack as
where LW,B,W are the wetted length, breadth and weight of the plate. The hydrodynamic pressure is zero at the leading edge and increases toward the trailing edge where the pressure is infinitely large due to a logarithmic singularity. The lift L is a monotone function of Froude number and approaches W as Froude number goes to infinity whereas the drag D decreases paradoxically to zero in the limiting case.  相似文献
6.
Waterfront retaining walls supporting dry backfill are subjected to hydrostatic pressure on upstream face and earth pressure on the downstream face. Under seismic conditions, if such a wall retains a submerged backfill, additional hydrodynamic pressures are generated. This paper pertains to a study in which the effect of earthquakes along with the hydrodynamic pressure including inertial forces on such a retaining wall is observed. The hydrodynamic pressure is calculated using Westergaard's approach, while the earth pressure is calculated using Mononobe-Okabe's pseudo-static analysis. It is observed that when the horizontal seismic acceleration coefficient is increased from 0 to 0.2, there is a 57% decrease in the factor of safety of the retaining wall in sliding mode. For investigating the effect of different parameters, a parametric study is also done. It is observed that if φ is increased from 30° to 35°, there is an increase in the factor of safety in the sliding mode by 20.4%. Similar observations were made for other parameters as well. Comparison of results obtained from the present approach with [Ebeling, R.M., Morrison Jr, E.E., 1992. The seismic design of waterfront retaining structures. US Army Technical Report ITL-92-11. Washington DC] reveal that the factor of safety for static condition (kh=0), calculated by both the approaches, is 1.60 while for an earthquake with kh=0.2, they differ by 22.5% due to the consideration of wall inertia in the present study.  相似文献
7.
通过数值模拟和物理模型实验,对距壁面一定高度的圆柱绕流水动力特性进行了研究。数值模拟采用有限体积法对标准k-ε模式方程进行离散,采用SIMPLE算法进行求解,模拟绕流流场。在物理模型实验中,将PVC圆管制作的实验模型安放在水槽内,在圆管的跨中沿表面周向均匀布置水下压力传感器,用于测量绕流圆柱体表面动水压力分布。通过改变Re数和间隙比来分析它们对近壁圆柱绕流水动力特性的影响。基于数值流动显示技术,给出了近壁绕流流场的尾流流态分析。通过数值结果与实验结果的对比,对近壁绕流圆柱体的升力系数及其表面动水压力分布进行了研究,对比结果显示了较好的一致性。  相似文献
8.
The fluid-structure interaction under seismic excitation is very complicated, and thus the damage identification of the bridge in deep water is the key technique to ensure the safe service. Based on nonlinear Morison equation considering the added mass effect and the fluid-structure interaction effect, the effect of hydrodynamic pressure on the structure is analyzed. A series of underwater shaking table tests are conducted in the air and in water. The dynamic characteristics affected by hydrodynamic pressure are discussed and the distribution of hydrodynamic pressure is also analyzed. In addition, the damage of structure is distinguished through the natural frequency and the difference of modal curvature, and is then compared with the test results. The numerical simulation and test of this study indicate that the effect of hydrodynamic pressure on the structure should not be neglected. It is also found that the presence of the damage, the location of the damage and the degree of the severity can be judged through the variation of structure frequency and the difference of modal curvature.  相似文献
9.
Quadrant front face pile supported breakwater is a combination of semicircular and closely spaced pile breakwaters which couples the advantages of these two types. This type of structure consists of two parts. The bottom portion consists of closely spaced piles and the top portion consists of a quadrant solid front face on the seaside. The leeward side of the top portion with a vertical face would facilitate the berthing of vessels. An experimental investigation on this breakwater model in a wave flume is carried out for three water depths. For each water depth, three different spacings between the piles were adopted for the investigation. The dynamic pressures exerted along the quadrant front face due to regular waves were measured. The variation of dimensionless pressures with respect to scattering parameter for different gap ratio (spacing between the piles/diameter of pile) and for relative pile depth (water depth/pile height) are presented and discussed. In addition, the dimensionless total forces exerted on the breakwater model as well as its reflection characteristics as a function of scattering parameter are reported.  相似文献
10.
The objective of this paper is to present the effect of sediment characteristics on the dynamic response of sea walls and breakwaters during earthquakes. A finite-difference method is used to calculate the earthquake-induced hydrodynamic pressures of seawater and the pore water in seabed sediment. The water-filled soil mixture is used to model sediment and back-fill soil. The dynamic response of a rigid coastal structure induced by constant ground acceleration is studied, using variable sediment depths and porosity. The dynamic characteristics of the water–embankment–sediment system are investigated, applying four earthquake-records as exciting forces. The result of a quay-walled caisson demonstrates the significance of the seismic-induced dynamic force and the seismic effects should be considered for the design of coastal structures in seismic zone. The damaged wharves of Taichung Port during Chi-Chi earthquake, 21 September 1999 is also reported in the paper.  相似文献
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