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1.
为了探讨麻痹性贝毒(PSP)对肝脏和肾脏损伤的机制, 采用膝沟藻毒素GTX-1, 4 对小鼠进行急性暴露, 剂量为1μg/kg, 时间分别为60、90、120min。结果发现, 与对照组相比, 肝脏染毒组中的还原型谷胱甘肽(GSH)含量没有显著变化; 在肾脏中, 60 min 时染毒组GSH 含量没有明显变化, 90、120 min时GSH 含量降低 ; 两器官中抗氧化酶(GSH-Px、SOD)活性与对照组相比均无显著变化(P>0.05)。从而推断, GSH 参与了PSP 对肾脏损害的毒性过程; 肾中GSH 含量有可能作为PSP 早期检测的敏感指标。  相似文献
2.
过去的40年, 氧化应激在多种疾病的发生及恶化进程中的重要作用受到广泛关注。机体受到有害刺激后产生的氧化应激与动脉粥样硬化、肝炎、肺炎、阿尔兹海默病、白内障等多种疾病的发生有关, 减轻氧化应激来防治以上疾病成为一种新思路。藻蓝蛋白作为从藻类中提取的天然产物, 常被用作保健品及食品添加物, 研究发现藻蓝蛋白可通过消除自由基、减轻氧化应激防治多种疾病。本文将藻蓝蛋白对氧化应激相关疾病的治疗或预防作用进行了综述, 对其应用前景进行展望, 为该活性蛋白的应用提供参考。  相似文献
3.
To understand the adaptation of euphausiid (krill) species to oxygen minimum zones (OMZs), respiratory response and stress experiments combining hypoxia‐reoxygenation exposure with warming were conducted. Experimental krill species were obtained from the Antarctic (South Georgia area), the Humboldt Current System (HCS, Chilean coast) and the Northern California Current System (NCCS, Oregon). Euphausia mucronata from the HCS showed oxyconforming pO2‐dependent respiration below 80% air saturation (18 kPa). Normoxic subsurface oxygenation in winter posed a ‘high oxygen stress’ for this species. The NCCS krill, Euphausia pacifica, and the Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, maintained respiration rates constant down to low critical pO2 values of 6 kPa (30% air saturation) and 11 kPa (55% air saturation), respectively. Antarctic krill had low antioxidant enzyme activities, but high concentrations of the molecular antioxidant glutathione (GSH) and was not lethally affected by 6 h exposure to moderate hypoxia. The temperate krill species (E. pacifica) had higher superoxide dismutase (SOD) values in winter than in summer, which relates to a higher winter metabolic rate. In all species, antioxidant enzyme activities remained constant during hypoxic exposure at the typical temperature for their habitat. Warming by 7 °C above habitat temperature in summer increased SOD activities and GSH levels in E. mucronata (HCS), but no oxidative damage occurred. In winter, when the NCCS is well mixed and the OMZ is deeper, +4 °C of warming combined with hypoxia represents a lethal condition for E. pacifica. In summer, when the OMZ expands upwards (100 m subsurface), antioxidant defences counteracted hypoxia and reoxygenation effects in E. pacifica, but only at mildly elevated temperature (+2 °C). In this season, experimental warming by +4 °C reduced antioxidant activities and the combination of warming with hypoxia again caused mortality of exposed specimens. We conclude that a climate change scenario combining warming and hypoxia represents a serious threat to E. pacifica and, as a consequence, NCCS food webs.  相似文献
4.
本文探究环境低氧对军曹鱼(Rachycentron canadum)氧化应激和能量利用指标的影响,为军曹鱼的健康养殖提供参考依据。通过设置低氧胁迫–恢复实验,将军曹鱼幼鱼(平均体质量(220.67±20.73)g)在低氧((2.64±0.25)mg/L)胁迫3 h及复氧((6.34±0.15)mg/L)8 h、24 h和48 h后,测定其肝脏和肌肉组织的氧化应激与能量利用指标。结果显示,低氧胁迫后,肝脏中丙二醛(Malondialdehyde,MDA)、过氧化氢酶(Catalase,CAT)和谷胱甘肽还原酶(Glutathione Reductase,GR)活力均显著低于对照组(p<0.05),乳酸脱氢酶(Lactate Dehydrogenase,LDH)活性显著高于对照组(p <0.05);肌肉中MDA和脂质过氧化物(Lipid Peroxidase,LPO)活性均显著低于对照组(p<0.05),超氧化物歧化酶(Superoxide Dismutase,SOD)和LDH活性均显著高于对照组(p<0.05);肌糖原和肝糖原含量极显著低于对照组(p<0.01)。复氧过程中,肝脏和肌肉中MDA、LPO、SOD、CAT、谷胱甘肽过氧化物酶(Glutathione Peroxidase,GPx)和GR含量均出现不同程度的升高;肝糖原在复氧24 h后显著高于对照组(p<0.05),复氧48 h后显著低于对照组(p<0.05);肌糖原在复氧8 h、24 h和48 h后均显著低于对照组(p<0.05)。研究表明,低氧胁迫能够对军曹鱼幼鱼机体造成一定的氧化损伤,肝脏和肌肉组织的酶活力和能量供应发生变化;低氧胁迫后的再复氧环境,对机体造成更为强烈的氧化损伤,可通过自身生理调节逐渐恢复到正常水平。  相似文献
5.
海洋球石藻Emiliania huxleyi及其特异性裂解病毒E. huxleyi virus (EhVs)在调节海洋碳、硫循环及全球气候变化中起着重要作用,也是开展真核生物病毒-宿主相互作用研究的良好模型系统之一。为了探究病毒感染条件下E. huxleyi基因表达水平的变化,以海洋球石藻E. huxley-BOF 92及其专一性裂解病毒EhV-99B1为研究对象,利用Illumina HiSeq 2000高通量测序技术,分别对E. huxleyi病毒感染组(Exp)和非感染对照组(Con)6 h和45 h的藻细胞样品进行转录组测序分析。共得到32 909条平均长度为1 153 bp的基因。病毒感染6 h和45 h分别得到2 617和5 229个差异表达基因,其中共差异表达基因465个。随机选取10条差异表达基因,采用qRT-PCR进行实验验证,结果证实转录组分析可靠。GO功能注释和KEGG通路富集,发现大量基因与氧化应激反应、脂类代谢、碳水化合物代谢及信号转导等代谢过程相关,其中变化最显著的是谷胱甘肽代谢途径。从病毒感染球石藻转录组中筛选出部分与氧化应激反应相关的基因,其中9个基因显著上调,11个基因显著下调,表明宿主能够通过体内的氧化应激反应响应病毒胁迫。  相似文献
6.
海水中的高溶解氧浓度、低温和UV辐射导致了氧胁迫是北极海洋细菌面临的主要胁迫因素之一。本文对北极细菌Pseudoalteromonas sp.A2对H2O2导致的氧胁迫的应答特征进行了转录组测序和基因差异表达的比较分析,以期发现与氧胁迫相关的关键功能基因。研究表明,与对照组相比,1 mmol/L的H2O2可导致菌株A2转录组的很大变化,包括109个基因的显著上调与174个基因的显著下调。COG分析表明,在功能已知的基因中,与转录后修饰、蛋白质转换和分子伴侣相关的基因大部分显著上调,而与氨基酸运输和代谢等相关基因则大部分显著下调。值得指出的是,有18个与鞭毛相关的基因和4个与热激蛋白相关的基因显著上调;同时,有9个与细胞色素和细胞色素氧化酶相关的基因和5个与TonB依赖受体相关的基因显著下调。在GO分析表明具有抗氧化活性的18个基因中,只有1个基因的表达显著上调,而有2个显著下调。简言之,RNA-Seq表明,除了传统的抗氧化基因和应激蛋白外,鞭毛相关基因和功能未知基因在菌株Pseudoalteromonas sp.A2的氧胁迫适应性中起着重要作用。该转录组分析和氧胁迫相关基因的发现有助于了解北极细菌的氧胁迫适应机制。  相似文献
7.
为探讨海水酸化和磺胺甲恶唑环境残留对珊瑚礁区生物的影响,本文以南海珊瑚礁区关键礁栖生物大马蹄螺(Trochus niloticus) 为研究对象,探究了两种环境胁迫因素对大马蹄螺的氧化胁迫作用。分别采用两个 pH 水平 (pH 8.1、 pH 7.6) 和三个磺胺甲恶唑浓度水平 (0 ng/L、100 ng/L 和 1 000 ng/L) 单独和复合暴露 28 天,测定其对大马蹄螺鳃组织的超氧化物歧化酶 (SOD)、过氧化氢酶 (CAT) 和谷胱甘肽巯基转移酶 (GST) 活性以及谷胱甘肽 (GSH) 含量和脂质过氧化水平 (LPO) 的影响。结果发现:海水酸化和磺胺甲恶唑单独暴露能够导致大马蹄螺鳃组织出现不同程度的氧化应激现象,表现为抗氧化酶 (CAT、SOD 和 GST) 活性和谷胱甘肽含量的升高。在复合暴露条件下,大马蹄螺鳃组织的抗氧化酶(CAT、SOD 和 GST) 活性和谷胱甘肽含量均受到不同程度的抑制,同时伴随着脂质过氧化水平的显著升高。这表明短期海水酸化和磺胺甲恶唑复合暴露可导致大马蹄螺鳃组织出现氧化损伤现象,进而可能对个体存活和种群繁衍造成负面影响。  相似文献
8.
Boleophthalmus pectinirostris is an amphibious economic fish and wildly distributed in the southeast coast of China. In this study, Aroclor 1254 was intraperitoneally injected into B. pectinirostris with 1, 2 and 4 μg/(g·d) for 28 d to assay the reproductive organ weight, the sperm quality (sperm concentration and motility), and the testicular mitochondrial testicular mitochondria oxidative stress. The results show that the sperm number and motility in seminal vesicles, the absolute weight of testes and seminal vesicles of B. pectinirostris treated with 2 and 4 μg/(g·d) Aroclor 1254 decreased significantly as compared to the controls (p <0.05), while those treated with 1 μg/(g·d) Aroclor 1254 had no significant effects on these indictors. For the relative weight of reproductive organs, significant reduction (p <0.05) was only observed in the seminal vesicles of B. pectinirostris treated with 4 μg/(g·d). SOD activities and GSH levels in all the Aroclor 1254 treatments were significantly lower than those of the controls (p <0.05). The activities of CAT, GPx, GR and the levels of Vit C also decreased significantly in comparison with the controls (p <0.05) at the higher dose of 2 and 4 μg/(g·d) Aroclor 1254 treatments. In addition, both H2O2 level and MDA content in testicular mitochondria of B. pectinirostris had a close correlation with Aroclor 1254 dosage, and were significantly higher than the controls (p <0.05). Those indicate that Aroclor 1254 can induce the oxidative stress of testicular mitochondria, and impair the reproductive function of male B. pectinirostris.  相似文献
9.
The physiological responses of the coral Pocillopora capitata to environmental conditions common in winter and summer were studied in 2007 during February–March (winter) and June–July (summer) at La Boquita reef (Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico). Shallow and deep sampling stations were established at different distances from a small jetty built next to the Juluapan Lagoon. We analyzed superoxide radicals () and lipid peroxidants (TBARS); the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), and glutathione‐S‐transferase (GST); chlorophyll a (Chl a), zooxanthellae density (ZD); and mycosporine‐like amino acids (MAAs). Our results showed that the , TBARS, CAT, GST, MAAs, and Chl a, levels were significantly higher in summer (P < 0.05); no seasonal difference was found for GPx, GR or ZD. We found significant differences (P < 0.05) in winter only for Chl a and ZD at shallow sites and, in contrast, for at deeper sites. The results of this study indicate that increasing temperature and radiation associated with seasonal changes (from winter to summer), the efficiency of the enzymes GST, CR and GPX, and the production of MAAs together form a powerful mechanism for P. capitata to offset the detrimental effects of environmental change.  相似文献
10.
大弹涂鱼(Boleophthalmus pectinirostris)是盛产于我国东南沿海滩涂的两栖经济鱼类。分别用1,2,4 μg/g的Aroclor 1254对生殖期雄性大弹涂鱼腹腔注射28 d后,检测大弹涂鱼精巢与储精囊的绝对与相对重量,并检测其精巢线粒体氧化水平、抗氧化酶活性与非酶类抗氧化剂含量。结果显示,1 μg/g Aroclor1254剂量组中大弹涂鱼精巢、储精囊绝对重量与对照组均无显著差异(p=0.90),而较高剂量组(2,4 μg/g Aroclor1  相似文献
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