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海冰动力学的混合拉格朗日-欧拉数值方法   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
综合考虑欧拉坐标下有限差分法(FDM)在海冰动力学计算中的效率,以及拉格朗日坐标下光滑质点流体动力学方法(SPH)对海冰流变行为的精确模拟,本文发展了一种海冰动力学的混合拉格朗日-欧拉(HLE)数值方法.该方法首先在拉格朗日坐标下将海冰离散为若干个具有厚度、密集度的海冰质点,并由这些海冰质点通过Gauss函数对欧拉网格上的海冰参量进行积分插值;然后,在欧拉坐标下对海冰动量方程进行差分计算以确定各网格节点的海冰速度,并由此采用Gauss函数积分插值出拉格朗日坐标下各海冰质点的速度分布;最后,通过对海冰质点运动和分布的计算,确定出各海冰质点的位置、厚度和密集度等参量.采用该HLE方法对规则区域内的海冰堆积过程和涡动风场作用下的海冰动力演化趋势进行了数值试验;最后,采用该HLE方法对渤海海冰的动力过程进行了72 h数值模拟,其计算结果与卫星遥感图像和现场观测资料吻合较好.以上计算结果均表明该HLE方法在海冰动力学数值模拟中具有较高的计算效率和模拟精度,可用于海冰动力过程的数值模拟.  相似文献
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用塑料薄膜袋进行一级藻种培养的研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
本文主要介绍用塑料薄膜袋代替1—2×1O~4mL细口瓶来进行饵料一级藻种培养,此法保证了扇贝育苗所需大量饵料的优质藻种,简单易行。 Ⅰ.材料与方法 Ⅰ.1.制袋的材料和方法 采用直径30cm,长度120cm的聚乙烯透明  相似文献
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近海固定平台碰撞的准静态分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:4  
本文采用增量有限元方法结合极限分析的概念,研究近海固定平台碰撞的静力强度。文中综合考虑了平台结构在碰撞加载过程中的大变形和塑性变形特性,建立了以广义应力表达的圆管截面的屈服条件,采用塑性节点法(PNM)推导得到了单元的弹塑性矩阵。文中也考虑了梁柱单元的屈曲情况。本文所采用的载荷增量法结合牛顿—拉夫逊迭代,可跟踪加载过程中平台结构上塑性铰的出现,并最终获得平台结构的极限承载能力。  相似文献
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Geo-hazard assessment of the potential damage to a pipeline caused by a submarine landslide requires a quantitative model to evaluate the impact forces on the pipeline. In contrast with typical geotechnical problems, the strain rate within the fast moving, flow-like submarine landslide is typically far higher, which will lead to enhancement of the soil strength and therefore result in larger impact forces. Generally, there are two possible predictive frameworks for strain-rate dependence: a fluid dynamics framework and a geotechnical framework. By comparison of common rheological models adopted in these two different approaches, a unified additive power-law model, a normalised form of the Herschel-Bulkley model from fluid mechanics, is explored in this paper. This model has been used in conjunction with a large deformation finite element approach to investigate the undrained limiting loads on a cylinder moving steadily through inertia-less soft rate-dependent material, in order to quantify the strain-rate effects.The flow mechanism and the effects of the shear-thinning index and Oldroyd number on the shear zones are explored. The calculated resistance factors are compared with the drag coefficients obtained from computational fluid dynamics analysis. The average rate of strain experienced by the soil flowing past the cylinder is estimated for a given flow velocity and an expression in the form of a conventional bearing capacity equation, but with shear strength linked directly to the normalised flow velocity, is proposed to predict the magnitude of the viscous force exerted by the debris flow.  相似文献
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M.J. Fadaee  H. Saffari  R. Tabatabaei   《Ocean Engineering》2008,35(17-18):1854-1861
This paper uses theorem of shakedown to assess the shakedown limit of elastic–plastic offshore structures. For this aim, an envelope of elastic response of the structure to cyclic loading cases is required. The shakedown limit is basically a valid collapse mechanism and can be quantified using yield line analysis. In this work, Melan theorem of shakedown (lower bound) is employed. Requiring simple elastic envelope and the domain defining yield lines only are the advantages of the Melan theorem. The shakedown analysis can be conducted by the finite element method (FEM), which is the main body of this paper. In order to evaluate the method of this paper, which is in fact combining the Melan theorem and the FEM, two steel offshore frames are analyzed using the proposed method and the results obtained are compared with the results of classical non-linear analysis method.  相似文献
8.
The elastic–viscous–plastic (EVP) sea ice rheology has been introduced in the large-scale Louvain-la-Neuve sea-Ice Model, version 2 (LIM2), and its performance has been evaluated. Centred difference versions of the rheology have been implemented on both an Arakawa B grid and a C grid, and their performance have been intercompared in coupled simulations with the Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean (NEMO) model. Integrations with both implementations lead to fairly similar results which compare well with observations and with previous LIM simulations. The C grid version, however, offers a number of advantages: (a) easier ice coupling with NEMO, which is itself defined on a C grid; (b) possibility of representing ice transport across one-cell-wide straits and passages; (c) better representation of inertial-plastic compressive waves. For these reasons, we recommend the use of the C grid EVP formulation of the ice dynamics in future LIM applications.  相似文献
9.
沿海软土地基围涂工程中悬挂式爆破挤淤基础处理断面结构设计中遇到的最大难题是对腰宽的处理,腰宽太窄则工后沉降大,反之,则断面石方量增大,投资增加,因此,试图通过工程实例说明悬挂式爆破挤淤基础处理断面设计及工程实施过程中遇到的问题及对策措施。  相似文献
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通过综合分析工程建设区域的自然条件和地质条件,对比选取塑料排水板排水固结法加固护岸工程的水下软土地基。系统介绍了塑料排水板的加固机理、排水板的选型、施工工艺、质量控制要点。经过对处理后地基的沉降、位移的长期跟踪观测,结果表明:采用排水板排水加固水下软土地基,取得了理想效果,具有一定的工程指导意义。  相似文献
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