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1.
Based on the sequence data of the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) 1, 5.8 S, and ITS 2, the molecular phylogeny was analyzed on Ulvaceae species collected from Qingdao coasts in summer of 2007, including 15 attached Ulva and Enteromorpha samples from 10 locations and 10 free-floating Enteromorpha samples from seven locations. The result supported the monophyly of all free-floating Enteromorpha samples, implying the unialgal composition of the free-floating Enteromorpha, and the attached Ulvaceae species from Qingdao coasts were grouped into other five clades, suggesting that they were not the biogeographic origin of the free-floating Enteromorpha in that season. Supported by NSFC (40506030); the Innovative Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZCX2-YW-209); Science & Technology Project of Qingdao City (06-2-2-12-JCH)  相似文献   
2.
Sequence variation of the first internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA ( ITS - 1 ) was examined and its application to the study of genetic variation was explored in four populations of farter' s scallop Chlamys farreri. ITS - 1 fragments, with a length of about 300 bp,of 78 individuals collected from Dalian, Qingdao, Yantai in China and Korea respectively were amplified via PCR, cloned and sequenced. Intra-genomic variation was examined by sequencing several clones of single individuals. Alignment and polymorphism analysis detected 44 haplotypes and 50 polymorphic sites which consist of 30 substitutions and 20 indels, indicating a high level of polymorphisms. Sequence analysis also showed a very low level of intra-individual variation. All these features validated the feasibility of application of ITS - 1 fragment to population analysis. Polymorphism analysis showed that the Korea sample has the richest genetic variation, followed by Yantai and Qingdao samples. AMOVA (analysis of molecular variance) showed that the majority (96.26%) of genetic variation was distributed within populations and 3.74% resulted from among populations, but with P 〈 0.05 ( = 0.042), indicating that the populations in this study have significant divergence. This output was basically concordant with the result arising from RAPD data and different from that from mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequence data. Discussion on this inconsistency was made accordingly.  相似文献   
3.
分析了几株自南海及东海分离的亚历山大藻的rDNA部分序列信息,其中包括核糖体大亚基(LSU)rDNA的5′端D1-D2区序列,以及5.8SrDNA和ITS区序列;同时也对实验室保种的部分来自其它国家和地区的亚历山大藻相关序列进行了测序和分析,并以此作为序列分析中的参考。采用ClustalX及MEGA2软件对所得到的序列信息进行了综合分析与对比。结果表明,分离自南海的塔玛亚历山大藻(Alexandriumtamarense)和分离自东海的链状亚历山大藻(A.catenella),即便是在ITS区和LSUrDNA等高变区,其序列信息也完全一致。与基因库中搜索到的其它亚历山大藻rDNA序列信息相比较,中国沿海的塔玛/链状亚历山大藻序列更接近于塔玛复合种的“亚洲温带”基因型。对于分离自南海的另外两株未定种的亚历山大藻,通过对比序列信息,发现它们与相关亚历山大藻(A.affine)非常接近。分离于我国台湾地区的微小亚历山大藻(A.minutum)在序列上与分离自新西兰的藻株相似,而与分离自欧洲的微小亚历山大藻藻株相差较大。中国沿海亚历山大藻rDNA序列信息的获得为针对有毒藻种设计特异性核酸探针,发展灵敏快速的生物检测技术奠定了基础。  相似文献   
4.
Based on the sequence data of the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer(ITS) 1,5.8 S,and ITS 2,the molecular phylogeny was analyzed on Ulvaceae species collected from Qingdao coasts in summer of 2007,including 15 attached Ulva and Enteromorpha samples from 10 locations and 10 free-floating Enteromorpha samples from seven locations.The result supported the monophyly of all free-floating Enteromorpha samples,implying the unialgal composition of the free-floating Enteromorpha,and the attached Ulvaceae species from Qingdao coasts were grouped into other five clades,suggesting that they were not the biogeographic origin of the free-floating Enteromorpha in that season.  相似文献   
5.
根据酵母整合质粒的设计要求,PCR扩增2.2 kb rDNA片段,导入酿酒酵母(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)整合载体pYD1中,设计并合成适合在酵母中表达的鲑鱼降钙素(Salmon Calcitonin),以此为目标基因,构建适合酿酒酵母多拷贝整合的表达载体p-r-sCT.通过载体p-r-sCT引入到酿酒酵母菌株EBY100中,得到酵母重组菌株yAGA2-r-sCT.流式细胞检测结果表明,目标基因鲑鱼降钙素在重组菌株的yAGA2-r-sCT中得到了表达,实现了外源基因在酿酒酵母菌株中的稳定表达.  相似文献   
6.
Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rDNA of 8 strains of cultivable bacteria isolated from Arctic sea-ice was studied.The results showed that strain BJ1 belonged to genus Planococcus,which was a genus of low mole percent G C gram-positive bacteria;strain BJ6 belonged to genus Burkholderia of β-proteobacteria and the rest 6 strain all belonged to γ-proteobacteria,of which strain BJ8 was a species of Pseudoalteromonas,strain BJ2-BJ5 and BJ7 were members of genus Psychrobacter.Phylogenetic analysis also indicated that bacteria of genus Psychrobacter of the isolates formed a relatively independent phylogenetic cluster in comparison with other bacteria belonged to genus Psychrobacter.  相似文献   
7.
我们通过荧光染色、自身基因组原位杂交(Self-GISH)和多色荧光原位杂交(FISH),首次研究了棘头梅童鱼(Richardson,1844)的核型特征。雌性核型有24对端部着丝粒染色体(2n=48a,NF=48),而雄性核型包含22对端部着丝粒染色体,2条端部着丝粒染色体单体和1条中间着丝粒染色体(2n=1m+46a,NF=48)。雌性和雄性核型之间的差异表明,棘头梅童鱼的性染色体系统为X1X1X2X2/X1X2Y型,其中Y为雄性中特有的中间着丝粒染色体。三色FISH结果显示,5S rDNA和18S rDNA位点定位在最大的端着丝粒染色体(X1)以及Y染色体的短臂;X1染色体上有一个特异的臂间端粒信号(ITS),与5S rDNA位点部分重叠。Self-GISH结果显示,在推定的性染色体DNA重复序列聚集。根据实验结果我们提出关于棘头梅童鱼Y染色体起源的假说:Y染色体起源于祖先核型(2n=48a)中的两条端部着丝染色体融合,并且在此过程中伴随着片段缺失。本研究首次在石首鱼科中描述了异形的性染色体,将为其他石首鱼的性染色体研究提供线索。  相似文献   
8.
1IntroductionThe class bivalvia includes many well-knownmarine invertebrate species because they play impor-tant roles in aquaculture.Most cytogenetic studies ofbivalvia have focused primarily on chromosome num-ber and gross morphology(Insua et al.,1998).…  相似文献   
9.
利用rDNA和ITS序列对1株裸甲藻的初步鉴定   总被引:6,自引:1,他引:5  
测定了 1株分离自青岛胶州湾海水样品、从形态上初步确定为裸甲藻属 (Gymnodiniumsp,编号为 GYN- 1 5)的核糖体基因 (r DNA)和转录单元内间隔区 (Internal Transcribed Spacer,ITS)序列 ,并利用该序列对该藻进行了初步鉴定。测定的序列长 2 658bp,涵盖了小亚基 (smallsubunit,SSU) r DNA基因 3'端 1 747bp,ITS1 - 5.8S r DNA- ITS2全长和大亚基 (large subunit,LSU) r DNA基因 5'端 337bp。同源性分析该序列发现 GYN- 1 5与共生甲藻属 (Symbiodinium)中的 2个种 (Symbiodinium californium和 Gymnodinium varians)的对应序列具有很高的相似性 ;3株藻的各段 r DNA和 ITS序列的相似性均为 99%以上 ;以 SSU r DNA序列中的 3个可变区 (V1 V2 V3)和邻接法构建的系统树表明 ,GYN- 1 5与 S.californium和 G.varians构成 1个独立的新的子类群 ,该子类群属于共生甲藻属 ,而与各种裸甲藻的亲缘关系较远。根据这些结果可将GYN- 1 5初步鉴定为属于共生甲藻属。鉴于 GYN- 1 5和其它 2个种所构成的分支明显与 5个已知的子类群 (A,B,C,D,E)不同 ,因此将该分支命名为子类群 F。  相似文献   
10.
The 18S ribosomal DNA gene (18S rDNA) sequences (approxtmately 1300 bp in length) were amplified from the DNA extracted from the free-living marine nematodes collected from the inter-tidal sediment of Qingdao coast in bulk with nematode specific primers. The PCR products were cloned, re-amplified, digested with Rsa I and Hin61 restriction endonucleases and separated in agarose gel. Among 17 restriction fragment length types, types 1, 2 and 6 covered 61.2%, 14.4% and 9.3% of the clones analyzed, respectively, while the remaining 14 only covered 21 clones, which accounted for 15.1% of the total. Twenty-four representative clones were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed by referring to those currently available in RDP and GenBank databases. Although it was hard to assign these sequences to known species or genera due to the lack of the 18S rDNA sequence data of known marine free-living nematodes, the obtained sequences were assigned to the nematodes of Adenophorea. Among them, twelve sequences were close to Pontonema vulgate and Adoncholaimus sp., four to Daptonema procerus and two (identical) to Enoplus brews. Our results showed that free-living marine nematode diversities could be determined by PCR retrieving and analysis of the 18S rDNA sequences and an 18S rDNA sequence could be assigned to a species or a genus only if the 18S rDNA sequences of the free-living marine nematodes were accumulated to some extent.  相似文献   
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