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安达曼海内孤立波非常活跃且错综复杂,传播速度是内孤立波的重要特征参量,本文采用光学遥感手段建立了内孤立波传播速度的计算方法。收集并处理大量Terra/Aqua-MODIS遥感图像,利用两景图像追踪同一内孤立波与同一激发源产生的内孤立波波群两种方法定量研究安达曼海内孤立波传播速度。研究结果表明:安达曼海内孤立波传播速度在0.5~2.7 m/s之间,内孤立波传播方向主要受海底地形的影响,传播速度大小在传播过程中随水深变浅而呈减小的趋势,在深水区传播速度大小还呈现出季节性差异。  相似文献
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By compiling all the tidal data gathered from island-wide results of simple harmonic analysis, anomalous amplifications of semidiurnal tides along the western coast of Taiwan are illustrated. The mechanisms are investigated both theoretically and numerically by applying the linear shallow-water wave equations. Waves trapped by a continental shelf and resonance of tidal co-oscillation are identified theoretically. Numerically, a two-dimensional finite element model is applied to real topography for tidal computations. The co-range and equi-phase charts of three main semidiurnal constituents (M2, S2, and N2) and one diurnal constituent K1 are calculated. Anomalous amplifications of semidiurnal tides that appear as partially standing waves are demonstrated.  相似文献
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During the spring tide period in November 2005, continuous observations were conducted over 25 h (approximately two M2 tidal cycles) at 12 stations within the Changjiang (Yangtze River) Estuary; and among them nine stations formed a closed rectangle. The observation items included current, salinity, suspended particulate matter (SPM), and nutrients. By establishing a simplified model, physical and chemical hydrography data were used to calculate the net and tidal-averaged budgets of seawater, salt, SPM, and nutrients in this rectangle. The results showed that the inflows and outflows of conservative seawater and salt, as well as SPM, matched well with deficits less than 10%; whereas the outputs of the five nutrient species were only 52%–86% of the respective inputs, suggesting the study area acted as a nutrient sink. Processes that might contribute to the nutrient budgets in the study area were discussed, including phytoplankton uptakes, exchanges at sediment-water interface, atmospheric depositions, nitrogen fixation, and denitrification.  相似文献
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Tidal rhythmites have been documented from modern continental shelves and distal offshore settings. In significant contrast to their modern counterparts, sedimentological studies of ancient tidal rhythmites formed in distal offshore settings and quantification of tidal rhythms encoded therein are, however, scarce. This paper presents sedimentological analysis of vertically accreted tidal rhythmites from the Palaeoproterozoic Chaibasa shale facies in India, and quantification of their tidal rhythms. The facies characteristics of the Chaibasa Shale coupled with harmonic analysis of the laminae thicknesses of the sandstone inter-layers corroborate a distal shelf palaeogeography for the generation of the vertically accreted tidal rhythmites. The latter are the distal counterparts of laterally accreted, tidal “bundle” deposits, well preserved within the shallow marine Chaibasa sandstones. The number of lunar days in a synodic month (∼23) estimated from the Chaibasa shale facies is, however, considerably lower than that estimated from the Chaibasa sandstone facies (∼32) suggesting that the tidal record encoded from the Chaibasa shale facies is incomplete.  相似文献
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The mixing and circulation associated with a bathymetrically arrested estuarine front was studied using hydrographic and current data. A quasisteady front, exhibiting strongly convergent surface flows, is formed along the steeply sloping inner margins of the flood tide delta during each semidiurnal tide cycle. This front separates the brackish ambient water within a deep estuarine basin from the incoming oceanic tidal water. The position of the front is dependent on the local water depth and the difference in density between the two water masses. Beneath the surface there is an inclined frontal interface where static stability is very low and vertical mixing intense. A vertically integrated horizontal momentum equation was derived for flow in the upper layer and an estimate made as to the value of the associated entrainment coefficient.  相似文献
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Emersion curves are presented for eight locations in Britain experiencing semidiurnal tides. Curves were produced by computer analysis of reduced hourly tide gauge observations over a 1-year period, and were not based upon predicted times of HW and LW as mostly used hitherto. The locations differ in tidal constants and the form of the tide curve. The shape of the emersion curve varies markedly between locations, and for each curve the slope, which indicates the rate of change of environmental conditions, is analysed with respect to height at the tide gauge. “Critical tide levels”, where conditions change particularly rapidly, are obvious on some curves but less evident on others.  相似文献
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为了研究非临界纬度上参量次谐频不稳定(parametric subharmonic instability, PSI)过程生成的近惯性波(near-inertial wave, NIW),本文基于国家重点研发项目的准实时传输深海潜标资料,对内波速度谱、近惯性流速和动能、D2-f(半日频减惯性频)流速和动能、半日内潮流速和动能以及混合的时间分布特征进行了研究分析。平板模型与双相干谱分析表明,南海西北部陆坡区上层海洋出现的非风生近惯性波是由半日内潮PSI过程生成的,同时也会生成D2-f内波。在发生显著PSI过程的深度上,生成的近惯性能量与全日内潮能量相当,生成的D2-f能量与半日内潮能量相当,表明PSI过程生成的近惯性波和D2-f内波是相当重要的。细尺度参数化方法结果显示PSI过程期间混合出现明显增强,但其增加的大小是中度的。  相似文献
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