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1.
渤海风暴潮概况及温带风暴潮数值模拟   总被引:3,自引:3,他引:14  
分析研究表明,天津沿海是世界上风暴潮最频发区和最严重的区域之一,风暴潮灾一年四季均均有发生,除夏季有台风风暴潮灾害发生外,春、秋、季节均有灾害性温带风暴潮发生,采用坐标下的二维风暴潮模式,对1969年4月23日引起渤海最大温带风暴增水过程进行了数值模拟,对风场和增水过程的计算结果验证表明,该模式用于温带风暴潮的工程计算,并且只要依据文中方法计算出预报气压场和风场,该模式也具有预报能力。  相似文献
2.
Analysis of the coastal Mississippi storm surge hazard   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Following the extreme flooding caused by Hurricane Katrina, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) commissioned a study to update the Mississippi coastal flood hazard maps. The project included development and application of new methods incorporating the most recent advances in numerical modeling of storms and coastal hydrodynamics, analysis of the storm climatology, and flood hazard evaluation. This paper discusses the methods that were used and how they were applied to the coast of the State of Mississippi.  相似文献
3.
渤海局部海域风暴潮漫滩的数值模拟   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:9  
在Johns变边界模型的基础上,提出了一种嵌套式变边界数值模型,应用于渤海风暴潮的数值计算。分别模拟得到了1964年和1969年两次渤海风暴潮黄河三角洲一带的最大淹水范围和水位过程曲线。模拟过程中考虑了天文潮与风暴潮的非线性耦合效应。模拟结果分别与实测值和固定边界模型的结果进行了比较,从而证实了变边界模型不仅能计算出最大淹水范围,而且得到的风暴潮水位值也更加符合实际。  相似文献
4.
As the most costly US natural disaster in history, Hurricane Katrina fostered the IPET forensic study to better understand the event. All available observations from several hundred space-, land-, sea-, and aircraft-based measurement platforms were gathered and processed to a common framework for height, exposure, and averaging time, to produce a series of wind field snapshots at 3 h intervals to depict the wind structure of Katrina when in the Gulf of Mexico. The stepped-frequency microwave radiometer was calibrated against GPS sondes to establish the upper range of the instrument and then used to determine the wind field in the storm's core region in concert with airborne Doppler radar winds adjusted to the surface from near the top of the PBL (500 m). The SFMR data were used to develop a method to estimate surface winds from 3 km level reconnaissance aircraft observations, taking into consideration the observed azimuthal variation of the reduction factor. The “SFMR method” was used to adjust reconnaissance flight-level measurements to the surface in the core region when SFMR and Doppler winds were not available. A variety of coastal and inland mesonet data were employed, including portable towers deployed by Texas Tech University, University of Louisiana at Monroe, and the Florida Coastal Monitoring Program, as well as fixed mesonet stations from Louisiana State Universities Marine Consortium, University of Southern Mississippi, and Agricultural Networks from Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, and the Coastal Estuarine Network of Alabama and Mississippi. Also included were land- (WSR-88D VAD and GBVTD, ASOS, Metar, LLWAS, HANDAR), space- (QuikScat, GOES cloud drift winds, WindSat), and marine- (GPS sondes, Buoys, C-MAN, ships) platforms. The wind fields serve as an analysis of record and were used to provide forcing for wave and storm surge models to produce hindcasts of water levels in the vicinity of flood control structures.  相似文献
5.
Efficient joint-probability methods for hurricane surge frequency analysis   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
The Joint-Probability Method (JPM) was adopted by federal agencies for critical post-Katrina determinations of hurricane surge frequencies. In standard JPM implementations, it is necessary to consider a very large number of combinations of storm parameters, and each such combination (or synthetic storm) requires the simulation of wind, waves, and surge. The tools used to model the wave and surge phenomena have improved greatly in recent years, but this improvement and the use of very large high-resolution grids have made the computations both time-consuming and expensive. In order to ease the computational burden, two independent approaches have been developed to reduce the number of storm surge simulations that are required. Both of these so-called JPM-OS (JPM-Optimal Sampling) methods seek to accurately cover the entire storm parameter space through optimum selection of a small number of parameter values so as to minimize the number of required storm simulations. Tests done for the Mississippi coast showed that the accuracy of the two methods is comparable to that of a full JPM analysis, with a reduction of an order of magnitude or more in the computational effort.  相似文献
6.
滨海新区温带风暴潮灾害风险评估研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:2  
建立了一套基于非结构三角网、适用于滨海新区的高分辨率风暴潮漫滩数值模式,在陆地区域分辨率达到50~80m,对两次典型的温带风暴潮进行模拟得到满意结果.计算了塘沽站19 a平均天文高潮值并根据对历史天气过程的分析,选取制定了4个强度的天气系统,而后模拟得到不同强度下滨海新区的温带风暴潮最大淹没范围.综合考虑风暴潮淹没风险与承灾体脆弱性制作出滨海新区温带风暴潮灾害风险图.结果表明:大部分地区都存在风暴潮灾害风险,沿海地区风险大于内陆,其中天津新港、临港工业区、海河北岸地区、大港地区南部的灾害风险最大.  相似文献
7.
Ocean surface waves are strongly forced by high wind conditions associated with winter storms in the Sea of Japan. They are also modulated by tides and storm surges. The effects of the variability in surface wind forcing, tides and storm surges on the waves are investigated using a wave model, a high-resolution atmospheric mesoscale model and a hydrodynamic ocean circulation model. Five month-long wave model simulations are inducted to examine the sensitivity of ocean waves to various wind forcing fields, tides and storm surges during January 1997. Compared with observed mean wave parameters, results indicate that the high frequency variability in the surface wind filed has very great effect on wave simulation. Tides and storm surges have a significant impact on the waves in nearshores of the Tsushima-kaihyō, but not for other regions in the Sea of Japan. High spatial and temporal resolution and good quality surface wind products will be crucial for the prediction of surface waves in the JES and other marginal seas, especially near the coastal regions.  相似文献
8.
鳌江站台风增水特征分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
朱业  王晶  卢美 《海洋预报》2007,24(3):99-104
温州地区是浙江省受风暴潮灾害最严重的地区之一,鳌江站位于温州南部,是该地区的主要验潮站之一。本文统计了1949年~2006年登陆浙江的台风,通过对鳌江站的风暴增水特征的分析,探讨该站台风增水的预报方法和预报着眼点。  相似文献
9.
钱塘江河口围涂对杭州湾风暴潮影响数值模拟   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:1  
应用二维水动力模式Mike21对钱塘江河口治江围涂对杭州湾风暴潮的影响进行了数值模拟。首先采用概化地形做了围涂对风暴潮影响的主要因素分析,然后采用实际地形计算极端工况和百年一遇工况条件下已有围涂前后风暴潮的变化,最后对今后规划围涂所造成的影响进行了预测。结果表明,围涂引起的平面边界改变是影响杭州湾风暴潮的主要因素,围涂引起的地形抬升的影响是次要因素;已有围涂使杭州湾极端风暴高潮位抬升1.85~0.09 m,抬升幅度由湾顶向湾口递减;规划围涂后,杭州湾风暴高潮位总体抬升,抬升值最大的湾中部为0.25 m。  相似文献
10.
浙江沿海超强台风作用下风暴潮增水数值分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:5  
基于河口海岸水动力二维数值模型,建立风暴潮与天文潮耦合作用的数值模式,通过三次强台风和二次超强台风引起的风暴潮增水模拟和分析,证实该模式可用于浙江沿海增水预测.以1949年以来登陆我国大陆沿海最强的"5612"号台风作为典型的超强台风,利用本模式计算分析了超强台风在浙北至浙南5个不同地点登陆遭遇大潮时可能出现的风暴潮增水过程和最大增水,该结果对于海岸工程的防护具有实际的意义.  相似文献
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