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排序方式: 共有867条查询结果,搜索用时 19 毫秒
1.
柴达木盆地四湖区卤水锂资源极为丰富,那棱格勒河是其最重要的补给源,查清那棱格勒河流域表层沉积物中锂的分布和赋存特征对深刻理解卤水锂富集成矿过程具有重要意义。以那棱格勒河流域表层沉积物为研究对象,探讨了其中锂的赋存特征及分布规律。结果表明,研究区表层沉积物以砂和粉砂为主,锂主要赋存在粉砂和黏土粒级沉积物中;黏土矿物组成以伊利石和伊蒙混层为主,高盐度卤水环境有利于黏土矿物形成。元素地球化学分析显示,锂主要赋存在伊蒙混层矿物中,较高含量的K对于Li进入伊利石矿物晶格具有一定的抑制作用,Li和B在地质过程中应具有相似的地球化学行为。  相似文献   
2.
Many sensors have their bands overlapped and therefore do not set a normal space. If a spectral distance is measured, as in first-order statistical classifiers, the direct consequence is that the result will not be the most accurate. Image classification processes are independent of the spectral response function of the sensor, so this overlap is usually ignored during image processing. This paper presents a methodology that introduces the spectral response function of sensors into the classification process to increase its accuracy. This process takes place in two steps: first, incident energy values of the sensors are reconstructed; second, the energy of the bands is set in an orthonormal space using a matrix singular value decomposition. Sensors with and without overlapping spectral bands were simulated to evaluate the reconstruction of energy values. The whole process was implemented on three types of images with medium, high and very high spatial resolution obtained with the sensors ASTER, IKONOS and DMC camera, respectively. These images were classified by ISODATA and minimum distance algorithms. The ISODATA classifier showed well-defined features in the processed images, while the results were less clear in the original images. At the same time, the minimum distance classifier showed that overall accuracy of the processed images increased as the maximum tolerance distance decreased compared to the original images.  相似文献   
3.
Sand wedges and ice‐wedge casts in the Qinghai Lake area on the northeastern Qinghai‐Tibetan Plateau (QTP) occur within alluvial gravel or river terrace deposits. In this study, we report the results of quartz Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dating of the infill of five relict sand wedges and one ice‐wedge cast. Combining our dating results with previously published luminescence ages of permafrost wedges in the Qinghai Lake area, we show that sand/ice wedges formed at c. 62 ka, c. 45 ka and between 30 and 15 ka, and that the mean annual air temperature (MAAT) was depressed by at least ~3°C relative to present during the sand/ice‐wedge formation periods. This new work is partially corroborated by post‐LGM proxy records from lakes and aeolian deposits reported from the northeastern QTP. It also significantly extends the palaeoenvironmental record in the region in the period before the LGM, when other proxy records are rare, allowing a better understanding of the palaeoenvironmental conditions on the northeastern QTP.  相似文献   
4.
采用粉末样品压片制样,利用波长色散X射线荧光光谱仪对盐湖样品中K、Ca、Na、Mg、Cl、SO_4~(2-)等6个主次元素(组分)含量进行测定。使用化学定值得到的样品作为人工标样,其值作为标准样品参考值,建立了X射线荧光光谱法测定盐湖样品中主次元素的方法。经验证,该分析方法的准确度完全能够满足化学分析的要求,其相对标准偏差RSD7%,分析元素结果与化学法结果的相对误差均小于5%。  相似文献   
5.
在柴达木格尔木河流域,随着内陆流域水系的产生与地表径流的消亡,从山区至盐湖区钾(K)硼(B)锂(Li)等有益元素的分布可以划分为淋溶-径流区、径流-蒸发区与溶滤-蒸发浓缩富集区3个具有显著特点的水文化学分带。河水中,K、B、Li含量随矿化度升高而升高,且呈正相关关系。在盐湖区,K、B、Li等资源性元素明显富集。研究发现,格尔木河东部主流(秀水河)是格尔木河水中B和Li的主要贡献者。  相似文献   
6.
《Gondwana Research》2016,29(4):1543-1565
Early Cambrian small skeletal fossils (SSFs) are studied and revised from the Zhenba–Fangxian Block of the transitional zone between the Yangtze Block and the South Qinling Terrane. The study reveals a diverse fauna with 47 species of various biological affinities, including the new species Gapparodus gapparites sp. nov. The SSFs are assigned to the newly defined Cambroclavus fangxianensisRhombocorniculum cancellatum Assemblage Zone. Based on the investigated SSF fauna from Zhenba County, Southeast Shaanxi of China and published data, a palaeobiogeographic study is carried out for the Cambrian Stage 3 (equivalent to the Atdabanian–Botoman of Siberia). A hierarchical Pearson similarity cluster analysis of 295 species from 32 regions of the world indicates a distinct palaeobiogeographic pattern with seven faunal provinces. The result is mostly consistent with existing palaeogeographic reconstructions for the early Cambrian. However, it is also shown that the SSF assemblages of the Zhenba–Fangxian Block have low similarity with those of the Yangtze Block. Instead, they share high similarity with those from Armorica, Tarim and the Karatau–Naryn terranes (South Kazakhstan/North Kyrgyzstan). The Yangtze Block has a unique SSF assemblage dissimilar to most of other regions. The Terreneuvian–Cambrian Stage 3 sedimentary sequence of the Zhenba–Fangxian Block is more consistent with that of the South Qinling Terrane. Besides, sedimentary Ediacaran manganese ore deposits and Cambrian barite/witherite deposits have unique distribution pattern on the Zhenba–Fangxian Block. Derived from the profound dissimilarities in faunal composition, sedimentary sequence and distribution of sedimentary ore deposits, we hypothesize that during the Neoproterozoic–Cambrian transition, the Zhenba–Fangxian Block might have been an independent terrane and more distant from the Yangtze Block. The palaeobiogeographic analysis of SSFs also indicates a closer alliance between Avalonia and Siberia. It corroborates the palaeogeographic reconstruction of North China at the margin of Gondwana, in the vicinity of Australia, Antarctica, and Armorica.  相似文献   
7.
针对卤水、盐泉、盐湖的测试样例,依据水化学分析手册(卤水、盐泉、盐湖化学分析)中的分类系数算法,应用MATLAB(R2010B版)设计一个GUI用户界面,对水化学进行分类。录入离子浓度或离子百分数作为各元素离子数据,通过分类系数算法,GUI显示类型,验证了841组数据。结果表明,对Classifier Coef.m中的浮点型数据的上下界进行微调,并补充分类系数K,实现了所有验证数据的分类;GUI用户界面具有计算快速、分类准确的优点。  相似文献   
8.
Several mathematical models have been suggested to describe uranium migration kinetics for ESR dating of fossil tooth. In the present study, different U-uptake models were used to calculate ages for fossil teeth from two open-air Paleolithic sites in Nihewan Basin – Donggutuo and Hougou and compared with independent age control of the sites. For Donggutuo site, the results show that the ages of three teeth calculated by EU and AU models were much younger than magnetostratigraphic age. At Hougou site, two teeth from the top of Nihewan lacustrine deposits give the consistent EU and AU ages within errors but younger than sediment OSL age. This study indicates that mathematical modeling could not always give convincing results for the open-air sites, which may experience dramatic hydrological variations and high erosion rates.  相似文献   
9.
基于POI数据的西宁市零售业空间格局探究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
高子轶  张海峰 《干旱区地理》2019,42(5):1195-1204
零售业是城市商业结构中最有活力的组成部分,合理有序的零售空间结构对促进经济的发展、提高资源的配置、满足居民的生活需求至关重要。POI作为新的空间数据源,能够客观地、准确地对商业空间结构进行识别和探究。西宁市位于青藏高原东北部,是连接青藏高原与中国大陆的重要门户。西宁市集中大量的人口,且存在有潜力的消费市场。基于POI大数据,运用核密度、局域Getis-Ord G*指数、Ripley’s K函数和区位熵的分析方法,以西宁市为研究案例探究零售网点的空间分布特征。零售业详细地分为以下8种类型,分别是食品、饮料及烟草制品,纺织、服装及日用品,文化、体育用品及器材,家用电器及电子产品,五金、家具室内装饰材料,医药及医疗器材,汽车、摩托车燃料及零配件,综合零售。结果表明:西宁市零售业集聚区空间分布特征显著,呈现“多集聚、多核心”商业空间形态。密度等级由中心区沿交通干线逐渐向外围递减;高密度集聚区分别分布在水井巷附近街区、商业巷附近街区、祁连路—北禅路交汇的附近街区(北山市场)和以万达广场为核心的海湖新区。行业属性不同使得零售点集聚和分布变化表现出较大的差异性,与人们日常生活密切相关的业态零售点呈现社区化、微型化和便利化的特征,且区位选择性较大,如:食品饮料及烟草制品、医药及医疗器材和综合零售行业,而家用电器及电子产品、文化体育用品和纺织服装等行业区位选择尺度小,集中在特定的区域;基于道路数据构建的街区单元冷热点区域分布特征显著,它受城市建设用地扩张,人口密度,交通可达性和城市规划等因素的影响,海湖新区将成为最有发展潜力的商业区;在街道尺度,各业态零售业专业化功能区块显著,发展成熟的街道表现出多优势行业集聚特征,西宁市多业态集聚区域较少,只有人民街街道。这项研究一方面有助于填补基于POI数据青藏高原河谷型城市商业空间结构研究的空白; 另一方面,为政府战略制定,零售商选址和城市规划提供一些参考。  相似文献   
10.
外加剂对硫氧镁水泥的改性作用   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
通过对硫氧镁水泥材料进行改性,使其试块在空气中性质稳定,同时获得具有较高的抗压强度。为了对比外加剂对硫氧镁水泥试块抗水性能的影响,试块水养护和空气养护同时进行,并测试3 d、7 d、28 d龄期的抗压强度,试块空气养护28 d后转置入水中养护,取得水对硫氧镁水泥的软化影响(K)。对龄期为28 d样品进行扫描电子显微镜(SEM)微观形貌分析和X-射线衍射(XRD)物相分析。实验结果显示两种外加剂能够有效提高硫氧镁水泥材料的稳定性和抗压性能,同时对提高材料抗水性能有一定的效果。  相似文献   
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