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1.
By taking the Yong River for example in this paper, based on the multiple measured data during 1957 to 2009, the change process of runoff, tide feature, tidal wave, tidal influx and sediment transport are analyzed. Then a mathematical model is used to reveal the influence mechanism on hydrodynamic characteristics and sediment transport of the wading engineering groups such as a tide gate, a breakwater, reservoirs, bridges and wharves, which were built in different periods. The results showed the hydrodynamic characteristics and sediment transport of the Yong River changed obviously due to the wading engineering groups. The tide gate induced deformation of the tidal wave, obvious reduction of the tidal influx and weakness of the tidal dynamic, decrease of the sediment yield of flood and ebb tide and channel deposition. The breakwater blocked estuarine entrances, resulting in the change of the tidal current and the reduction of the tidal influx in the estuarine area. The large-scale reservoirs gradually made the decrease of the Yong River runoff. The bridge and wharf groups took up cross-section areas, the cumulative affection of which caused the increase of tidal level in the tidal river.  相似文献   
2.
孙颖颖  王辉 《海洋科学》2013,37(5):45-49
前期研究采用离子交换柱层析和凝胶柱层析,制备到一种球等鞭金藻胞外纯多糖ECPSⅢ。在此基础上,采用化学比色法研究了 ECPSⅢ的体外抗氧化活性;同时,通过测定 ECPSⅢ中的硫酸基和糖醛酸含量,初步分析了ECPSⅢ的理化性质。结果表明, ECPSⅢ具有清除超氧阴离子(O2·ˉ)、羟基自由基(·OH)和过氧化氢(H2O2)等活性氧的能力和一定的还原力。其中, ECPSⅢ对O2·ˉ和·OH的清除能力较强。ECPSⅢ中的硫酸基和糖醛酸含量分别为76.90 mg/g和17.1%,是一种富含硫酸基和糖醛酸的酸性多糖。  相似文献   
3.
在山东青岛、威海和烟台近海海域的潮间带进行采样调查,共采取36株红藻样本,对其形态学特征进行了详细的观察.结果显示,所采集的样本在色泽、大小、形态、叶状体形状等外观上均有一定差异,但部分样本间差别并不明显.同时作者采用分子系统学的方法,从藻类样本中分离了rbcL基因片段,并进行了序列分析,利用 rbcL 基因建立了分子系统进化树,对样品间的亲缘关系及多样性进行了系统分析.结果表明,本研究采得的红藻样本有很好的多样性,分别与 GenBank 中已报道的红藻门中的16个属亲缘关系较近.在青岛、烟台和威海3个海域的红藻样本呈现不同的多样性,并且同一属的样品表现出很好的属内种间多样性.  相似文献   
4.
ABSTRACT

Ocean gulfs offer a means of artificially creating a depression, which can be used for a regionally significant hydroelectric macroproject. We examine here the case for a dam at the Strait of Hormuz that blocks a large gulf situated in an arid region. A 35 m evaporation of this concentration basin will reduce its watery surface area by ~53% and allow generation of ~2.050 MW (or possibly ~2.500 MW) of electricity. Our conclusion is that the proposed Electricity Development Infrastructure Node (EDIN) is a feasible and desirable macroproject. If the macroproject starts in the near-term future, it would require a significant change in the logistics of oil and gas transport from this region. Alternatively, it can be considered as an attractive future solution for the energy requirements of the region after exhaustion of its oil and gas reserves.  相似文献   
5.
春末海南万宁海域浮游动物群落结构研究   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
根据 2012 年春末在海南万宁海域所采集的浮游动物样品, 对该海域浮游动物的种类组成、饵料生物量、丰度和生物多样性进行了探讨, 采用大型多元统计软件 PRIMER5.0 对浮游动物的群落结构进行了分析。结果表明调查海域共有浮游动物 70 种、浮游幼虫 10 个类群, 其中优势种共有 6 种: 双尾溞 纽鳃樽、多毛类幼虫、短角长腹剑水蚤、鸟喙尖头 、尖额真猛水蚤和小拟哲水蚤。浮游动物生物量和丰度的平面分布相似, 主要分布在调查海域的北部和中部近岸处。 浮游动物具有较高的均匀度(0.70), 生物多样性指数较高(3.10)。群落结构聚类分析显示浮游动物可以分为 5 个生态类群。  相似文献   
6.
An assessment of cyclone risk and vulnerability at the village level has evolved, which is an important component of the information system for local level development action plans for preparedness and mitigation. Here, a case study for the Nellore district along the east coast of India is considered. Using maximum probable surges along the coast, total water level (TWL) due to the combined effect of surge, tide, and wind wave is computed for the most vulnerable coastal villages of the Nellore district due to any tropical cyclones. The computations suggest that the TWL along the Nellore coast varies from 2 m in the south to 4 m in the north.  相似文献   
7.
对赤点石斑鱼(Epinephelus akaara)精子的激活特点、超低温冷冻方案筛选、短期保存、受精实验等方面进行了研究。结果表明:水温25℃、比重为1.018的海水对赤点石斑精子具有最佳的激活效果,活力为(82.50±4.18)%;在进行超低温冷冻时,选择距离液氮面7 cm的高度进行降温,获得冻后活力为(65.83±3.76)%,显著高于1、3、15 cm 的处理组(P<0.0001),利用冻存液 B(含30 g/L 海藻糖、10%DMSO 的生理盐水)冻存赤点石斑精子,冻精活力为(67.92±3.96)%,显著高于另外两种冻存液(P<0.05);通过优化的方案(冻存液B,7 cm高度)冻存得到精子可获得较好的受精效果,受精率为(74.55±4.31)%,而相应的鲜精受精率可达(87.42±4.63)%,二者间的差异具有显著性(P=0.017);短期保存的结果表明,赤点石斑鱼精子在4℃环境中保存约两周后活力降低为0。  相似文献   
8.
为了快速高效地实现信号的本征模态分解,消除分解过程中边界效应,在 Directly-Mean EMD方法的基础上,通过引入左、右待估中点和左、右延拓中点,并根据信号首尾两端各种可能的情况给出了四中点估计公式,建立了可完全消除边界效应的Directly-Mean EMD四中点估计方法。该方法不仅减少了样条插值次数,提高分解速度,而且还可以有效避免因插值节点过于稀疏所产生的大幅波动,使分解结果更加准确。将新方法应用于日长数据序列的本征模态函数分解,得到了满意的分解结果。  相似文献   
9.
This article presents an approach for estimating land subsidence due to withdrawal of groundwater. The proposed method calculates the groundwater seepage in 3-D-condition and calculates the land subsidence one-dimensionally. The governing equation on groundwater seepage is based on the three-dimensional mass conservation law and the principle of effective stress. The land subsidence calculation method is derived based on the following assumptions: (1) displacements occur only in the vertical direction, and (2) in vertical direction the total stresses do not change. The governing equation is solved by numerical method, i.e., finite element method (FEM) in spatial discretization and finite difference method (FDM) in time series discretization. In FEM Galerkin method is adopted and in FDM, lumped matrix method is employed. The proposed method is calibrated via analyzing 1-D consolidation problem and the results are compared with those from Terzaghi's one-dimensional consolidation theory and oedometer test. The proposed method is employed to analyze the consolidation of a soft layer due to withdrawal of groundwater from an aquifer under it. Moreover, this method is also applied to a field case of land subsidence due to groundwater pumping in a gas production field in Japan. The analytical results are compared with the field observed data. The results show that this approach simulates the field case well.  相似文献   
10.
This paper presents a series of full-scale load tests on long bored piles instrumented with strain gauges along the shafts, including eight field tests of piles loaded to failure and one non-destructive pile load test. The load-displacement response, skin friction, end resistance, and the threshold of the pile-soil relative displacement for fully mobilizing skin resistance were discussed. A simple softening model was proposed to describe the degradation behavior of the skin friction along the pile-soil interface and the load-displacement relationship developed at the pile base. It is found that the shaft resistance degradation investigated in the non-destructive load test only occurs at a shallow depth, and the skin friction of deeper soil is not fully developed. However, unlike the results of the non-destructive load tests, the softening is accompanied by a reduction in skin friction and observed to be along the whole pile depth. The thresholds of pile-soil relative displacement for fully mobilizing skin resistances in different soils have been found to be in the range 0.6% to 2.4% of the pile diameter. Moreover, in practical applications, a bilinear model is assumed to be feasible in analyzing the load-settlement relationship developed at the end of non-destructive pile, whereas the load transmission curve of the soils below the pile base corresponds to a softening model in the field tests of piles loaded to failure.  相似文献   
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