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1.
青海盐湖锂资源综合利用规模探讨   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
锂是战略新兴产业的“关键原料”,已入国家战略新兴产业矿产。当前和可预见的未来,新能源、人工智能、航空航天等都离不开锂原料。有机构预测全球锂需求量将从2017年24万吨增加到2025年的83万吨LCE(碳酸锂当量)。青海柴达木盆地是我国锂资源富集地,为探讨青海盐湖锂资源的合理开发规模,分析了锂盐开发的矿床特性、钾肥规模、开采方式、盐田精制浓缩工艺等影响因素,以察尔汗盐湖为例计算其开发规模,提出“先锂后钾”重点研发低含量卤水提锂技术、全流程工艺优化、构建锂资源产业集群等建议,将有利于科学规划青海盐湖锂资源开发,促进我国盐湖锂产业可持续发展。  相似文献   
2.
Species of thyasirid bivalves are considered to be representative of early stages of chemosymbiosis, given that bacterial symbionts occur outside gill epithelial cells, vary among species in their abundance and nutritional importance, and are environmentally acquired. For these reasons, assessing the extent of host–symbiont specificity in thyasirids could provide valuable information on the evolution of chemosymbiosis. We show that individuals of two closely related and sympatric Thyasira cf. gouldi operational taxonomic units collected from three sites in a fjord in Newfoundland, Canada, associate with one of three distinct, closely related symbiont phylotypes. While associations show some site‐specificity, there is flexibility in host–symbiont pairings within the fjord, further supporting an early and relatively unspecific stage of chemosymbiosis in this family. Morphologic differences observed both within and among symbiont phylotypes suggest physiologic variation, possibly induced by small‐scale differences in sedimentary conditions.  相似文献   
3.
A large amount of deep oil has been discovered in the Tazhong Uplift, Tarim Basin whereas the oil source is still controversial. An integrated geochemical approach was utilized to unravel the characteristics, origin and alteration of the deep oils. This study showed that the Lower Cambrian oil from well ZS1C (
1x) was featured by small or trace amounts of biomarkers, unusually high concentration of dibenzothiophenes (DBTs), high δ34S of DBTs and high δ13C value of n-alkanes. These suggest a close genetic relationship with the Cambrian source rocks and TSR alteration. On the contrary, the Middle Cambrian oils from well ZS1 (
2a) were characterized by low δ13C of n-alkanes and relatively high δ34S of individual sulfur compounds and a general “V” shape of steranes, indicating a good genetic affinity with the Middle–Upper Ordovician source rocks. The middle Cambrian salt rock separating the oils was suggested to be one of the factors responsible for the differentiation. It was suggested that most of the deep oils in the Tazhong Uplift were mixed source based on biomarkers and carbon isotope, which contain TSR altered oil in varied degree. The percentage of the oils contributed by the Cambrian–Lower Ordovician was in the range of 19–100% (average 57%) controlled by several geological and geochemical events. Significant variations in the δ34S values for individual compounds in the oils were observed suggesting a combination of different extent of TSR and thermal maturation alterations. The unusually high DBTs concentrations in the Tazhong-4 oilfield suggested as a result of mixing with the ZS1C oil (
1x) and Lower Ordovician oils based on δ34S values of DBT. This study will enhance our understanding of both deep and shallow oil sources in the Tazhong Uplift and clarify the formation mechanisms of the unusually high DBTs oils in the region.  相似文献   
4.
通过详细的野外地质工作和显微镜下观察,对云南兰坪盆地东北部维西-乔后断裂带上三叠统石钟山组(T3s)中产出的铅锌矿床成因进行厘定.研究结果表明,测区内存在大量典型的同生沉积矿床标志,如:纹层构造、条纹条带构造、网脉构造、黄铁矿条带软沉积构造、黄铁矿草莓状结构、黄铁矿胶状构造、闪锌矿同心环状构造等.青甸湾矿床金属硫化物硫...  相似文献   
5.
赣南崇义淘锡坑钨矿床氢、氧、硫同位素地球化学研究   总被引:11,自引:2,他引:9  
赣南崇义县淘锡坑钨矿位于南岭东西向构造带东段与武夷山NE-NNE向构造带南段的复合部位,属于以石英脉型黑钨矿为主的钨多金属矿床.文章通过氧、氧、硫同位素地球化学特征的研究,探讨了淘锡坑钨矿成矿流体的来源及演化.研究结果显示:δD值介于-77‰~-45‰之间;石英矿物的δ18O值介于+7.3‰~+12.2‰之间,计算给出...  相似文献   
6.
阐述了全站仪在日常工作中使用、保管以及全站仪电池充放电的注意事项。  相似文献   
7.
滇西北衙金多金属矿床成矿地球化学特征   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
肖晓牛 《地质与勘探》2011,47(2):170-179
北衙金多金属矿床是金沙江-哀牢山-红河断裂带与新生代富碱斑岩有关的斑岩型矿床之一.本文重点提供了流体包裹体中稀土微量元素和矿石S、Pb同位素分析结果,并对成矿流体及成矿物质来源等问题进行了讨论.研究表明,本区流体包裹体稀土总量较低,∑REE介于5.19×10-6~9.0×10-6之间,反映轻重稀土分馏程度的∑LREE/...  相似文献   
8.
贵州纳雍水东铅锌矿矿床地球化学特征   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
吴波  陈国勇  陶平  谯文浪 《贵州地质》2011,28(2):108-113
对贵州纳雍水东乡洗米沟、坟山脚一带灯影组地层中铅锌矿石采样,进行镜下观察和全岩主量、微量元素、稀土元素以及硫同位素地球化学研究。微量元素研究表明,矿床中N i、Mo、As、Sb等成矿元素富集明显,Sr、Ba、V等元素强烈亏损,认为早寒武世热水对铅锌矿源层进行了淋滤和改造;稀土元素研究表明,铅锌矿石稀土配分曲线向右倾斜,...  相似文献   
9.
河南桐柏县破山银矿和银洞坡金矿的硫同位素研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
河南桐柏县围山城金银成矿带的破山银矿和银洞坡金矿位于河前庄背斜的轴部和两翼,围岩为歪头山岩组,矿体受地层和构造的双重控制。两个矿床的矿石硫同位素δ34S值变化范围很窄,位于-1.8‰~5.3‰之间,具塔式效应,与围岩的硫同位素组成类似,具有深源硫的特征,由混合总体筛分可推测围岩提供了大部分硫源,破山银矿δ34S∑S为2.8‰左右。同时赋矿围岩的Au、Ag含量远远高于地壳丰度,因此可推断成矿物质主要来源于围岩歪头山岩组。  相似文献   
10.
Treatment with metallic copper for the removal of elemental sulfur from bitumen extracted from sedimentary rocks or petroleum is the most widely used method. Little attention has been paid, however, to its disadvantages. It was observed that copper can interact with some polar organic substances during conventional sulfur removal, which can strongly influence the quantitative and qualitative determination of bitumen, as has been confirmed by interaction of long-chain fatty acids with copper. The copper soap generated was analyzed by element analysis, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), thermal analysis (TG-DSC) and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FFIR). Mechanism of the interaction was investigated and elucidated. Our experimental results would necessitate improvement of the present method for sulfur removal and/or a search for a new one.  相似文献   
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