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1.
采用上升单液滴法,进行盐湖卤水中萃取铷的动力学研究,主要考察了比界面积、水相铷浓度和油相(t-BAMBP/磺化煤油)浓度对萃取速率的影响。通过比界面积的研究发现,t-BAMBP萃取铷的过程由界面化学反应和相内化学反应共同控制;通过对实验数据的非线性拟合,得到了萃取体系的动力学方程,R=9.936×10-7[Rb+]1.134[t-BAMBP]2.190,萃取速率对铷的反应级数为a=1.134,对t-BAMBP反应级数b=2.190,实验值和计算值的均方根误差为1.735%。  相似文献   
2.
The present work are extract cesium (Cs+) and rubidium (Rb+) from the salt lake brine containing the potassium (K+) and magnesium (Mg2+) after concentrated through evaporation. It has excellent effect of extraction that 4-sec-butyl-2-(α-methylbenzyl) phenol (t-BAMBP) was diluted in the Sulfonated Kerosene (SK). The infrared spectrum studies indicate that polymerize to form the dimer in the t-BAMBP when Cs+ or Rb+ were extracted. The effect of K+ and Mg2+, t-BAMBP concentration, the volume ratio of organic phase to aqueous phase (O/A) and the alkalinity(pH) of aqueous phase were investigated. The K+ and Mg2+ should be eliminated through precipitation before extraction and separation Cs+ and Rb+. The experimental brine was extracted of optimum conditions were using 0.8 mol/L t-BAMBP in SK, the pH exceed 13, and O/A of 1:1 for 2 min contact time under room temperature. The optimal extraction yields of Cs+ and Rb+ up to 100% and 85.8%, and 8.76% K+ was co-extracted. Further work target to increase theSextractionSyield and selectivity ofSRb+, and realize the efficient seperation of Cs+ and Rb+ products .  相似文献   
3.
通过对电离缓冲原子吸收光谱法测定卤水中铷含量的过程进行分析,建立了该法的不确定度评价数学模型,系统分析并计算了各不确定度分量、合并不确定度和扩展不确定度。测定结果显示,卤水样品中铷含量为170±3.2 mg.L-1,由待测溶液浓度引入的不确定度为影响测定结果的最主要因素。  相似文献   
4.
采用上升单液滴法研究从盐湖卤水中萃取铷的动力学,主要考察了比界面积、水相铷浓度和油相(t-BAMBP/磺化煤油)浓度对萃取速率的影响,通过比界面积的研究发现t-BAMBP萃取铷的过程由界面化学反应和相内化学反应共同控制;通过对实验数据的非线性拟合得到了萃取体系的动力学方程,R=9.936×10-7[Rb+]1.134[t-BAMBP]2.190,萃取速率对铷的反应级数为a=1.134,对t-BAMBP反应级数b=2.190,实验值和计算值的均方根误差为1.735 %。  相似文献   
5.
The macro-tidal Gulf of Kachchh, covering nearly 7000 km(2), is located about 150 km south of the Indus River mouth. In spite of semi-arid climate and lack of major rivers flowing into it, the Gulf is highly turbid with suspended sediment concentrations (SSC) during October-November 2002 ranging between 0.5 and 674 mgl(-1). Highly turbid waters are observed towards the northern portion of the mouth of the Gulf, at the head of the Gulf and adjacent to the numerous shoals present within the Gulf. Perennial high SSC in the Gulf is due to resuspension of sediments by strong tidal currents, shallow bathymetry and presence of fine-grained sediments on the sea floor. Numerical model studies show that there is a dynamic barrier in the central Gulf, which prevents the exchange of water and suspended sediments between the outer and inner Gulf. This dynamic barrier associated with strong east-west tidal currents restricts the turbid waters mainly to the northern Gulf, resulting in relatively clear waters (SSC<10 mgl(-1)) in the southern and central portions of the Gulf. Laser particle size distribution, clay mineralogy and geochemistry of the suspended matter show that the main source of sediments to the Gulf of Kachchh is the Indus River. Although the Indus discharge has been severely curtailed in the recent decades due to construction of numerous dams and barrages, the Gulf of Kachchh continues to receive resuspended sediments from the numerous meso and macro-tidal creeks of the Indus delta. The sediments at the head of the Gulf appear to be a mixture of sediments derived from the Indus as well as the numerous seasonal rivers draining the Rann of Kachchh.  相似文献   
6.
采用四苯硼钠—季铵盐质量滴定法分析溶液中的常量铷,考察了松节油用量和共存离子(Ca2+、Mg2+、Li+、CO2-3、SO2-4、B4O2-7)对氯化铷溶液中Rb+分析结果的影响。溶液中Rb+浓度为0.05%0.15%时,分析结果的相对误差<0.3%,加标回收率为99.20%0.15%时,分析结果的相对误差<0.3%,加标回收率为99.20%101.2%。溶液中的共存离子Ca2+、Li+和SO2-4对Rb+分析无影响。  相似文献   
7.
This work shows the extraction of cesium( Cs~+) and rubidium( Rb~+) from salt lake brine containing potassium( K~+) and magnesium( Mg~(2+)). The results show that 4-tert-butyl-2-( α-methylbenzyl) phenol( t-BAMBP) diluted in sulfonated kerosene( SK) has an excellent extraction effect. Infrared spectroscopic studies indicate that polymerize to form the dimer in the t-BAMBP when Cs~+or Rb~+were extracted. The effects of K~+,Mg~(2+),t-BAMBP concentration,the volume ratio of organic phase to aqueous phase( O/A) and the alkalinity( pH) of aqueous phase were investigated.The K~+and Mg~(2+)should be eliminated through precipitating before the extraction and separation of Cs~+and Rb~+. The optimum extraction conditions of the experimental brine were as follows: 0. 8 mol/L t-BAMBP diluted in SK,pH≥13,a phase ratio of 1: 1,and an extraction contact time of 2 min at room temperature. The optimal extraction yields of Cs~+and Rb~+were as high as 100% and 85. 8%,in addition,8. 76% of K~+was co-extracted. Further work would increase the extraction yield and selectivity of Rb~+and realize the efficient separation of Cs~+and Rb~+from brine.  相似文献   
8.
用等压法测定了298.15 K下氯化物型含铷卤水的三元子体系KCl-Rb Cl-H2O的等压平衡浓度,混合溶液的离子强度范围从0.5 mol·kg-1到4.9 mol·kg-1。由实验结果计算了混合溶液的渗透系数、水活度,根据Pitzer离子相互作用模型对实验结果进行参数化研究,拟合得到了描述KCl-Rb Cl-H2O混合溶液中离子间相互作用的Pitzer混合参数。用Pitzer模型计算的混合溶液的渗透系数、水活度与实验结果相一致。  相似文献   
9.
碱性体系t-BAMBP萃取微量铷及热力学函数研究   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0       下载免费PDF全文
通过对4-叔丁基-2-(α-甲苄基)苯酚(t-BAMBP)萃取微量铷的性能的研究,详细考察了稀释剂、碱度和温度对萃取的影响。实验结果表明,在260#溶剂油体系中,铷的分配比较之在环己烷体系和四氯化碳体系高;强碱性环境和低温条件有利于铷的萃取。同时通过斜率法和饱和法确定了萃合物组成为RORb·ROH,并研究了萃取过程的热焓、吉布斯自由能及熵变等基础热力学性质,结果表明该萃取反应为放热反应,萃取过程熵减。  相似文献   
10.
温和水热法制备MZr2(PO4)3(M=Na,K,Rb)   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
在温和的水热条件下分别制备出纯净的磷酸锆钠 [NaZr2 (PO4) 3 ]、磷酸锆钾 [KZr2 (PO4) 3 ]和磷酸锆铷 [RbZr2 (PO4) 3 ]。研究了原料配比、矿化剂 (氟离子 )、反应时间和温度等水热晶化条件对产物生成的影响。发现在较宽的温和水热条件下可以制得这三种磷酸锆盐 ;随着碱金属离子的增大 ,产物的生成条件越来越窄 ;最佳制备条件是 :F- ZrO2 =2、P2 O5 ZrO2 =3 (均为摩尔比 )、[ZrOCl2 ]=0 6mol L、反应温度 1 5 0℃、反应时间 2天。用水热法没有制备出同一系列磷酸锆盐中的磷酸锆锂 [LiZr2 (PO4) 3 ]和磷酸锆铯 [CsZr2 (PO4) 3 ]。采用XRD、SEM、IR、Raman和XPS等现代物化仪器对产物的结构与物相纯度进行了测定与表征  相似文献   
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