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1.
鄂陵湖湖滨地区夏季近地层微气象特征与碳通量变化分析   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
利用2010年夏季鄂陵湖湖滨地区试验观测资料,从中选取资料较好的5个连续晴天,分析了该地区高寒草甸夏季局地气候、辐射与能量平衡特征以及碳通量的日变化。结果表明:①夏季晴天湖滨地区近地层气象要素受到湖陆风的较大影响,风向昼夜交替变化,垂直风速和摩擦速度明显大于玛曲草原,全天盛行上升气流,昼夜温差较小;②湖滨地区日均太阳总辐射与净辐射高于玛曲草原和金塔绿洲,地表能量不平衡现象较显著,湍流输送以潜热为主,夜间近地层存在明显的逆温和逆湿现象;③夏季湖滨草甸碳吸收的日最大值出现在上午11时前后,碳吸收显著大于碳排放,其水分利用效率与海北草甸生态系统接近,总体偏低。  相似文献   
2.
李相虎  张奇  邵敏 《地理科学进展》2012,31(9):1164-1170
基于1998-2007年热带测雨卫星(TRMM)3842v6降雨数据分析鄱阳湖流域降雨时空分布特征,并利用40个气象站观测日降雨数据对TRMM数据在不同子流域、不同降雨强度及不同季节里的精度进行了对比分析,弥补了以往只评价整体精度的不足。结果显示:鄱阳湖流域北部地区修水、饶河子流域较易出现暴雨,导致雷达信号衰减,使TRMM对大雨强降雨的探测出现较大偏差;流域内降雨以10-50mm为主,其雨量占到总雨量的60%;流域降雨在年内1-3月中旬为干旱少雨期,3月下旬-9月初为湿润多雨期,9.12月再次进入干旱少雨期;而空间分布呈东、西部大,中部小的格局;同时发现,在赣南山区TRMM降雨较观测雨量低300-400mm,这可能受高程和坡度的影响,使TRMM对山区降雨的探测精度也出现较大偏差。  相似文献   
3.
巴丹吉林沙漠湖泊与地下水的补给来源及化学组成(英文)   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Based on the analysis of ion chemical composition of lake water and shallow groundwater in the Badain Jaran Desert, this paper discussed the characteristics of ion chemical composition, spatial variation of lake water, and possible supply sources of lake water and groundwater in the desert areas. The results show that the pH, salinity, TDS and electrical conductivity of the lake water are greater than those of groundwater. The ion con-tents of water samples are dominated by Na+ and Cl?. Most of the higher salinity lakes are Na (K)-Cl-(SO4) type, and a few of low salinity lakes belong to the Na-(Mg)-(Ca)-Cl-(SO4)-(HCO3) type. Most of the groundwater is Na-(Ca)-(Mg)-Cl-(SO4)-(HCO3) type, attributed to subsaline lake, and only a few present the Na-Cl-SO4 type, flowing under saline lake. The pH, salinity, TDS and electrical conductivity in the southeastern lakes are relatively low, and there are slightly alkaline lakes. The pH, salinity, TDS and electrical conductivity in the northern lakes are much greater than those of the southeastern lakes, and the northern lakes are moderately alkaline and saline ones. In the southeastern part of the Badain Jaran Desert, the ion chemical characteristics of the lake water from south to north show a changing trend of sub-saline →saline→hypersaline. The changing trend of chemical compositions of ions in recent 9 years indicates that most of the ion contents have a shade of reduction in Boritaolegai, Badain, Nuoertu and Huhejilin lakes, which state clearly that the amount of fresh water supply is increasing in the 9-year period. The ion chemical composition of the lake water reveals that the flow direction of lake water is from southeast to northwest in the Badain Jaran Desert. The ion chemical composition, moisture content of sand layer water level height and hierarchical cluster analysis of the lake water and groundwater demonstrate that the lake water is mainly supplied by local rainfall and infiltration of precipitation in Yabulai Mountains and Heishantou Mountain, and the supply from the Qilian Mountains is almost impossible.  相似文献   
4.
黄旗海湖泊沉积记录的早中全新世大湖期环境的差异性   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
内蒙古黄旗海H6剖面揭示了最近间冰期古湖泊涨缩的一个完整旋回。基于OSL年代、粒度并结合沉积物地球化学等数据,分析了黄旗海在早、中全新世(约(11.4±1.1~6.7±0.7)ka)大湖期指标记录特点与环境意义。研究认为黄旗海全新世大湖期可分为三个阶段:1)(11.4±1.1~9.3±0.9) ka BP,半深水环境、湖水盐度低、流域存在有利于化学风化的湿润气候条件;2)(9.3±0.9~7.7±0.7) ka BP,湖水变浅、湖泊萎缩、湖泊盐度升高,流域可能存在不利于化学风化的干燥气候;3)(7.7±0.7~6.7±0.7) ka BP,大湖期结束,指标记录存在剧烈波动,揭示气候具有宽幅震荡特征。同时,研究初步认为Mn/Li比值可以作为流域化学风化的指标指示。  相似文献   
5.
Expansive playa‐lake systems situated in high‐altitude piggyback basins are important and conspicuous components of both modern and ancient cordilleran orogenic systems. Extant playa lakes provide vital habitat for numerous endemic species, whereas sediments from these deposystems may record signals of climate change or develop natural resources over geological time. Laguna de los Pozuelos (North‐west Argentina) provides the opportunity for an actualistic sedimentological and geochemical assessment of a piggyback basin playa lake in an area of critical interest for understanding Quaternary palaeoclimate dynamics. Silty clays and diatom ooze are the dominant playa‐lake centre microfacies, with concentrations of total organic carbon and biogenic silica commonly exceeding 1·5 wt% in this sub‐environment. Elemental and stable isotopic analyses point to a mixed organic matter composition in the playa‐lake centre, with substantial contributions from algae and transported aquatic macrophytes. Bulk sediment and organic mass accumulation rates in the southern playa‐lake centre approach 0·22 g cm?2 year?1 and 2·89 mg cm?2 year?1, respectively, indicating moderately rapid deposition with negligible deflation over historic time. Playa margin facies contain higher percentages of fragmented biogenic carbonate (ostracods and charophytes) and inorganically precipitated aragonite crusts due to seasonal pumping and evaporation of ground water. Organic matter accumulation is limited along these heavily bioturbated wet and dry mud flats. Fluvial–lacustrine transitional environments, which are key waterbird habitats, are either silty terminal splay (northern axis) or sandy deltas (southern axis) containing highly oxidized and partially allochthonous organic matter. Modern analogue data from Laguna de los Pozuelos provide key insights for: (i) environmental reconstructions of ancient lake sequences; and (ii) improving facies models for piggyback basins.  相似文献   
6.
高盐度湖泊艾比湖风生流三维数值模拟   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5       下载免费PDF全文
根据高盐度湖泊水动力特征,以西北咸水湖泊艾比湖为例,建立三维水动力数学模型。选取典型风场,分析风力作用下的高盐度湖泊风生流形成过程以及风生流水动力参数的三维空间分布特征。结果表明,艾比湖风生流形成在时间上可分为湖水流向和风向一致阶段、湖水运动方向逐渐偏离风向的过渡阶段及环流形成的稳定阶段等3个阶段。当流场达到稳定状态时,表层水体除中部存在若干小尺度环流外,大部分水域流向与风向基本一致;而湖泊中心区域底层水体流向与表层水体的流向大致相反,表现为很明显的补偿流。总体上,水平方向的流速自表层向下呈现递减的变化趋势,岸边流速大于中心流速,表现出与淡水湖泊基本相似的水动力空间分布特征。水体盐度增加对湖泊环流结构无影响。  相似文献   
7.
Based on the abundant information from drilling, cores, and logging, the influence of topography, size of rivers and lakes, climate changes and the lake level’s fluctuation on the sandbodies at shallow-water delta front are systematically summarized and the sedimentary dynamic processes are analyzed. The interwell communication among the sandbodies and their planar distribution revealed from the hydrodynamic features of the development wells are integrated during the analysis. The fundamental requirements for the development of the shallow-water delta included flat topography and uniform subsiding rate. The delta plain was connected smoothly with the wide delta front and predelta, without the three-fold structure of topset, foreset, and bottomset as defined in the Gilbert Delta Model. Because of the weak fluvial effect and the lake energy is strong, the small and scattered shallow-water delta is destroyed by the scouring-backwashing, coastal current, and lake wave, resulting in the coastal sheet deposition. As the fluvial effect became stronger and the lake energy became weaker, the shape of the shallow-water deltas transferred from sheets to lumps and then branches.  相似文献   
8.
9.
巴丹吉林沙漠湖泊及地下水化学特征   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
通过对巴丹吉林沙漠丘间湖泊和古日乃、雅布赖、阿拉善右旗等地及其周围浅层地下水离子化学成分分析,探讨了沙漠地区湖水与地下水化学成分特点、水化学类型、空间变化和湖水补给来源.结果显示,巴丹吉林沙漠湖泊水的pH、盐度、TDS和电导率均远远大于地下水.湖水样品中Na+和Cl-含量占绝对优势,大多数盐度较高的湖泊属于Na(K)-...  相似文献   
10.
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