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气氡观测脱气装置改造的试验研究   总被引:3,自引:1,他引:2  
SD-3A自动仪器是“九五”期间中国地震局研制的自动测氡仪器,其脱气装置需要根据观测点的具体情况自行设计、制造。为此,笔者通过对武都殿沟泉脱气装置反复试验、改造,研制完成的脱气装置在武都气氡观测中获得良好效果:整点观测值的离散度明显减小,在6个月中(2002年2月至7月)有101个值超过3倍的均方差,降低到(2003年2月至7月)超过3倍的均方差的数值为零,观测值日变化幅度从几千Bq/L,降低到100Bq/L左右。。  相似文献
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通过对武都应变台多年应变资料的处理分析后发现,在汶川8.0级地震发生前,武都台应变有显著的前兆异常变化,它与昆仑山口西8.1级地震前出现的异常有很高的相似度.昆仑山口西地震和汶川地震前都有“α-β-γ”形变阶段,在不同的前兆异常阶段,异常形态有明显的差异,而且各具特点.尤其在β1阶段,EW道、面应变、差应变的异常变化(中期异常)都出现在震前2-3年,持续时间约1年多,而且异常都非常显著.本文详细分析了武都台应变在各个阶段的前兆异常变化特征,并就其原因进行了初步分析.  相似文献
3.
The natural loess that covers the ground surface has good stability due to its low water content. However, when violent earthquakes occur, the strong dynamic stress generated in the slope may induce landslide disasters with different sizes. In this paper, a large-scale shaking table model test is used to reveal the dynamic response and instability failure process of the loess slope. The test results show that different parts of the slope have different vibration characteristics and the first natural frequency in the model increases with the increase of the slope height. The response acceleration of different parts may change due to the coupling relationship between the spectral characteristics of input wave and the natural frequencies of different parts of slope, suggesting the characteristics of regional differential dynamic response. Under the condition of different dynamic response, stress state and boundary conditions of different parts of slope, a rapid microstructural damage, cumulative residual deformation evolution, and tension-shear coupling instability failure process may appear at the top of the slope with the strong dynamic response associated with the increase of dynamic loading intensity. The Sd values presented in this paper may reflect soil damage and slope instability and failure.  相似文献
4.
在文县-临江Ms5.0地震前,武都地电出现明显异常;N85°E道和N73°W道地电阻率资料,打破正常年变化形态;尤其N85°E道地电阻率资料出现近似勺形变化.  相似文献
5.
较为系统地分析了甘东南成县、樊坝、清水温泉、两水4口水温井自2007年以来的水温观测数据,发现在2008年5月12日汶川MS8.0地震前后4口水温井资料都出现了不同程度的前兆异常变化,但前兆异常信息大部分淹没在趋势上升的背景中。为了更好地提取前兆异常信息,文中采用了流体资料处理时常用的差分法、变差率法、从属函数法、趋势速率法等前兆异常信息提取方法,对数据进行了处理,并分析了4井水温前兆异常变化特征。  相似文献
6.
Based on the dynamic triaxial liquefaction test of the loess samples which are taken from Shibei tableland, Guyuan City, Ningxia, China, the characteristics of dynamic strain, dynamic stress and pore water pressure are studied under cyclic loading. Triaxial shear test is conducted immediately after the sample reaches liquefaction point. During the test, the property of the liquefied soil is analyzed through fluid mechanics method, whereby the fluidity of the liquefied soil is represented by apparent viscosity.The results show that the fluidity of liquefied loess changes from "shear thickening" to "shear thinning" as the shear force continues, and the fluidity of liquefied loess is closely related to its structure. In addition, in the process of forming a new stable state, the apparent viscosity and deviant stress change with axial strain in a similar approach. When the sample reaches its stable state, it meanwhile shows a relatively stable apparent viscosity. According to the fluid mechanics and the law of conservation of energy, the slip distance of the liquefied soil is estimated, and the results are in good agreement with the field investigation results.  相似文献
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