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The upwelling area in the Changjiang Estuary was selected to collect the core, where the red tide occurred frequently and hypoxic existed. The total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), biogenic silica (BSi) and stable organic carbon isotopic ratios(δ13 Corg) were determined on the 210pb-dated sediment core. The concentrations of TOC, TN, BSi as well as their sedimentation fluxes have in- creased to some extent since the 1970s. TOC and TN fluxes increased about 45%, 36% respectively. The average δ13 Coorg value in the core was -23.67 ×10^-3 which remained nearly constant before the 20 century. The δ13 Corg values increased after the 1900s, two marked increases were observed from the 1950s and the 1970s. A simple δ13 Cors model was used to estimate the contribution of terrigenous and marine organic matter inputs for the sediment, which indicated the increase in accumulation since the 1970s has been almost exclusively marine. The increasing of marine organic matter accumulation (TOC, TN and BSi) was corresponding with the increasing of fertilizer consumption and the NO3-N budgets from the Changjiang River. The riverine runoff of fertilizers and nutrients stimulated the algae blooming. Enhanced primary production resulted in an enrichment of organic matter in the sediment. These data support the hypothesis that anthropogenic nutrient loading has been a significant factor on the eutrophication in the Changjiang Estuary.  相似文献
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210Pb定年的基础上, 对取自浙江沿岸泥质缺氧区的柱样沉积物开展了菜子甾醇、甲藻甾醇、长链烯酮等生物标志化合物分析, 根据生物标志化合物含量及比例的分布特征, 重建了泥质区110年来浮游植物生产力及群落结构变化。结果表明浙江近岸浮游植物生产力百年来呈上升趋势, 自20世纪60年代开始上升, 80年代以来有显著增加, 浮游植物群落结构则均有甲藻比例上升、硅藻比例下降的趋势。研究认为, 浙江沿岸泥质区百年来浮游植物生产力的提高与我国化肥施用量和长江氮的入海通量呈正相关, 营养盐N∶P和N∶Si比值的增加导致浮游植物优势种由硅藻向甲藻的转变, 说明自20世纪60年代, 尤其是自20世纪80年代以来工农业快速发展、大型水利工程建设等人类活动是导致浙江沿岸泥质区海域浮游植物生产力提高及群落结构变化的主要因素。  相似文献
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在210Pb定年的基础上,对取自长江口外缺氧区内外的柱样沉积物开展了10种常量元素、13种微量元素和粒度的测定分析,研究了其物源及分布特征。结果表明,缺氧区外柱样沉积物主要来源于老黄河口海岸泥沙,大部分元素具有"粒度控制"规律。缺氧区内沉积物主要来源于夏季长江陆源的输入和海洋自生生物死亡后的沉降,部分氧化还原敏感元素(RSE)和亲生物元素不受控于"粒控效应",其中Mo、Cd、As等氧化还原敏感元素自20世纪70年代以来明显富集,分别增加了83%、73%和50%,而Mn出现贫化,指示了缺氧区水体富营养化加剧和底层水体季节性缺氧,引起底层水-沉积物界面氧化还原环境变化;亲生物元素Ca、Sr、P含量自20世纪70年代起分别增加了129%、65%和38%,反映了受化肥使用等人类活动影响,近40年来长江口外水体生产力提高和生物量增加。  相似文献
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Phytoplankton productivity and community structure in marginal seas have been altered significantly during the past three decades, but it is still a challenge to distinguish the forcing mechanisms between climate change and anthropogenic activities. High time-resolution biomarker records of two 210Pb-dated sediment cores(#34: 28.5°N, 122.272°E; CJ12-1269: 28.861 9°N, 122.515 3°E) from the Min-Zhe coastal mud area were compared to reveal changes of phytoplankton productivity and community structure over the past 100 years. Phytoplankton productivity started to increase gradually from the 1970 s and increased rapidly after the late 1990 s at Site #34; and it started to increase gradually from the middle 1960 s and increased rapidly after the late 1980 s at Site CJ12-1269. Productivity of Core CJ12-1269 was higher than that of Core #34. Phytoplankton community structure variations displayed opposite patterns in the two cores. The decreasing D/B(dinosterol/brassicasterol) ratio of Core #34 since the 1960 s revealed increased diatom contribution to total productivity. In contrast, the increasing D/B ratio of Core CJ12-1269 since the 1950 s indicated increased dinoflagellate contribution to total productivity. Both the productivity increase and the increased dinoflagellate contribution in Core CJ12-1269 since the 1950–1960s were mainly caused by anthropogenic activities, as the location was closer to the Changjiang River Estuary with higher nutrient concentration and decreasing Si/N ratios. However, increased diatom contribution in Core #34 is proposed to be caused by increased coastal upwelling, with higher nutrient concentration and higher Si/N ratios.  相似文献
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