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北极楚科奇海海冰面积多年变化的研究
引用本文:朱大勇,赵进平,史久新.北极楚科奇海海冰面积多年变化的研究[J].海洋学报,2007,29(2):25-33.
作者姓名:朱大勇  赵进平  史久新
作者单位:厦门大学海洋系,中国海洋大学海洋环境学院,中国海洋大学海洋环境学院 福建厦门361005,国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,福建厦门361005,山东青岛266003,山东青岛266003
摘    要:北极气候系统正在发生显著变化,其中,海冰面积和厚度的减小是其最主要的特征.楚科奇海是海冰面积变化最有代表性的区域.文章利用积累了9 a的高分辨率海冰分布数据研究海冰面积的多年变化特征.结果表明,各年的冰情有显著的季节内变化,海冰面积距平曲线体现了不同时期海冰面积变化的动态过程.在1997~2005年间,楚科奇海海冰面积经历了轻(1997年)—重(2000~2001年)—轻(2002~2005年)的变化过程.9 a的数据总体上体现了海冰面积减小的趋势,2005年的冰情呈现了历史新低.每年融冰期的长短与冰情轻重有密切的关系,冰轻年份融冰开始时间早,冻结结束时间晚.各年海冰面积最小值发生在9月下旬至10月初,各个年份海冰最小面积差别很大.有的年份只有4%,而重冰年可以大于50%.文章采用4个重要参数表达海冰多年变化.其中海冰面积指数反映了当年总体平均的海冰面积距平;海冰最小面积反映了融冰期海冰的极限情况;上一个冬季的气温积温也与翌年海冰面积有良好的关联;分析了风场对海冰的影响,表明风场在融冰期能够在短时间内改变海冰的覆盖面积.

关 键 词:北极  楚科奇海  海冰面积  多年变化  卫星遥感
文章编号:0253-4193(2007)02-0025-09
收稿时间:5/2/2006 12:00:00 AM
修稿时间:2006-05-022007-01-05

Study on the multi-year variations of sea ice cover of Chukchi Sea in Arctic Ocean
ZHU Da-yong,ZHAO Jin-ping and SHI Jiu-xin.Study on the multi-year variations of sea ice cover of Chukchi Sea in Arctic Ocean[J].Acta Oceanologica Sinica (in Chinese),2007,29(2):25-33.
Authors:ZHU Da-yong  ZHAO Jin-ping and SHI Jiu-xin
Institution:1. Department of Oceanography, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China ;2. College of Physical and Environmental Oceanography, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China; 3. Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005, China
Abstract:The Arctic climate is experiencing obvious change,and the variations in the area and thickness of seaice are the uppermost charact eristics.The ice cover in the Chukchi Sea represents mostly the variation of Arcitc seaice cover.In this paper,the variations of ice area within nine years in the Chukchi Sea are studied by using the remote sensing seaice data.The results show that the annual difference of sea ice area is not able in different year.During the years of 1997~2005,the ice area underwent a course from lightice year(1997) to heavy ice year(2000~2001) and then reg ressed light ice years(2002~2005).As a whole,the ice area presents a decr easing trend,and the ice condition was the lightest in the year 2005.The duration of ice melting correlated well with the ice condition.In the lightice year,the melting begins earlier and freezes-up later.The minimum sea ice cover appear in the late Septem ber to early October each year,whose areas are quite different,4% in the light ice years and more than 50% in the heavyice years.Some major indices,Sea Ice Area Index,Minimum Sea Ice Area,Accumulated Temperature Anomaly and two Wind Driven Indices are chosen to express the multi-year variations of the sea ice cover and the impact from local climate.The Accumulated Temperature during winter has obvious impact on the ice condition of the coming year.Local wind field is a key fact to change the ice cover in short time by causing the compression or extension of low concentr ationice in summertime.
Keywords:Arctic  Chukchi Sea  sea ice area  multi-year variation  remote sensing
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